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Mariet Hardy Freeland 

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c:^ ^(^^ 

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Manet Hardy Freeland 

A Faithful Witness 

A Biography by her Daughter 

Mrs. Emma Freeland Shay 


Introdaction by 
Hbb. Hart L. Colbm an 

**Thv faithful witneu will I be, 

*Ti$ fixed ^ I can do all through the9»** 


Chicago : 

The Woman's Foreisrn Missionary Society 

of the Free Methodist Church 

1132 Washington Boulevard 


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Copyright, 1913 


The Woman's Foreign Mi498ionary Society 

of the 
Free Methodist Church of North America 

Made by the 

Free Ifethodist Publishing House 


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290 IHq Jtttli^r 


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Pbbface 15 

I. Home Scenes 17 

Home in a log-cabin — Both grandfathers in 
the batUe of Bunker Hill— Birth of Mariet 
Hardy in 1829 — CJon version at the age of 
thirteen — Erected the family altar. 

II. Bbeakino Home Ties 26 

Changes in the family circle — ^Rules for Chris- 
tian conduct— The sleigh-ride — Cary Col- 
legiate Seminary — Teaching district school — 
Call to higher education — ^Harvey Hardy's 
conver^on — Her sanctiflcation. 

^III. ScHOOfL Days at^Lima 41 

Literary work — "The Decision" — Crosses in 
prayer meeting — "Church Roll" — Burning of 
the new home — ^Assistant principal at Castile. 

School Days at I^ua — Continued 56 

"Pilgrim Band" — Personal work — Foreshadow- 
ing of future service — A peculiar cross — A 
martyr's consecration — A faithful witness — 
Class honors — Graduating Essay. 

V. The Ventuee 78 

Bishop Janes' sermon — ^Hedged in — ^Miss Eld- 
rige — The select school — Unexpected success 
Gainesville Seminary — School problems — 
—David Starr Jordan — ^The severe trial — ^A 
heroine — The father's death. 


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8 Contents 

VI. A Call to Service 91 

Betsey Sherwood — ^A deepened experience — Sud- 
den illness — Leaving the Seminary — ^ergen 
caaa£_Daeeting;— Call to public service — Lay- 
man's camp meeting at Black Creek — ^Unusual 
exercises — ^The first sermon. "'^ 

VII. Co-Labobebs 105 

A life companion — Revival of holiness — Our 
church mothers — An important testimony — 
Betrothal to Rev. J. B. Freeland— The 

VIII. In the Itinerant Ranks 119 

Unsettled conditions — The first appointment — 
Physical healing — A crowning glory — Pekin 
convention — Joining the new church — Finan- 
cial problems — Vina Freeland, the good angel 
— ^The hurricane — ^A critical illness — ^A vision 
— Costly apparel — A teacher at Chili Semi- 
nary—A supply at Cortland— Home cares— 
"Mother StUwell"— Meeting prejudice— Con- 
secration kept — A sermon sketch. 

IX. A Mother's Problems 145 

Principles in religious training— The Sabbath 
hour— The "Feast of Tabernacles"— Early 
conversions — A test of faith — A son's tempta- 
tions — Words controlled — Children's pleasures 
— Choice of companions — Reading matter — 
Plainness in dress — Christian schools — A 
mother's letter. 

X. Home Missionary Work 163 

A providential opening — Revival near Artesian 
— ^The founding of Wessington Springs Semi- 
nary—Pastor at Mt. Vernon — Paying a sub- 
scription — The new home — A dass leader — 
Faithful dealings — Interest in foreign mis- 
sions — ^Woman's Christian Temperance Union 
— Service in camp meetings — ^Assisting stu- 

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Contents 9 

dents — Friends in need — ^A birthday supper 
— At general conference — Revival in Wash- 

XI. A C0N8ECBATED Pen 182 

Desire for usefulness — ^A correspondent — Inter- 
est in young people — ^Life of Louisa Ranf — 
Contributions to religious periodicals — Poems 
-^Short selections from miscellaneous articles. 

XII. Sunset Days 198 

A surprise — Answered prayer — ^The last home — 
An unexpected visit — ^The j^orpan/s prayer 
meeting — ^The golden wedding — The last 
ti^timony — Closing days — Poem, Mrs. Edith 
C. I^vis— Tribute, Bishop W. T. Hogue. 

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Portrait of Mrs. M. H. Freeland 

Linen Sampler .... 

First Teacher's Certificate . . . . 

Genesee Wesleyan College and Seminary in 


Facing page 20 


Mariet Hardy 

Gainesville Female Seminary 

Co-Laborers — Group I 

Co-Laborers — Group II 

Mother's Chair 


Rev. and Mrs. J. B. Freeland and Two Old- 
est Children 


"The Sheep-Shed" 

The Wessington Springs Home 

Wessington Springs Seminary . \ . 

Mrs. Freeland's Desk 

Mrs. Freeland's Bible 

The Hermon Home 

Rev. and Mrs. J. B. Freeland 

Mother's Hour Circle and Badge . 




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If one were to suggest a title for the book before 
Qs other than the one it bears, it might well be "The 
Story of the Soul of a Woman." 

It has been truthfully said, "No life can be pure 
in its purpose and strong in its strife, and all life 
not be purer and stronger thereby." 

It is to be hoped that this biography of one of 
the mothers of Free Methodism will be a forerunner 
of others, and that they may be as great a benedic- 
tion to the church, and especially to our young 
people, as have the thrilling stories of the lives of 
the mothers of early Methodism. The same spirit 
of unworldliness, of devotion to high ideals of holy 
living, of heroic sacrifice for the cause of truth that 
characterized them, speaks eloquently in the lives 
of the group of noble women who were identified 
with early Free Methodism. 

That we may help to perpetuate this spirit, and 
thus in some small measure repay the debt of love 
we owe to them for the religious liberty that is ours, 
the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, repre- 
sented by their executive committee, at their last an- 
nual session, voted cordially and unanimously to 
publish this biography. The manuscript is furnished 
free of charge, and the proceeds from the sale of the 
book are to go into the treasury of the society, 


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14 Introduction 

The writer was privileged to become personally 
acquainted with Mrs. Freeland while the family 
were living in western New York, and to renew that 
acquaintance at the quadrennial meetings of the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. Her presence 
was ever an inspiration to holier living and to more 
devoted service. Hers was the rare combination of 
a strong, aggressive, uncompromising spirit, with 
a gentleness and tenderness that made her not only 
a wise leader, but a loving friend. 

To read this deeply interesting story of her life, 
is to feel again the influence of her spirit, again to 
see in memory the earnest, spiritual face, radiant 
at times with the glory of the upper world, and to 
hear her words of counsel and of comfort. 

The author has brought to her willing task the 
inspiration that has flowed into her own soul from 
a life-long intimate association with this life so 
"pure in its purpose" and so "strong in its strife." 

Possessed of a cultivated mind and a heart conse- 
crated to the same principles of holiness that guided 
her mother's life, she has written this life-story with 
the quick perception and the fine appreciation of 
motive and action that love alone can give. May it 
speak to many hearts of the beauty and glory of a 
life thus given to God. 

Mrs. Mary L. Coleman. 

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Every individual is influenced more or less by 
some ideal character. While comparatively few can 
come in actual touch with earth's heroes: a David 
Livingstone, a Florence Nightingale, a John Wesley 
or a Mrs. Fletcher; yet by means of biography, all 
who will, of every succeeding generation, may be- 
come acquainted with their inner life and be in- 
fluenced by their lofty character. 

It is a difficult and delicate task, however, to so 
present the life of an individual as to touch the 
heart of humanity, and cause a response to its joys 
and sorrows, its struggles and victories. 

The simple tale of the "Dairyman's Daughter'' 
has caused thousands to so sympathize with the ex- 
periences of that humble Christian and to be so 
touched by her devout piety, that they too have be- 
come followers of her Savior. 

Would that this sketch might bring to our 
young people, in whom my mother was ever deeply 
interested and for whom this life-story has been 
written, the same atmosphere of consecration and 
devotion to Christ that pervaded her life and 
made possible the victories that may likewise be 

It has been the aim to preserve as far bb possible, 
the words and expressions found in the carefully 


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16 Preface 

kept diaries and journals of my mother, only chang- 
ing from the first to the third person in order to 
form a continuous life record. 

To the many who have contributed facts, inci- 
dents, and words of appreciation in connection with 
her life, I am indebted for much of added interest. 
It is to be regretted that lack of space prevents the 
use of more that would have been valuable. 

Also to Mrs. E. L. Hogue, who kindly contributed 
her services in editing the manuscript and to my 
father who has assisted in every way possible in 
the preparation of the same, I am indeed grateful. 

If my mother's dying prayer, *The Lord grant 
that my mantle may fall on the young pilgrims, a 
double portion of the Holy Spirit ; that they may go 
everywhere Jesus bids them, not shrinking from the 
least or greatest cross," may be more fully answered 
because of the publication of this volume, it will be 
a precious reward. 

Emma Frbbland Shay. 

Greenville, Illinois. 
May, 1913, 


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Home Scenes. 

It was early spring in the year 1830. In the town 
of GaineaiiUfi^Genesee County (now Wyoming), in 
th e western p art ofjNew York„Stat^, a new clearing 
had been made^ and a family consisting of father, 
mother, and nine children, had recently settled in 
this forest wilderness. 

The log-house, built from the surrounding timber 
by the father and older sons, was as comfortable as 
were most houses in that newly settled country. 
Besides the one large family room, there was a side 
room for the mother and her spinning. Above the 
family room was the attic where the six boys slept. 
In winter the snow blew in through the roof, cover- 
ing them with a downy blanket. But what cared 
they ! In the morning, the great fire-place, with its 
back-log of hickory and bed of carefully protected 
coals, would soon be roaring with a fire that would 
scorch their faces. The generous loaves of bread, 
baked by the mother in the brick oven, would be 
frozen solid during the winter nights. One of the 
boys, holding a loaf near the fire until partially 
thawed, would cut off one slice, then another and 
another until there was sufficient for the morning 

A merry company they were. There was the ener- 


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getiCy tireless father, Samnel Hardy, a native of 
Massachusetts. His father fought for liberty in the 
battle of Bunker Hill, continuing a soldier through- 
out the Bevolutionary War. The mother, Polly 
Parker Hardy, was every inch a New England ma- 
tron, whose early home was in Connecticut. Her 
father likewise fought in the same battle and was a 
soldier during the same war. 

Thus far, their life together had been one of toil 
and sacrifice, such as only the early settlers in our 
country knew. 

Their first great sorrow came five years before 
the events of our story; the oldest daughter, Elmina, 
a beautiful girl of nineteen, sickened and died. This 
left three girls and six boys in the family circle. 

The second daughter, Abigail, had married a 
prosperous farmer and was then living three miles 
from the new home. The oldest son, Stephen Parker, 
a sturdy lad of nineteen, was his father's main stay. 
The younger children, Charley, the unfortunate 
brother; John Nelson, twelve years old; Lorenzo 
Dow, two years younger; William Harrison, a boy 
of seven; and Harvey Wesley, the five-year-old 
brother, kept the home from being lonely. 

Eunice Samantha, upon whom fell the respon- 
sibilities of the older sister, since Abby had left home, 
had for her special care the winsome, blue-eyed baby 
of six months, little Mariet. As soon as the baby 
sister became old enough to run about outdoors, 
Stephen was her protector. She would follow him 
around at his work, and when she could not find him 
would call and call, until he answered. Before she 
could talk plainly she called him "Tainy-one." He 

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was hep favorite brother during all those early 

While acres were being added to the clearing and 
the wants of the family supplied, happiness and con- 
tentment ruled in the home. "They were so close 
together, they had to be good-natured," as one of 
the boys remarked in after years. 

Thus the seasons passed by with their round of 
pleasure and toil. The flax was pulled, rotted, hetch- 
eled and spun into the finest linen, to be woven after- 
wards into cloth for the needs of the home. The 
flock of sheep furnished the wool that was carded 
and made into yarn for the stockings or woven into 
cloth for the clothing of the entire family. The 
wheat and corn were taken to mill and ground into 
flour for the winter'^s use. 

No brilliant electricity illuminated the homes in 
those early days. Tallow candles of their own manu- 
facture furnished the only means of light. 

Few were the journeys necessary to the neigh- 
boring town for supplies ; even "store sugar" was a 
delicacy rarely indulged in, the toothsome maple 
sugar amply meeting their needs. 

Ah, that was one of the jolly times, when the 
"sap began to run" in the maple woods. All were 
allowed to go to the "sugar-bush" to share by turn 
in the toil and pleasures of "sugaring off." 

Wild game was found in abundance, and the 
boys delighted in nothing more than in an exciting 
fox-hunt. At one time they secured their fox by 
cutting him out of an old hemlock-tree. At another 
time they returned home with three coons and a 

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Once each year the shoe-maker came, spending 
a week in making shoes for the family. The seam- 
stress also made her annual visits, fashioning the 
home-spun suits for father and sons alike. 

At no great distance from the home stood the 
little red school-house to which the children were 
sent to gain all the education possible. No maps, no 
charts, not even slates aided them in their search for 
knowledge. The poor little things would sit with 
their feet dangling from the high seats, waiting their 
turn to say their A B C's, or wearily conning Web- 
ster's speller, the old English reader, DaBolPs arith- 
metic, or Mitchell's geography. 

There were no primary books at that time. The 
teacher was supposed, by some magical means, to 
adapt these text books to all ages. So our merry 
group of youngsters made the most of the three 
months granted them for study. 

It was a great day when "little Mary," the pet 
of the family, was considered old enough to go to 
school with her brothers. They would take her by 
the hand in winter and help her through the deep 

In 1834, when Mary was about five years old, 
Stephen married and went at once to live amid the 
forests of Pennsylvania. Samantha, too, was mar- 
ried a year later, and with her husband, William Pat- 
terson, settled near the home Stephen had selected. 

"Little Mary," being the only sister left at home, 
was invested with new charms, and became almost 
the idol of the family. The father could hardly go 
to mill without her merry prattle to accompany him. 
How willingly would she go to the garden to gather 

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a cup of berries for the mother's mid-day lunch, or 
nm on numberless other errands, if she might but 
lessen the steps of that precious mother, to whom 
she clung with tireless devotion. Nor was Mary 
without her simple pleasures. At one time she 
would be tending a pet lamb, whose mother had died, 
and again she would play for hours with h^r dolls, 
fashioned from corncobs; nor did she have any 
others. On a few great occasions her father would 
bring her a stick of bright-colored candy when he re- 
turned from the distant town. Apples and nuts, 
pop-corn and maple sugar, were the wholesome treats 
indulged in around the fire-place during the winter 

But nothing has thus far been said of the religious 
influences in this home. Although the parents were 
Methodists, some trouble had arisen with one of the 
brothers in the church, which shook the father's 
confidence in religion, causing him to withdraw from 
the church while Mary was still very young. The 
family altar was no longer kept up, although the 
father continued to ask a blessing at the table. 

The children were all unsaved except the two 
that had left home. 

In the midst of these unfavorable circumstances 
the Holy Spirit talked with little Mary. When not 
more than five years of age she began to pray, with- 
out having been taught, and continued, with more 
or less earnestness, to seek the Lord in secret. 

When about eleven years of age, through the 
influence of a young lady then living in the home, 
and her unsaved, fun-loving brothers, Mary was 
drawn into the society of the gay and thoughtless. 

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Although young, so rapid had been her growth that 
she seemed much older, and readily engaged in all 
the pleasures of the times. She learned to love 
dancing and other vain amusements. Never, how- 
ever, after spending an evening in this manner, did 
she close her eyes in sleep, without weeping and 
promising never to go to places of the kind again. 

In the winter of 1842, when Mary was thirteen 
years old, a protracted meeting was held near her 
home. She attended one service and in response to 
an invitation, felt strongly inclined to identify her- 
self as a seeker of religion. She wished the young 
lady who was living in their home, and was some 
years older than herself, to go with her to the altar, 
but she refused. How could she go forward alone, 
before all the congregation, and especially before 
her unsaved brothers? She hesitated. Some had 
already gone and a season of prayer was in progress. 
Mary thought the matter all over. "I shall have to 
die alone and stand alone at the judgment," she rea- 
soned. "Not one of my friends can go with me there. 
Shall I fear to seek God, who alone can go with 
me through the dark valley or shield me in the judg- 

Her decision was made to seek God, whether any 
of her friends did or not, and to go forward at once 
should another invitation be given. Another invita- 
tion was given. She went — a simple, awkward coun- 
try girl; but then was a decision made from which 
she never turned during all the seventy years that 

She did not at once find the Savior, but convic- 
tion rested upon her heart. She felt guilty of base 

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ingratitude to God and wept and prayed for weary 
days and nights. So deep was her sense of sin that 
she lost her appetite for food, eating scarcely any- 
thing for several days. 

At last, when praying alone in her room, sud- 
denly the burden was lifted and her soul found rest. 

Mary soon united with the Methodist Episcopal 
church on probation and was baptized a few weeks 
later. Still she was ignorant of the way of life and 
had no guide but the Holy Spirit. She was not suffi- 
ciently acquainted with his voice to know every 
time when he spoke. 

Her standard of piety was the example of two 
young ladies in the neighborhood, one a Baptist, the 
other a Presbyterian. They were generally regarded 
as real Christians, being plain in dress and careful 
of their associations. These two were her models 
until she learned later to take everything to God in 

One of the first duties that came to her after her 
conversion was to ask her father for the privilege 
of again erecting the family altar. Long she strug- 
gled over this cross. She reverenced her father and 
mother. Could it be that she, the youngest in the 
family, should thus put herself forward? 

At last, when fully convinced that it was her 
duty, she hesitated no longer. One evening, before 
retiring, as her parents sat alone, with trembling 
voice and beating heart, she timidly said, "Father, 
are you willing that I should read a chapter in the 
Bible before we go to rest?'^ 

The father removed his glasses, laid down his 
newspaper and replied, "Yes, Mary, get the book.'* 

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She took down the long neglected family Bible and, 
turning to the thirty-seventh Psalm, read its com- 
forting words. 

Then the father said, "Now, Mary, pray." With 
overflowing heart she sent her simple petitions hea- 
venward, and from that night Mary was faithful 
in the observance of this duty, which now became 
a privilege. 

Mary was still busy with her studies during the 
few months of school, and was thorough in every 
lesson, never leaving it until she had mastered the 
minutest detail. She read few books, but they were 
the choicest, and their contents carefully treasured. 
Much of her time was spent with the distaff and the 
spinning wheel. So continuously was she employed 
in this labor that she suffered from its effect through- 
out her entire life. 

About this time the old log-house was replaced 
by a handsome frame dwelling upon which the 
father spent much time and money. It was his 
pride and represented the hard toil of years. The 
house was built upon a slight eminence, surrounded 
with grounds tastefully laid out. 

Mary, who was passionately fond of flowers, 
spent many hours, assisted by her brothers, in ar- 
ranging flower gardens extensively adorned with 
lilac, snowballs, wild roses and numberless varieties 
of old-fashioned beauties. 

There was the bower of sweet jessamine and 
honey-suckle, where she would spend hours of soli- 
tude, watching the opening buds or studying the 
language of her favorite flowers. 

Near by was the spring where she often sat be* 

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neath the overhanging branches of a weeping willow, 
gazing upon the transparent waters as they gushed 
forth from the rock beneath her feet or listening to 
the sweet caroling of the birds. 

Yonder were the meadows and the forests where 
she loved to gather the earliest wild flowers. Nearer 
the house were the orchards which gently sloped to 
the brook that went babbling by. 

How Mary loved her home ! Her heart clung to 
it and the loved ones there and fain would she have 
remained within its hallowed walls, hidden from the 
turmoil of the busy world. 

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Breaking Home Ties. 

The busy, happy years of girlhood were passing 
quickly by. The family circle had been gradually 
growing smaller. John Nelson had married and 
gone to make his home in Wisconsin. Harrison, the 
adventurer, soon joined Nelson, taking up govern- 
ment land, intending to make his permanent home 
in Wisconsin. His hopes were all centered in the 
anticipated union with a lovely, young lady who 
returned his affection; but she sickened and died, 
leaving his heart lonely and desolate. So deep was 
his grief that no one ever took the place of the lost 
one. To drown his sorrow, he joined a company of 
one hundred persons who started overland with 
teams and wagons, for California, the land of gold, 
in "49." 

Harrison was elected captain of the company, 
ever after being known as "Captain Hardy." His 
sister Mary was anxious for his safety in this long 
adventurous trip. Especially did she plead with 
God for his conversion, and never ceased her plead- 
ing until the answer came, long years afterward. 

Lorenzo Dow, the genial, kind-hearted brother, 
had married meanwhile and made his home in Gaines- 
ville, not far from the old home farm. Partly be- 
cause they were so nearly of an age, and partly be- 


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cause of the similarity of their tastes and disposi- 
tions, Harvey and Mary were now much together, 
becoming devoted in their attachment for each 

About this time an orphan cousin, Desiah Hoag, 
came to live in the home and became like a sister to 
Mary, who loved her with that unselfish devotion 
which was ever a characteristic of her friendships. 

Mary still continued to be the only one of the 
children at home who was a Christian. The constant 
burden of her heart was for the conversion of her 
brothers and cousin, and yet she was not satisfied 
with her own religious experience. She was an ar- 
dent reader of Christian biography and there learned 
of a blessing for believers called sanctification. 

She concluded that this must be the blessing that 
would satisfy her souMongings, and began to seek 
for it secretly. 

She had never heard but one person testify to the 
experience, nor had she ever heard a sermon on the 
subject, so it was not strange that she failed to 
understand the voice of the Spirit as he came in 
answer to her prayers. 

Holiness was then preached but little in the 
Methodist Episcopal church, although a revival of 
this doctrine and experience of early Methodism was 
beginning about this time in eastern New York, 
under the labors of Doctor Palmer, and more espe- 
cially of his gifted wife, Phoebe Palmer. 

Meanwhile Mary was being led step by step to a 
life of consecration and separation from the worldly 
influences with which she was surrounded. She was 
constant in her attendance upon the means of grace, 

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and especially enjoyed a woman's prayer meeting 
held each week at a private dwelling. 

She was often troubled with reference to her 
duty in the social means of grace. At times, through 
natural timidity, she would shrink from taking part 
in a service and, as a result, would be accused by 
the enemy of wilfully neglecting to bear her cross. 

The perplexity became so great that she was 
losing all comfort in the prayer meetings. She must 
know definitely God's will for her. Then the light 
shone clearly and she covenanted with God to take 
a part, however much she might feel her inability, 
in every service where an opportunity was given. 
This decision was as an anchor to her soul, keeping 
her committed to do the Master's will. 

The subject of fasting, as a means of grace, was 
brought to her attention as she read the lives of 
devoted Christians of other days. She searched the 
Bible that she might know for herself what was the 
Christian's duty. She found it to be a scriptural 
practise, observed by those who were deeply devoted 
or eminently useful, and she at once made fasting 
a regular part of her Christian duty. 

Mary was not content to be merely a nominal 
church member. She had determined to be the best 
Christian it was possible for her to be. Often she 
would say, "I do not want my sun to set amid 
clouds, I want a glorious sunset. I can not be con- 
tent with merely gaining heaven, I must have an 
abundant entrance." 

The influence of the two young ladies previously 
mentioned, encouraged her in seeking to be deeply 
spiritual. Nothing to her seemed small or of little 

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importance. An unkind or thoughtless word would 
cause her to weep tears of bitter repentance. She 
early formed the habit of speaking evil of no one, 
not even if what she might say were true. Nor 
would she allow the reputation of another to be in- 
jured in her presence if she could prevent it. 

In her dress she was, from the time of her con- 
version, comparatively plain; still the Spirit shone 
upon her heart as she was able to bear. 

It was the fashion at that time to wear dainty 
bead pockets suspended from the girdle. Mary had 
spent hours in making such a pocket from blue satin, 
covering it with shining steel beads. At last it was 
finished, and was to be worn for the first time on 
the Sabbath. As she was about to start for church 
with the new pocket conspicuously displayed, a 
brother-in-law, the husband of her sister Abby, play- 
fully remarked, "Mary, if the Methodists were as 
they used to be, they would not allow you to belong 
to the church, wearing such finery." Quickly she 
replied, "If the Methodists were as they used to be, 
I would gladly be like them." The Spirit at once 
spoke to her heart — "Was she not responsible, 
whether others kept the old beaten track or not?" 

At another time, while making some clothing, she 
decided that the garments would not be complete 
without about three yards of simple edging. She 
watched her opportunity to make the desired pur- 
chase. Soon a peddler called and she found just 
what she wanted. Three yards of edging at two 
cents a yard, six cents in all, and she thought her- 
self fortunate to get it so cheaply. 

But scarcely had the peddler left, wlira the 

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question came to her mind, "What did you get that 
edging for? Will it make your garments any more 
durable, or in any way better adapted for your use?" 
She could but reply that it would not. "Then what 
did you get it for?" the Spirit questioned. She was 
forced to acknowledge that it was only for looks. 
The Spirit continued further, reminding her that 
the six pennies thus spent could have purchased a 
Testament for some destitute child in the Sunday- 
school. The words, "Whether therefore ye eat or 
drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of 
God," came forcibly to her mind. How clearly did 
she see the necessity for self-denial in all the minute 
details of every-day life. 

"But how," she questioned, "shall I know just 
the standard in dress that I should adopt? Will I 
not go so far as to become ridiculous and be con- 
stantly in bondage, fearing I am not doing just 

The Holy Spirit spoke encouragingly to her heart, 
assuring her that she should know God's will even 
in these apparently small matters. Thus she was 
laying the foundations of a character that must 
stand severe tests and adopting rules of Christian 
conduct that were for a life-time. 

No human standard would do. She dared not 
look to the example of others; she must know for 
herself. In secret, alone with God, no human voice 
to influence, her life-long rule in regard to dress was 
adopted. How simple it seemed after all the 
struggles were over, but how impossible it had ap- 
peared at first to obtain such a standard. 

First. — She was to wear nothing merely for oma- 

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ment, nothing that was not in some way necessary 
for comfort, cleanliness, or modesty. 

Second. — She was to ref nse no fashion simply be- 
cause it was the fashion, nor was she to discard any- 
thing because it was out of fashion. 

Thus she was forever removed from the realm of 
fashion's dictates, and maintained that independence 
and rest of spirit of which fashion's votaries know 

Nor was she careless with reference to her ap- 
pearance. She was scrupulously neat. No frayed 
or tattered garments were ever tolerated. Becoming 
materials, modest colors, and a perfect fitting gar- 
ment, she felt it her duty to insist upon, as a repre- 
sentative of Christian womanhood. 

Her form now, instead of being tall and awkward, 
possessed the dignity and grace of young woman- 
hood. Her blue eyes, clear complexion, flushed 
cheeks, and earnest yet pleasing expression, together 
with the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, made 
her a fitting model for those with whom she mingled. 

Another subject that caused her much anxiety 
was the prpper method for observing the Sabbath. 
In this, as in the matters of conversation and dress, 
she was led by the Spirit to that sacred observance 
of the day which, instead of making the Sabbath a 
dread and a burden, caused a hallowed spirit of 
communion with her Savior and shut her away from 
the pleasures and toil of the week, so that the day 
was to her a delight. 

To test her conscientiousness, an unsaved friend 
once brought her, on the Sabbath day, some luscious 
wild berries. She hesitated a moment, fearing to 

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grieve the friend for whom she had been praying; 
but at once her fidelity to the Master conquered, 
and she declined the gift saying, '^I am sorry they 
were gathered on the Sabbath day." 

After his conversion this friend told her that 
had she accepted the fruit he would have lost all 
confidence in her religion. 

Then the selection of her companions was a mat- 
ter of conscience with her. "How far should she 
mingle with the unsaved and join in their pleasures? 
Should she shut herself entirely away from the young 
people of her acquaintance?" Here again she could 
not rest without a rule by which she could be guided 
under every circumstance. She would go nowhere 
that she could not take her Savior; she would have 
no companions with whom she could not converse on 
the subject dearest to her heart. 

To illustrate: — ^A sleigh-ride was planned, and a 
brilliant young man, her brother Harvey's chum, and 
one whom she would naturally admire, but who was 
not a Christian, invited her to accompany him. 
Should she refuse or should she accept the invita- 
tion? At once came the thought, "It will give me 
an opportunity to urge this friend to seek the 
Savior. If he is really a congenial companion, he 
will gladly welcome any words spoken with a desire 
for his welfare." She accepted the invitation with 
a prayer upon her lips that she might win this gifted 
young man for Christ. 

Instead of keeping the subject of religion in the 
back-ground, lest she should displease him and lose 
his friendship, she faithfully and earnestly plead 
with him to seek the Savior. 

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To him it seemed a time of decision — the self- 
denying, cross-bearing way of the Christian, or the 
pathway of pleasure, that leads to earthly fame 
and honor. He pondered; but earth held such at- 
tractions that like the rich young ruler, he turned 
sorrowfully from the narrow way. 

He never invited Miss Hardy to accompany him 
again. He knew that to continue her friendship 
meant to accept her Savior. Years after, by chance 
they met in a railroad train. He had gained wealth 
and honor, and was at that time United States min- 
ister to Egypt, while she had been spending years 
in patient toil for the rescue of lost ones. Think you 
she regretted for a moment her fidelity to the 

How clearly in those early days did she see the 
necessity of self-denial. She was often alone in 
secret prayer. She found that it was necessary to 
have a stated time for her secret devotions, or they 
were liable to be crowded out by the busy duties of 
the day. After experimenting with different hours, 
she found that ten o'clock in the morning was least 
liable to interruptions, and that then she was not so 
weary as at the close of the day. True, it did take 
self-denial to spend an hour in the best part of the 
day, but she would not offer unto the Lord a sacri- 
fice that cost her nothing. As a result God won- 
drously blessed her in secret and answered the pray- 
ers thus offered. 

She also made the study of the Bible a part of 
her private worship, reading it through by course 
once each year. 

When but sixteen years of age she gave five dol- 

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lars to become a life member of the Gainesville Bible 
Society, receiving in return one dollar's worth of 
Bibles each year. These she carefully distributed 
among her friends. 

She had an unusual sense of the realities of the 
divine life. While yet in her teens we find the fol- 
lowing solemn dedication of herself to God : 

"To thee, O Eternal God, my Heavenly Father, 
do I dedicate my soul, body, and spirit; resolving 
by the assistance of divine grace to know nothing 
among men but Jesus and him crucified. 

Maeibt Hardy." 

When in her twentieth year she expressed her soul 
longings in the following words: "O that I might 
feel that every desire of my soul was lost in the will 
of my Heavenly Father. Grant, O Lord, to enstamp 
thy seal upon every faculty of my being. Let me live 
but for thee, my bleeding Savior. Never permit me 
to dishonor thy cause, rather sever the thread of 
life and take me to thyself." 

The burden of her secret petitions often was, 
"Lord, make me a monument of thy power to save." 
It did not occur to her until long after that a monu- 
ment was an object to be looked at. Little did she 
think what she was asking. Gould she have seen 
and felt the full import of that prayer, with the 
grace she then had, she would, doubtless, have given 
up in discouragement, but the Lord revealed his 
will to her gently, as she was able to bear. 

While her spiritual life was thus unfolding, she 
was diligently improving every opportunity to de- 
velop her mind and fit herself for usefulness. 

Several of her brothers were excellent singers. 

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but she did not possess so great a natural gift. In- 
deedy her father, himself a fine singer, once playfully 
remarked to the singing teacher, "I will give you five 
dollars if you will teach Mary to sing the scale/' 
However, she persevered until she was much sought 
after when good singing was desired. 

While still attending the district school her gift 
as a writer began to be manifest. She wrote many 
simple poems and schoolgirl compositions. 

When about eighteen years of age, the following 
essay was written, after the death of a schoolmate. 


"Hark ! what sound is that which breaks with aw- 
ful foreboding upon the ear? Alas, 'tis the death 
knell of a departed soul, another spirit gone to meet 
its God. And hast that cruel tyrant. Death, been 
here? Has he filled the hearts of another group 
with sorrow? 

"But why is this, O Death? Why dost thou thus 
visit us and bear away from our side acquaintances, 
friends, and relatives? Why dost thou fill the 
mother's heart with sorrow by depriving her of her 
lovely offspring? Why is all this? Is it to quench 
thy thirst for blood, or to satiate thy unhallowed 
ambition, that thou causest sorrow to brood over the 
hearts of the children of men? O Death, thou art 
a much dreaded foe, both to princes and to people 
of low degree. Thou heedest not the age, beauty, or 
rank of thy victims. When thou callest, they must 
obey. Biches can not bribe thee, nor dignity check 
thy high career. Well mightest thou boast, proud 

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Monarch, of thy sway, for thou hast held thy power 
without a rival. 

"But lo! What form is that I see bursting thy 
strong bands and triumphantly rising from thy 
ehamel house? Is it thy conqueror, O Death ? Hast 
thine unlimited power been wrested from thy hands 
by a mightier king than thou? Yes, 'tis even so. 
Jesus, the Son of God, the King of Kings, has left 
his celestial throne on high, to be thy conqueror, O 

"The eastern star proclaimed his coming, while 
angels chanted forth in strains of joy the Conquer- 
or's natal hymn. The conclave of heaven echoes 
back in peals of lofty music, their alleluiah to God 
and the Lamb. 

"But why describe the happy hour, the hour of 
Jesus' birth? Rather let us turn to the final scene, 
the scene of victory. 

"All nature seemed to hail that mom, with un- 
broken stillness and solemn awe. Angels from the 
celestial courts of heaven are looking with anxious 
eyes to behold the eventful crisis. 

"The very earth seems to pause in its orbit. One 
ray of light from the eastern sky has scarcely shed 
its wonted loveliness, before the angelic band de- 
scends to earth, the pondrous stone removes, and 
Jesus, the Conqueror, comes from thy strong bands 
set free, to proclaim liberty to the captives bound 
by thy chains, O Death, and to bring peace to the 
children of men." 

Meanwhile Mary had finished the course provided 
at the district school and had spent the winter of 

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1847-48 in attending Cary Collegiate Seminary, an 
academy located in an adjoining county. Here she 
came under the instruction and inspiration of Miss 
Sill, the remarkably gifted woman afterward fa- 
mous in the founding of Rockford Seminary in 
Bockford, Illinois. 

The following summer Mary taught her first 
school in the town of Wethersfield, N. Y. 

In those early days the teacher "boarded around" 
among the families in the district. Besides her 
board, thus provided, she received one dollar and 
twenty-five cents per week, or the sum of five dollars 
a month ! 

One of her many duties was to fashion from 
quills the pens for the use of her pupils. She began 
to take delight in penmanship, spending much time 
in practising the copies it was her task to set, and 
her handwriting from this time became a model of 
beauty, of which this card is a sample. 

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Miss Hardy developed remarkable skill as a 
teacher, faithful and painstaking in every detail. 
Even the dull pupils made advancement under her 

The following winter Mary was again in her 
loved home, ministering with loving hands to the 
dear ones there. In the summer she taught another 
term of school, and again a third term in the summer 
of 1850. 

It would seem, with the small encouragement 
given to women in those days to attempt advanced 
scholarship, that Mary would naturally have re- 
mained at home, content to enjoy the comforts that 
surrounded her. But a voice semed to bid her culti- 
vate the intellectual talent committed to her care. 
To her, in her self-depreciation, this talent seemed 
small and hardly susceptible of improvement; but 
the same voice assured her that where little was 
given, little would be required. She dared not hesi- 
tate, nor did she wish to refuse obedience to the 
heavenly monitor. She felt that if she would erect 
a superstructure that would withstand the most 
trying tests, its foundation must be a fear of the God 
of Heaven. 

It was thus in obedience to a heavenly call, that 
she was to go forth from the home of her childhood, 
with all its endearing relations ; to leave those pleas- 
ing scenes with their hallowed influences; the fa- 
miliar voices of her friends that would restrain her 
and draw her back to that loved spot. 

Hers was a consecration, not merely to a love 
for truth itself, to a thirst for knowledge, for the 
mere pleasure of knowing, but to an intense desire 

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for usefulness, a longing to express her gratitude to 
her Eedeemer. She determined that nothing should 
hinder her from gaining the best possible prepara- 
tion for a life of Christian service. 

As she wandered about the home the quiet re- 
treats where she had loved to commune with nature 
and with God, her heart was crushed as she seemed 
to feel a foreshadowing that this earthly home would 
be hers no more. 

The words of the Psalmist seemed spoken to her 
heart — "Harken, O daughter, and consider, and in- 
cline thine ear ; forget also thine own people and thy 
father's house; so shall the King greatly desire thy 
beauty, for he is thy Lord and worship thou him'' 
(Psa. 45:10, 11). 

There as she knelt upon the velvet bank of the 
brook, beneath the shade of the trees where she had 
so often come for meditation and prayer, she made 
a consecration of her love for home that included 
all that God's providence brought to her in later 

At this time her brother Harvey left home to 
attend college; but he went away unsaved. Mary 
could not rest, but prayed continually for his con- 
version. A revival was in progress at the college 
and her intercessions in his behalf increased until 
one Sabbath morning the assurance came to her that 
Harvey was saved. Her heart leaped for joy; the 
burden was gone, and she rested in faith. 

In the class meeting that day, she felt con- 
strained to tell the glad news, but hesitated, being 
tempted that possibly it might be a mistake. In a 
day or two, however, she received a letter from the 

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absent brother, bearing on the envelope the message, 
"Haste, with joy." She eagerly opened the letter 
and found that at the very time she had been pray- 
ing, he had been converted. How great was her joy, 
to have this beloved brother for her companion in 
the heavenly way. Her cousin Desiah was also con- 
verted about this time in answer to her prayers. 

The minister at Gainesville in the year 1849-50 
was a spiritual preacher, an advocate of holiness. 
He explained the doctrine so clearly that soon Mary 
was rejoicing in a consciousness, not only of sins for- 
given, but of a heart cleansed from all elements con- 
trary to love. She closes her journal for the year 
1850, with the following humble tribute of thanks- 

"Another year has gone with its account to God, 
the most eventful of my life, and the most prosperous 
year spiritually that I have ever experienced. 

"O my blessed Redeemer, how great has been thy 
goodness to me! Thou hast encouraged my weak 
efforts to save souls by verifying thy immutable 
promises to me in the conversion of one beloved 
brother, and her that is as a sister to me, besides 
several friends. O, how shall I sufficiently praise 
thee for all thy goodness ! As the only return I am 
able to render thee, wilt thou enable me to take the 
cup of salvation and call upon the name of the 

Thus we find that at the early age of twenty-one, 
this quiet, hidden, consecrated witness for the Mas- 
ter was gathering the first fruits of her devoted life 
from her own circle of loved ones. 

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School Days at Lima. 

At last the way seemed open for Miss Hardy to 
resume her studies. It was but a day's drive from 
her home to Lima, where the Genesee Wesleyan Col- 
lege and Seminary was located. Her brother Harvey 
was already in attendance there and she was eager 
to join him. 

In those early days it was not considered proper 
for young ladies to pursue a regular college course, 
although in scholarship they might even excel their 

It had long been Miss Hardy's cherished dream to 
read the Bible in the languages in which it was 
originally written ; consequently she wished to enter 
the regular classical course. This was contrary to 
all the accepted rules of propriety, and, after vainly 
pleading that she be allowed to take the same course 
as her brother, she was obliged to substitute French 
and Qerman for Latin and Greek, as more becoming 
to the training a young lady should receive. How- 
ever, in several classes, chemistry, astronomy, nat- 
ural theology and mathematics she studied and re- 
cited with her brother Harvey. 

This distinction, based upon sex rather than 
intellectual ability,, roused all her sense of justice, 
and led her to make numerous defenses of woman 


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in connection with debates^ essays^ etc.^ during her 
seminary course. 

It was the custom for many of the students to 
form clubs and board themselves, bringing much of 
their provisions from home. Miss Hardy, or Mariet, 
as she was known among the Lima students, Harvey 
and their cousin Desiah, together with several others, 
formed such a club. This was during the spring 
term of 1851, when, in her twenty-second year, Miss 
Hardy first entered Lima Seminary. 

The imposing building, situated commandingly 
upon "Lima Hill," the fine advantages for literary 
culture, the talented instructors, the large company 
of earnest students gathered from all parts of the 
state, furnished an intellectual inspiration for which 
her mind thirsted. 

In writing to one of her absent brothers after 
having been at Lima for some time, she says, "O 
how I love to investigate the mysteries of nature. 
I have been engaged considerably in such study, 
geology being at present my particular province. 
We have taken many long and pleasant rambles in 
imagination, among the scenes that were before man 
began to be. How strangely monotonous must have 
been the scenery of the primary or Paleozoic reign. 
Not one single sound indicative of life was heard 
throughout this earth of ours." 

She was ever looking forward to the final result 
of her toil, at one time writing, "How inspiring to 
have the powers of mental perception so illuminated 
as to discern that, in the secluded halls of litera- 
ture seeds may be implanted in the deep soil of the 
milld which, if carefully cultivated, will germinate 

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and become trees of knowledge^ refreshing the heart 
with the nutritious fruits of usefulness." 

When overwhelmed with the wonders of the uni- 
verse, in her study of astronomy, she would steal 
away from the busy scenes about her, still loving 
solitude, as in childhood days. She expresses her 
feelings on these occasions thus*- ^^When conscious 
that none but the Eternal is near, all the f acinating 
allurements of earth sink into their own comparative 
nothingness, leaving the field of vision unobstructed, 
that the soul may contemplate with wonder and 
adoration, the unbounded universe of God. As the 
imagination, thus unfettered, soars from planet to 
planet, from sun to sun, and from system to system, 
or, descending to earth, investigates the. laws by 
which she is compelled to pursue her diurnal round, 
thus spreading light and shade alternatively over the 
habitation of man, the soul, as by an instinctive im- 
pulse proclaims, The hand that made these, is di- 
vine.' " 

Again she exclaims, ^^What a strange world is 
ours ! What a mottled mixture of good, bad, and in- 
different! Here ambition, envy, and every kindred 
passion strives for mastery. A vain ambition to be 
known as among the great of earth has lured many 
a deluded one to a forgetfulness of even nature's en- 
dearing ties. With the Grecian philosopher, they 
have plunged into a dismal cell, or, with a Byron 
roamed a wanderer, while, perchance, after long 
years of strife, an unknown grave has been their 
only recompense. How strange that he who boasts 
so much of reason should suffer himself to be thus 
tossed about upon the tempestuous ocean of passion," 

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Among the many advantages afforded at Lima, 
there were various literary societies for the young 
ladies, as well as for the young men, where careful 
drill was given in composition and delivery. These 
were Miss Hardy's special delight. In no depart- 
ment were her natural gifts so manifest as in lit- 
erary productions. Her talents were soon recognized, 
and she was frequently chosen to prepare papers for 
special occasions. 

In all her literary work, however, there was the 
deep current of devotion and a desire to benefit her 
fellow students, »rather than to win applause. For 
example, when a story from the imagination was the 
task assigned, she, instead of pleasing the passing 
fancy, sought to appeal to those still hesitating in 
their choice of the narrow way, and perhaps to 
strengthen her own steadfast purpose to pursue the 
heavenly road. 

We can almost hear her, as with earnest voice 
and saddened face she read before the class the fol- 
lowing story entitled, "The Decision.'' 

"Emma C. was a young lady of ardent aspira- 
tions and deep devotion of soul. She had chosen 
religion as her pole star in early childhood, and its 
restraining influences had kept her thus far from the 
thousand snares peculiar to childhood and youth. 

*^But youth was now verging into womanhood, 
and, possessing as she did, a temperament all buoy- 
ant with life and vigor, she found it no ordinary 
task to repel the torrents of temptation that 
thronged her pathway. 

"At the twilight hour, one lovely summer day, 
she seated herself by a favorite window of her quiet 

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chamber. The outward world never wore a more 
pleasing aspect^ but she saw it not; for her attention 
was all absorbed with the fierce conflict that was 
raging within her heart. In her musings she seemed 
to occupy the place where once the Savior stood, and 
to embrace in one glance of her expanded vision all 
earth's kingdoms in one moment's space. Never be- 
fore had terrestrial joys been clothed in such fas- 
cinating drapery. Her wondering soul knew not 
where to cease admiring such glory as enshrouded 
all things beneath and around her. 

"Truly, thought shie, as her eye rested upon fame's 
proud temple, that is a goal worthy the ceaseless ef- 
fort of an immortal mind. A seat upon its glowing 
heights is a position than all others more desirable. 

"And why, murmured she, may I not win this 
prize? Why may not I the glittering coronet wear? 

"Just then a messenger appeared whose dwell- 
ing place was in a purer clime than that which she 
inhabited. He pointed her to a secluded vale, where 
the glory with which she was surrounded scarce 
found an entrance. 

"There Emma saw some lonely pilgrims, moving 
forward towards a tiny star that twinkled in the 
distance. Their eyes, sometimes tearful, sometimes 
joyful, were fixed upon that shining mark, and they 
appeared indifferent to all besides. How gloomy, 
thought she, must be that pathway; compared with 
the illuminated one upon which she had been gazing. 

"But suddenly her eyes were opened to see a 
peculiar glory encircling the brows of those care 
worn pilgrims, a glory far surpassing that upon 
which she had just been gazing. 

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"While wondering at what her eyes beheld, the 
heavenly messenger whispered, *Wilt thou go in this 
narrow way, bearing the reproaches of the vain 
world, or wilt thou be caressed and flattered by its 
gay admirers?' Emma started back as she saw by 
mortal vision the joys of earth and heaven con- 
trasted, and felt that upon her devolved the fear- 
ful responsibility of choice. A remembrance of early 
vows rushed across her mind. She thought of the 
baptismal font, of the secret bower of prayer, and of 
the consecrated altar where she had often bowed to 
commemorate a Savior's dying agony. But she 
thought, too, of the reproachful cross. She remem- 
bered how self had been humbled beneath its crush- 
ing weight. She asked, ^Can I still bear it? Can I 
turn from these glowing prospects of worldly fame 
and be more eminently a pilgrim in that narrow 
way than hitherto?' Here she wavered. Ah, the 
conflict of that hour! The joys of earth or heaven 
were hers to choose. Methinks the angelic host 
ceased for a while their strains of lofty music and 
leaning over heaven's battlements, sought to catch 
the response of that heart. The winged messenger, 
plumed for flight, awaited with intense interest the 
decision of that hour. 

"Calmly and deliberately did that lovely maiden 
weigh that solemn question and decide to barter 
heaven for earth, — its joys for the transient pleas- 
ures of this vain world. 

"It was done. On mournful wing the messenger 
of mercy flew back to his heavenly home and tears, 
such as angels weep, were shed over that doomed 

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^*Again, years after, we meet the aspiring Emma, 
but how changed! Her simple attire had been ex- 
changed for one of queenly brilliancy. Those hands, 
the workmanship of Deity, were laden with costly 
gems of rarest worth. The pleasures of earth were 
hers, through life's brief span; but, ah the end! 
Who can endure the thought! Dark, dark was the 
scene before and around her. The glory that once 
bewildered her youthful fancy had all vanished, and 
the chill pathway of death was soon to be trodden 
by her without one ray of hope to dispel the gloom. 
Truly did she exclaim as she gazed upon those glit- 
tering toys, *I bartered heaven for these/ We would 
fain follow the disembodied spirit into the unseen 
world, but we forbear. For, O Eternity, who can 
fathom thy depths and bring hither the horrors of 
a lost soul !" 

In the midst of all her duties as a student, in 
her changed surroundings, she did not forget that 
she had duties as a Christian. She manifested the 
same steadfast devotion to God as when amid the 
more secluded scenes of her home life. She followed 
the light divine so closely that her conscience was 
^^quick as the apple of an eye, the least approach of 
sin to feel." 

Sometimes she was tempted to impatience. 
Everything would seem to go wrong. A lesson would 
take unusual time. Still amid the peculiar trials 
of a student's life, she found her Bedeemer able to 
keep in the hour of conflict, and to save her from 
impatience^ one of her besetting sins. She felt in- 

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creasingly that her personal interests were identified 
with the interests of the Redeemer's kingdom upon 
earth. Her constant desire was that she might be 
enabled through grace divine to win some precious 
souls to Christ. 

Miss Hardy found tests here unknown before. 
She was a Methodist, and as such had ever under- 
stood it to be the privilege of all, both men and 
women, to take part in the social means of grace. 
What was her surprise then, when not a woman's 
voice was heard in prayer. One, two, three weeks 
passed and still the sisters were silent, save in sing- 
ing and an occasional brief testimony. 

She thought the matter over and realized that 
she would lose her experience were she untrue to the 
vows she had made. She decided that if she were 
obliged to stand alone, she would do her duty in the 
love and fear of God. Oh, how she was blessed and 
encouraged as she bore her cross ! One young lady 
was converted and a young man sanctified as a 
direct result of her faithfulness, at this time. But 
during her first term in Lima, only three prayers 
were offered by any woman except herself in the 
weekly prayer meeting. 

The next term of school new students came, some 
of them from those charges in the Genesee confer- 
ence where holiness was beginning to be preached 
again by a Roberts, a Stiles, a Thomas, or a Kendall. 
The number of those professing holiness was in- 
creased and it was thought best to have a meeting 
for holiness at five o'clock Sunday morning during 
the fall and spring terms, and at half past five 
during the winter term. Student prayer meetings 

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were also held on Monday and Saturday evenings 
from six to seven. These were all seasons of profit 
and blessing. 

The Sabbath was to Miss Hardy a day of delight- 
ful service. She seldom failed to be present at the 
five o'clock prayer meeting held in the seminary. 
Then came the Bible class at nine, followed by the 
regular preaching service at the village church, 
which all the students were expected to attend. In 
the afternoon at three o'clock another service was 
held, and again a prayer meeting at six o'clock, be- 
sides the evening meeting at the church. 

On Monday morning it was customary for the 
preceptress to meet all of the young ladies at what 
was called "Church Roll.'* Besides the report as to 
church attendance, several of the young ladies were 
appointed each week to prepare papers to be read 
the following Monday morning. 

When Miss Hardy was appointed, instead of 
making it an occasion to win distinction, she in- 
quired, "Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" Her 
one desire was that she might write something that 
would be a benefit both to herself and to her asso- 

She selected for her theme, "Conversation.'' In 
the treatment of her subject she dwelt at length upon 
light and trifling conversation, unmeaning expres- 
sions, etc. It was, in short, an essay upon the abuse 
of the great blessing — Conversation. The following 
is an extract from this article : 

"That the tongue is an unruly member is an old 
adage universally received as truth in the various 

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ethical theories of the present day. But, with the 
many other branches of these theories, it is not prac- 
tically considered as truth, for not many are found 
who do not glory in the fractious freaks of this un- 
ruly member. Some will even go so far as to defend 
its rights by saying that we have inherited freedom 
of speech from our valiant sires, and strong must 
be that arm that would usurp our rights. 

"But, if we mistake not, the heroic purchasers of 
freedom contended only for the right use of the 
tongue, therefore no liberty was purchased by their 
blood to waste hours or even minutes of precious 
time in idle conversation. 

"The practise of light and trifling conversation 
has become so universal that scarce a hand is raised 
against it, except in theory. And why is this? Its 
evil influences are becoming more and more manifest, 
and still the deadly infection is permitted to perform 
its fearful mission unheeded except by a few fana- 
tical defenders of truth (for such they are termed). 
So deplorably does this habit of speaking what we 
do not mean prevail, that we are obliged to elicit an 
avowal of sincerity from our most confidential 
friends before we know whether to believe them or 

It is needless to say that this paper attracted 
much attention and aroused considerable discus- 
sion, bringing to its author many temptations as a 

A few days after she had read the essay, in the 
course of conversation with one of her classmates, 
she indulged in one trifling expression. So tender 

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was her conscience that gloom immediately settled 
upon her mind. Instead of at once confessing her 
fault and obtaining forgiveness, she listened to the 
suggestion that so little a thing could not have had 
so powerful an effect. 

Fearing that she might be led into fanaticism 
she turned from the clear light that had shone upon 
her. As a result doubt and darkness clouded her 
spiritual life that had so long been clear and vic- 

While still in honest doubt and perplexity the 
school year closed and she returned to her home. It 
was months before she discerned the cause of her 
darkness and learned by much spiritual suffering 
that sin is sin, however small it may appear. 

While at home for the summer vacation, in the 
month of July, 1852, Miss Hardy was awakened one 
night by the cry of "Fire." In some unknown way 
the beautiful home in which she had spent so many 
happy years had caught fire and was soon to be 
wrapped in flames. 

In the midst of those exciting scenes, while neigh- 
bors and friends were assisting in trying to remove 
furniture, etc., to a place of safety, she was quiet 
and composed. She handed, piece by piece, through 
a window, a set of dishes that her mother specially 
prized, not one piece being broken. Bedding, linen, 
and valuable papers were all remembered by her, 
while others, in their wild excitement, "threw look- 
ing-glasses out the window, and carried feather-beds 
down stairs." 

After it was all over her nerves gave way, having 
received a shock from which she never fully re- 

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covered. Her father was dazed and wandered about 
the ruins of the home that had cost the toil of many 
years^ and never regained his former hopefulness and 
courage. A barn was hastily erected for a temporary 
shelter and Harvey, laying aside his own plans, took 
the entire responsibility of overseeing and assisting 
in the erection of the new home. 

This misfortune made it impossible for Miss 
Hardy to return to Lima the following fall. Instead 
of pursuing her studies, as she so much desired, she 
accepted the position of assistant principal and pri- 
mary teacher in the village school at Castile, of 
which her brother Harvey had been appointed prin- 

The path of duty seemed unusually indistinct to 
her, and dark clouds hung over her prospect of use- 
fulness in that place. She felt so weak and ineffi- 
cient, and saw so much to be done that her whole 
nature shrank from the responsibilities of such a 
position as she felt assured she must occupy. Yet 
she was enabled to trust tremblingly in the Lord to 
direct her steps. 

Time passed on and she found herself occupying 
a very responsible position, yet possessing but little 
moral strength compared with what she felt it her 
privilege to enjoy. She felt an increased hungering 
and thirsting for the victory she had formerly pos- 

Day after day passed and still her soul-struggles 
continued, until Tuesday, January 25, 1853. That 
day when she returned from school to her boarding 
place at noon, she found two letters from two deeply 
devoted young ladies at Lima. Prom these letters 

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she learned that a glorious revival of Bible Chris- 
tianity was in progress there. 

Although her heart rejoiced at such good news, 
Satan made it a source of powerful temptation. She 
had expected to be with those dear friends that 
winter, but she had been providentially hindered. 
Satan tempted her to murmur against God for per- 
mitting her to be in such a spiritual desert as she 
found Castile to be, while she might have been en- 
joying such glorious victories in Lima. 

For a few moments the suggestions assumed 
quite a plausible appearance, but soon the gentle 
chidings of the Holy Spirit assured her how ungrate- 
ful it would be for her to indulge in such a spirit, 
and in glowing characters presented to her view the 
victories she might there achieve, if she would but 
let the Lord use her in his own way. 

She was permitted to have a view of God's power 
to accomplish glorious results through feeble instru- 
mentalities, and was made to feel that it was not by 
might nor by power, but by the Spirit of the Lord 
alone that the work of revival could be promoted in 
any place, but specially in Castile. 

Prom this time she began to pray, with an earnest 
willingness to obey, that God would make her use- 
ful in Castile. She felt a gradual sinking down at 
the foot of the cross, and an increased trust in her 
Savior for power to do all his bidding. 

The following Thursday evening, at the prayer 
meeting the Lord came in power to her heart. She 
began to pray, but soon her emotions overcame her 
and she could only weep before the Lord. When 
an opportunity was given she was much blessed in 

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testifying^ but not until Sabbath evening was she 
able to realize again the clear witness of the cleans- 
ing of her heart by faith. 

On the Tuesday evening of the next week, Feb- 
ruary first, her heart was filled to overflowing with 
the love of God. This was the most memorable bless- 
ing of her life thus far, and that date was ever re- 
membered as a time of the peculiar manifestation of 
the Lord to her heart. 

About this time she came more directly under 
the influence of the elderly minister who had led 
her into the experience of holiness some years pre- 
vious. He became like a father to her, encouraging 
her to counsel freely with him in all matters that 
concerned her well-being. 

Naturally timid and reserved, few and well-tried 
must those be in whom she felt sufQcient confidence 
to open her heart, and disclose her inmost longings 
and peculiar temptations. But to this friend her 
heart turned in artless simplicity, treasuring his ad- 
vice and following his suggestions. 

If she had but had his fatherly counsel sooner, 
the fifteen long months of spiritual darkness might, 
in part, at least, have been avoided. 

In speaking of her prolonged trial he encouraged 
her by writing : "I almost wonder that you have 
not faltered and sunk into the common mass of pro- 
fessors while cut off from some important helps in 
these seasons of trial, but God has marvelously pre- 
served you through this severe and protracted dis- 

"O, how precious to you is this fresh and brilliant 
sunlight that breaks upon you again from 4)ehind a 

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cloud so dark and portentous. All hail! the sunny 
morning that cheers a pilgrim who has painfully 
watched away a long night of tears/' i 

This same friend encouraged her in her literary 
work, criticizing her letters as to style, construc- 
tion, spelling, etc. He urged her to write for pub- 
lication in the following words : 

"Do not shrink from using your pen for the 
Lord. That bestowment of grace ought not to be 
pent up in so narrow a compass. Write, write, 
write. The more you write the better you can do so, 
and the more you will delight in it. Correspond 
with all you can, but write on given topics also. 
Take the moment when thought is clear and inspira- 
tion full. Strike down the flying, burning thoughts 
and lay aside until you have time to revise, prune, 
or enlarge. Study conciseness and point. Use much 
time alone in coining metaphors and illustrations. 
The various branches of science will furnish an in- 
exhaustible store. Bead, think, pray, talk, reason. 
Keep all on the altar. I have feared that tempta- 
tions to ambition and distinction might dim your 
spiritual vision, so that you would cease to diffuse 
that clear, heavenly light which has radiated from 
you in time past; but thus far you have endured 
the ordeal. O keep to the cross, rely on nothing for 
power but the direct energy of the Holy Ghost. 
Learning may be a channel of communication for 
power, but it is not power itself. The soul's true 
energy lies in divine strength. How pungent truth 
becomes when clothed with the Holy Spirit. Let 
your faith incessantly lay hold on Christ." 

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School Days at Lima — Continued* 

In the spring of 1853, at the close of the school in 
Castile, Miss Hardy resumed her studies at Lima. 
Here she was associated with many congenial spirits. 
A number of holiness students roomed in one block, 
so many that it became known as "Pilgrim Block," 
and the students were called the "Pilgrim Band." 

There was much opposition, among both faculty 
and students, to the experience of holiness and a 
vital godliness that produced separation from the 
world. So great was this opposition (the same that 
was being felt throughout the Genesee conference) 
that it caused a division in the school and led to the 
removal by the trustees of Doctor Tefft and Profes- 
sor Whitlock, two of the most devoted members of 
the faculty. 

The Geneseeum, an organization of college stu- 
dents, withdrew from the school on account of this 

Those were stormy days. The battle was set in 
array, and the spirit of allegiance to truth and 
righteousness marshalled the holiness forces and 
developed true soldiers of the cross. 

Prayer meetings were held at every opportunity, 
and the burden for the triumph of righteousness and 
the salvation and sanctification of the students 


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From a daguerreotype taken during 

school days at Lima. 

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rested heavily upon the hearts of the ^Tilgrim 

Meetings were often held in the "Pilgrim Block," 
where Miss Hardy roomed. An account of one eve- 
ning will serve to show the spirit of earnestness that 
placed the salvation of souls beyond every other in- 

In the early part of this evening Brother J. K. 
Tinkham called at Miss Hardy's room. After some 
time spent in conversation about the work of God, 
he proposed prayer. 

Miss Hardy and her room-mates united with him, 
while others, returning from class-meeting, hearing 
the voice of prayer, came in. The other students 
rooming in the building were invited to join them. 
Praying and singing continued until Brother Tink- 
ham was obliged to leave, and the meeting closed. 
All but two or three had gone, when a Baptist stu- 
dent who had long been awakened upon the subject 
of holiness, felt so deeply the need of the blessing 
that she asked those remaining to pray for her. They 
knelt in prayer and pleaded for her, with that faith 
that takes God at his word. After an intense strug- 
gle of spirit, as she consecrated to take Christ with 
reproach) for her portion she received the blessing 
she had been seeking. 

While praises to God were rising, like sweet in- 
cense from all their hearts, another student came in 
who had once enjoyed religion. When Miss Hardy 
asked her if she wished to be saved then, she replied 
that she did, and all again knelt in prayer. After a 
desperate struggle she gave up her gold and worldly 
adornments that had been the means of her losing 

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her experience. Soon she ventured^ by faith to cast 
herself upon Jesus as her Savior^ and felt all her 
sins washed away. 

Scarcely had they begun to praise God for what 
he had done than another student came in who had 
long been seeking for a clean heart. During the sea- 
son of prayer that followed, this sister was enabled, 
after being tossed about by fierce temptations, to 
venture fully upon the atoning blood. She found 
the long-sought blessing by simple faith in Jesus. 

Thus this memorable evening closed with thanks- 
giving and an increased desire for the salvation of 

The following evening another hungry soul came, 
and the next night others, and so the work went 

Notwithstanding the casual observer might pro- 
nounce Lima spiritually dead, there was a little 
band which, Gideon-like, was invincible. 

One evening the students assembled in the East 
Chapel for the regular six o'clock prayer service. The 
meeting commenced very dull and continued to in- 
crease in dulness for about half an hour, when the 
bell rang for literary exercises in the large chapel. 
Three-fourths of those present left the room. No 
sooner had they left than one of the students com- 
menced exhorting with much power, saying he was 
determined to have victory or death. Another stu- 
dent expressed a similar desperation of faith. 

In a few moments a sister sitting beside Miss 
Hardy, who had recently regained the witness of 
holiness, began shouting and fell to the floor, over- 
powered with the divine presence. 

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The two young men that had previously spoken, 
walked back and forth, praising the Lord with loud 
voices. Unsaved students came rushing in to see 
what was the matter, much as on the day of Pente- 

A young man entered who had lost the blessing 
of holiness. He was called upon to pray and was 
soon shouting the praises of God. The Spirit so 
came upon him that he could not go to his room 
without assistance. There he became so overpowered 
with the presence of God that he lay unconscious 
during all the next day. The unsaved would go to 
his room, turn pale, and go away. Some of the stout- 
hearted ones went so far as to give him a cold bath, 
thinking that would restore him to consciousness, 
but it did no good. 

At another time a few students had been meeting 
to pray for a revival, when suddenly the Holy Spirit 
came in power. Some fell as though dead, others 
shouted the praises of God with a loud voice. The 
sound was heard by all around. Deep conviction 
rested upon the unsaved so that at the next meeting 
the room was filled to overflowing, and a number 
were seeking religion. 

To the surprise of all, the principal and another 
minister were present. The principal took charge 
of the meeting and gave quite a talk about things 
being done in an orderly manner. He closed by re- 
moving the meeting to the most secluded room in the 
seminary, where if anybody shouted they could not 
be heard far away. 

Miss Hardy being now in her senior year, and 
taking an active part in all these services, began to 

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feel increasingly the reproach of the cross ; still she 
remained faithful to her convictions. 

An opposer of holiness, thinking to receive some 
unfavorable answer, asked one of the professors to 
whom she recited if he had noticed how peculiarly 
she dressed. To the surprise of the questioner he 
replied that he observed she was always becomingly 

Again, another professor, being questioned as to 
her ability replied, *'Miss Hardy is a woman to be 
depended upon in an emergency." 

Although she attended so many prayer meetings 
and was ever ready to pray with a seeking soul, still 
her studies were not neglected and she kept her 
place in the front ranks. 

As she mingled in receptions and other social 
gatherings she had an opportunity for testing the 
position she had taken with reference to dress, but 
she found in her heart no inclination to regret being 
scrupulously plain. She felt grieved to see both 
those professing religion and those unsaved mingling 
in social pleasures as though God were for the time 
being forgotten. Yet there were times of genuine 
social enjoyment, when a company of saved students 
would meet for conversation and friendly inter- 

It was the custom for a band of holiness students 
to go to some nearby appointment, wherever a quar- 
terly meeting or a revival was in progress, and assist 
in the meetings over the Sabbath. Miss Hardy was 
frequently among this number. The blessing of the 
Lord continued to rest upon her, drawing her nearer 
and nearer to her Master. As new light shone in 

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the midst of the spiritual battles that were being 
fought, her consecration deepened. She welcomed 
the precious light that continued to beam upon her 
soul. How narrow, how exceedingly narrow did the 
way of life appear. She felt in a deeper sense what 
it meant to follow Jesus. As the glory of the way 
cast up for the ransomed was revealed, the crosses, 
too, were not hidden. The Holy Spirit at one time 
seemed to direct her attention to the path in which 
she had walked and, as she saw the gradual rising 
into prominence which she had experienced, that 
same Spirit seemed to picture to her mind the pano- 
rama of her future path, should she continue faith- 
ful. The narrow way in which she was still trying 
to walk, in its forward course, kept gradually rising 
up, up, until she saw herself a traveler therein stand- 
ing as a monument for the passer by to gaze upon. 
The position appeared to her no less prominent than 
the pulpit, although she did not then feel she would 
ever occupy the sacred desk. However, the question 
arose, whether she would be willing to stand with 
the watchmen upon the battlements of Zion and 
blow the gospel trumpet. 

She had thought of the subject before, but never 
without feeling a deep abhorrence to the thought, but 
now she felt to say with all her heart, "O Jesus, 
*Only thou my leader be, and I still will follow 
thee,' " even though the path lead to that apparently 
inappropriate position for a woman to occupy. 

The impression lingered upon her mind that the 
Lord was about to lead her out to labor in a more 
prominent manner than ever before. 

A short time after this consecration, she was 

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spending a week's vacation assisting in meetings held 
near Lima. Then, in an unexpected manner, her 
consecration was tested. On Sunday morning, March 
12, 1854, at Covington, after listening to the sermon, 
the impression came to her to speak out some of 
the feelings of her heart at the close of the sermon, 
in the public congregation. The cross was presented 
to her mind, apparently allowing her to act her own 
pleasure about bearing it. She did not feel that she 
would be condemned if she remained silent, but the 
impression was that if she did take this cross, she 
would receive strength to labor in the following meet- 
ings, if not, she would be comparatively powerless. 

Many things were presented to her mind as rea- 
sons for bearing the cross, but she shrank back ; the 
position seemed so strange to her, it could not be 
duty. While she did not feel condemnation, the 
approving smiles of her Heavenly Father did not 
rest as fully upon her as they had previously done. 

The following week was one of conflict, and she 
did not feel the assistance of the Spirit in the meet- 
ings held from day to day. 

The Sabbath came. She attended service at 
Burke Hill, and the question constantly arose, "Will 
you be willing to rise in the congregation this after- 
noon if the Holy Spirit leads?" She dare not prom- 
ise to do this, neither did she dare to refuse. 

The afternoon came. Brother Kendall com- 
menced reading Wesley's thoughts on dress. A kind 
of satisfaction passed over her mind as she thought 
it would certainly not be duty to speak under such 

As Brother Kendall continued to read, the ques- 

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tion came with more and more power. There was no 
choice left this time. It was obey or disobey. She 
felt she dare not disobey, but, O, how could she? It 
seemed like death to take that cross. She thought if 
both would equally glorify God she would prefer 

At last she arose, although it was not until after 
singing, as the benediction was about to be pro- 
nounced. After hesitating so long, she had no free- 
dom in speaking. As soon as she resumed her seat, 
temptations to murmur against God for requiring 
such a duty of her seemed almost irresistible. Never 
before had she experienced such a struggle. 

The decisions of that hour with reference to a 
future bearing of that cross seemed to her a choice 
between heaven and hell. She came to a partial 
decision that if she could have God in no other way, 
she would obey. She returned to Lima, and the con- 
flict was renewed with increasing power. She felt 
that such a course would be regarded by many, even 
those who had confidence in her, as out of place and 
fanatical. She valued her reputation too highly to 
be willing to incur the disapprobation of those whose 
approval she prized next to that of her Heavenly 
Father. She must have such evidence of its being 
the will of God as would put all doubt to flight. 

She struggled on. At times the conflict was so 
severe that it seemed death itself would be a relief. 
She felt it was not to be a passive, conditional 
submission, but an active submission to obey at all 

At last, one Saturday morning, April 8th, she 
went to her room with the determination to have the 

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matter settled. Oh, the agony of that hour! It 
seemed as though soul and body would part in the 
struggle. Her soul was in its Gethsemane. An inti- 
mate friend, hearing her sobs and groans came in 
and, but for her earnest intercessions, the conflict 
must have been too great for human strength to 

This consecration to be God's faithful toitness 
anywhere and everywhere he required, to her meant 
death to all earthly friends. No one she had ever 
known had been called to take such a conspicuous 
place. Her timid, retiring disposition shrank from 
any course that would make her prominent. 

But could she lose the precious approval of God 
for the sake of saving her reputation? 

Long she struggled. In that hour, think you not 
that the Son of God himself was present, as a de- 
cision was being made that would enlist a soldier 
on the side of righteousness, one that could be de- 
pended upon in the hottest battle? 

At last, praise God, she was enabled to say and 
feel all through her soul, "I will be obedient, though 
the result be death itself." This was a martyr's 
consecration, and it was never broken. 

No sooner had she given up every earthly friend 
and prospect, than the glory of heaven filled her soul. 
Deep peace pervaded her entire being; her foes were 
all vanquished and Jesus reigned supreme. Little 
did she think then how soon her consecration w:ould 
be tested to the uttermost. 

That evening a company of pilgrim students met 
in her room to prevail with God for his coming in 
the services of the Sabbath. After a prolonged sea- 

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Bon of intercession the assurance came that their 
prayers had been heard. 

In the morning when she awoke, the whole village 
seemed filled with the presence of God; so much 
so that some who knew nothing of the meeting the 
previous evening, felt that God would display his 
power that day. 

Miss Hardy went to church as usual, accom- 
panied by her room-mates. The sexton assigned 
them the front one of the body seats, a place they 
had never occupied before. Miss Hardy had no 
thought of any special duty until during the open- 
ing prayer. Then the Holy Spirit whispered, "You 
must be my witness and arise and speak to the con- 
gregation before the sermon, as utterance shall be 
given you." 

She questioned, "Can it be duty to rise at such 
an unseasonable time? Why should I speak before 
the sermon?" 

An immediate response was given by the Spirit, 
and she saw clearly that then was the right time. 

Now sh> felt no inclination to shrink from the 
cross, although it was to be borne before college 
professors, students and classmates. The victory 
had been won. After the second hymn was sung 
she remained standing and asked the pastor. Brother 
Adams, for the privilege of saying a few words. He 
made no reply although she repeated the request. 
He had risen to commence his sermon, but as Miss 
Hardy began speaking he sat down. As she contin- 
ued speaking the presence of the Lord was felt in 
power, and the tr ith was blessed to many hearts. 
It was indeed a time of heavenly glory. Two others 

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followed her in testimony, and then the pastor com- 
menced his sermon. He was wonderfully helped, 
the Holy Spirit resting upon the congregation in 
an unusual manner. Miss Hardy felt as never be- 
fore the enduement of divine power, although she 
was pronounced insane by some, and by others was 
regarded as a fanatic. 

Of the trying days that followed she writes: **I 
have had some hard struggles to keep my little repu- 
tation upon the altar of sacrifice, but the Lord has 
given me perfect victory over all. My reputation 
as a student, I believe, is fully given to the Lord. I 
have not had one temptation to think I was not in 
the path of duty Sabbath morning, nor do I doubt 
that duty calls me to bear many such crosses. I 
never had such intimate communion with God or 
such strong confidence in him. O, shall I ever grieve 
him more? I do love the will of God." 

A friend who had known her for some years thus 
speaks of her at this time: 

"How astonishing is the power of grace! Who 
could have believed five years ago that trembling, 
timid, Mariet would ever dare to stand up in the 
face of seminary and college faculties at Lima and 
vindicate the broad, stern, sweeping claims of the 
Lord Jesus on a redeemed soul. That she would dare 
to talk out from a full heart such depths of experi- 
ence as would put all worldly glory utterly in the 
shade, and place the very reproach of Christ at the 
highest altitude of Christian attainment. Yet so it 
is. The voice to which I listened years since, when 
in half -smothered tones it spoke of burning aspira- 
tions within, has rung its clarion note of victory 

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above the stormy elements in the very heat of 

"But it is all of grace — Mariet is gone. She lives 
indeed, but not Mariet, Christ lives in her." Thus 
was God glorified through her submission to the 
will divine. 

But final victory had not yet turned on the side 
of holiness, although the little band of faithful ones 
continued pleading and contending earnestly for 
this. The Thursday evening following that memor- 
able Sabbath, at the regular church prayer meeting, 
the Holy Spirit came in power. Shouts and praises 
were heard for some distance. This so annoyed some 
that when another meeting was announced for the 
next evening the church was locked at the time ap- 
pointed. However, a service was held at a private 

In the midst of this conflict Eev. Pay H. Purdy, 
who had been previously invited by the official board 
to hold revival meetings there, commenced his meet- 
ings. The blessing of the Lord was upon these serv- 
ices and many were saved and sanctified through his 
instrumentality. Those who had been proud and 
worldly became humble, active followers of Jesus. 

But Brother Purdy was so violently opposed 
during the three weeks of his preaching, that he 
thought it not best to continue the meetings longer. 

The cause of holiness, however, triumphed to some 
extent. There were at least fifty consistent wit- 
nesses to this experience, and such spiritual meet- 
ings continued to be held in Lima after the close of 
the revival as had not been known for years. 

The school year was now drawing to a close and 

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with it Miss Hardy's life as a student there. She 
loved her alma mater; to her it was ever a precious 
spot. The careful training and mental discipline 
received, together with the rich stores of knowledge 
gathered during the years spent there, were a heri- 
tage which inspired increasing gratitude as the 
years passed by. 

Throughout her school life she had been making 
careful preparation for the duties of a Christian 
teacher. Yet at times opportunities were offered her 
to gain literary prominence and many were her temp- 
tations to aspire to worldly honors. Still, amid all 
these temptations, she was protected by power divine. 

She had been a faithful, conscientious student, 
and when the scholarship of her class was an- 
nounced, she was found to stand at the head. This 
was the place of honor and as such entitled the suc- 
cessful candidate to be the valedictorian of the class. 

When Miss Hardy was deprived of this distinc- 
tion to which she was justly entitled, simply because 
she had dared to do right, the temptations that came 
to her were at first almost more than she could bear. 
But grace triumphed in a wonderful manner and 
these words were whispered to her grieved spirit, 
**Before honor is humility." She was enabled to 
thank God with all her heart for this trying experi- 
ence. She writes that she afterward realized more 
real advantage from the discipline gained, than she 
would have received from a hundred valedictories. 

She was appointed to give the salutatory, and in 
a pleasing manner she welcomed the guests to the 
anniversary exercises of the seminary class of '54. 

Later on the program came her graduating essay 

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which she read. It was not thought proper in those 

days for a lady to speak on public occasions without 


• She had labored long upon that article, spending 

two hours of careful thought upon the first sentence 


This production is here given as a fitting close 
to her life as a student : 

Who Lives? 

Life is an impenetrable mystery. Vainly has the 
philosopher of ancient or modern lore sought to 
originate some theory by which to account for the 
living essence which pervades all animate nature; 
his pentrating gaze has not discerned life's mystic 
fabric. Finite can not fathom infinite. But life is. 

Intuition reveals what philosophy can not 

Life in its manifestations, sustains a threefold 
character: physical, intellectual and spiritual. 

Physical life pervades the mortal part of all that 
is: intellectual life makes man creation's lord: and 
spiritual life allies him to the Deity. 

Of all animate beings that inhabit the earth, man 
alone is susceptible of life in its threefold character. 

He only is possessed of body, soul and spirit. 
Creation's eighth morning found man possessor of 
this heavenly trio in its primitive purity and beauty. 

A body of curiously wrought mechanism, as a 
citadel of the inventing, perceiving mind and the 
decreeing will, acted well its part. Mind was not 
clogged by matter then, but all harmoniously the 

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body, soul and spirit of creation's crowning glory 
united^ forming a being capable of enjoying the 
pleasures of sense, the intricacies of philosophy, and 
the presence of God. Nature's loveliest garden wel- 
comed to its sacred retreats this new workmanship 
of Deity. 

In Eden's bowers man lived not a physical or 
an intellectual life merely, but these were subject to 
the higher, — the spiritual life, and all bowed in 
reverential awe before their great Originator. 

But did this true life continue? Did the spirit al- 
ways rule the body and soul of man? Ah, no! 
Through sin's destructive influence another era 
dawned upon the human race. The spiritual nature 
of man no longer triumphed, but the physical now 

Man ate to live when he first plucked the fruits 
of Paradise; but now he lives to eat. With Epicurean 
note he sings, "Live while ye live," nor dream of 
deeper joys than those of sense. 

Time passed ; the glimmer of reason's star pointed 
man to a higher, a nobler destiny. Another era 
dawned upon him. The God-like powers within 
struggled for preeminence and here and there they 
triumphed. Men rose from among their fellows like 
beacon lights to guide their degraded brethren to 
the Pierian spring of intellectual bliss. 

The Socratic age with its philosophy, poetry and 
eloquence was the triumph of the intellectual pow- 
ers of man over the physical and moral. Nor was 
that triumph brief. Long years passed before Gre- 
cian glory became dimmed by the defacing hand of 
time, and its influence is still felt by man. Season 

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illumittated nature's mysterious page and revealed 
to man's astonished vision some shadowings of the 
spiritual glory so long obscured. But dimly indeed 
were those shadowings seen by the light of reason. 
The mystery of Deity remained unfathomed still. 
But the moral, the nobler powers, gained audience 
in the living citadel; and doubt and darkness fled 
away when, unsatisfied with the joys of sense or with 
intellectual glory, man sought converse with his 

An instant response came echoing back. God 
spake. A living Word showed forth his power, and 
alienated man gave audience. 

'Twas then another era dawned upon the human 
race. Heralded by angelic choristers the meek babe 
of Bethlehem came to reinstate the spirit over soul 
and body. Such was the mission of the despised 
Nazarene. It was not the supremacy of physical or 
intellectual ability that cost the sufferings of an in- 
carnate God, but it was the triumph of those pow- 
ers which allied man to Deity. Could these have tri- 
umphed by the aid of reason only, as some have false- 
ly taught, would Infinite Wisdom have interposed 
with so great a sacrifice? Nay, let infidelity blush 
and hide itself, while angels wonder and desire to 
look within a plan so glorious. 

The triumph of spirit has come. Again the trio, 
redeemed by the blood of the Crucified, bows in 
adoration before the eternal throne and exclaims, 
"There is a God above, below, around, within." 

We pause and ask again, Who lives? Is it he 
who revels in the joys of sense and forgets the im- 
mortality within? Or is it he who seeks by reason's 

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uncertain light alone to guide his tiny barque over 
the rough seas of passion to the Elysian of his 

Nay, he only lives in whom the physical, intel- 
lectual and moral powers retain their appropriate 
place, all harmonizing with the Divine. But is this 
reign universal? Are the body, and soul everywhere 
subject to the spirit? Not yet; but the perfect tri- 
umph shall come. The cross speaks not in vain ; its 
renovating power is felt and will continue to be felt 
by man until the dawn of the millenial day, when all 
shall live. 

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The Venture. 

The excitement of anniversary week was over 
and Miss Hardy returned once more to her home. 
Daring the following summer she was busied with 
every-day home cares. Her strength was frail, and 
often her daily duties were such that her physical 
energies were well nigh exhausted. But under these 
changed circumstances grace abounded to supply 
her every need. 

Early in September she enjoyed the privilege of 
attending the Genesee Methodist Episcopal confer- 
ence, held at Warsaw, New York, over which Bishop 
Janes presided. 

No sermon to which she had previously listened 
was to her equal in value to the Bishop's sermon on 
Sabbath morning. She felt that he occupied a 
responsible position in the church of her choice and 
that what he taught would be reliable Methodist 
doctrine. She listened with eagerness and with all 
the concentration of mind possible to know if indeed 
the views she entertained respecting her duty and 
the duty of all Methodists were similar to those of 
the Bishop. 

When she heard sentiments so perfectly har- 
monious with those she had been lead to believe, the 
effect upon her mind was comforting indeed. She 


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had such a view of Ood's mercy and goodness to her 
in permitting the light to shine thus clearly upon her 
soul as humbled her and led her to exalt the Savior. 
Her emotions were indescribable when the Bishop, 
discoursing from the text, ^^I am not ashamed of the 
gospel of Christ" (Bom. 1:16), alluded to the evi- 
dences of Christianity, — that Paul was not ashamed 
of them. Her mind instantly reverted to the sure 
foundation Christianity had, as illustrated by 
Paley, Larrabie, and Butler, and she felt like respond- 
ing, "The basis of Christianity is the *Bock of Ages.' " 

She realized as never before the benefit of the 
knowledge she had been laboring to acquire during 
the past few years. 

She left the church at the close of that eloquent 
and spiritual address feeling more deeply than ever 
before that she was not ashamed of the gospel of 
Christ, of its evidences, its crosses, it persecutions, 
its experiences, nor of being a witness to its truth- 
fulness. She felt that nothing but a revival of 
primitive power, zeal, faith and holiness, would save 
the church from lifeless formality, and bring it up 
to the standard of that sermon. 

Her heart prayed, "O my Heavenly Father, wilt 
thou empower me anew to be a Methodist, a Bible 
Christian, showing forth before all with whom I 
mingle the glory of him who hath called me out 
of darkness, into his marvelous light. Keep me, I 
pray thee, from taking one backward step, but lead 
me on from conquering to conquer." 

Her soul by the eye of faith looked far beyond the 
bounds of time to the final triumph and exclaimed, 
"O I shall be with the innumerable band of white- 

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robed ones^ who shall come up through great tribu- 
lation. I am well aware that I shall meet opposing 
influences on every hand^ if I live godly in Christ 
Jesus. The religion of the cross is no more popular 
now than it was in the days of the apostles. I feel 
like urging an uncompromising warfare with sin in 
every form. O may I but pass through this world 
with garments free from all defilement, and leave 
an influence for holiness and God that shall live 
while time shall last." 

At this time she was passing through severe con- 
flicts with reference to her future work. When she 
left school she had expected to begin teaching in 
the early fall, but no door opened. Her soul was 
longing for usefulness, but her various plans were 
unsuccessful. Even the half-formed plan of being 
useful by writing for publication was frustrated by 
her articles not being published. — (She afterwards 
learned that this was not because the articles were 
not acceptable). 

What could she do? How could all this be recon- 
ciled with the belief in a superintending Providence? 
There was an almost irresistible power in the temp- 
tations to distrust God's providential care. Satan 
taunted her with her financial condition, and in- 
sisted that no way would open for her. The conflict 
was severe, but she was enabled to realize that In- 
finite Wisdom would do all things well. Sweetness 
and rest filled her soul, as she was assured that 
"Those also serve who only stand and wait.'^ 

Still her way seemed hedged in on every side. 
In years past she had labored faithfully for the sal- 
vation of souls in her neighborhood and home town, 

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but the gracious influences of the Holy Spirit had 
been hindered so many times that she had felt it was 
useless for her to make any further effort to arouse 
the church to their great responsibility. 

One afternoon, in a neighborhood sewing society, 
an article was read in which the passage of scrip- 
ture was quoted, "Why stand ye here all the day 
idle? Because no man hath hired us." These words 
were applied to Miss Hardy's mind with peculiar 
force. At once the views she had once had of what 
God could do with weak instrumentalities, were 
recalled to her mind, and the question whether she 
would be willing to stand in as prominent a place 
there as she had done elswhere, came forcibly to her 

Would she be willing to have her former asso- 
ciates say, "She has been away to school and now 
she thinks she can teach us," etc. ? Her whole being 
shrank from such a position and she longed for a 
place unknown and unseen by mortal- eye, where 
she might labor for the Master. But the burden was 
increasing upon her heart with reference to the con- 
dition of the unsaved in her home town, until she 
could only weep before the Lord and say, *^Here am 
I, send me." 

About this time she was urged by friends to open 
a select school for young ladies in Gainesville, her 
home town. She had even tried to obtain a con- 
venient room, but had been unsuccessful. Her 
brother Harvey offered to buy a house and lot in 
the village and let her do what she could at school- 
teaching. She thought over her circle of acquain- 
tances for one whom she could select as an associate 

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in such a school enterprise and her mind was drawn 
toward Cynthia Eldrige, a Baptist young lady, as the 
one best fitted for a helper, since she possessed a good 
education, and had also been a successful district 
school teacher in the town. Moreover, she was a 
confidential friend and one of the two young ladies 
whose example had done so much toward helping 
her heavenward in her early experience. 

Miss Hardy suggested to Miss Eldrige that she 
be a joint partner with her in such a school. At the 
time no reply had been given, and her brother had 
meantime given up the plan as impracticable. 

One afternoon as these two young ladies were 
returning from a visit in the neighborhood. Miss 
Eldrige casually remarked that she had become quite 
interested in the idea of their unitedly buying the 
house and lot on their own responsibility and open- 
ing such a school as Miss Hardy had been contem- 
plating. A train of thought was immediately sug- 
gested to Miss Hardy's mind, which soon resulted 
in the purchase of the house and lot and the opening 
of a school in Gainesville for young ladies. 

This was about the tenth of November, 1854, and 
within one week the school numbered thirty-nine, 
with a prospect of more than fifty for the first term. 

Miss Hardy wrote an intimate friend at the close 
of the first week of school: "What can this mean? 
I am going, as did Abraham, not knowing whither. 
It is all strange to me, and yet I am perfectly satis- 
fied that I am in the right place. 

"You can hardly imagine the effect upon the pub- 
lic mind which is already manifest. Scholars come 
here in preference to going elsewhere, even without 

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any advertising of our infant school. Nothing but 
unlimited confidence has been manifested; every- 
thing, so far as I can see, combines to convince me 
that a nucleus may be formed here around which 
influences may easily be clustered which shall be felt 
throughout Western New York. Yet all has been 
planned and carried out in such an unthought of 
manner that if our institution should ever occupy 
an important position, I long to be there and pro- 
claim to the world that the shameful yet glorious 
cross, is the foundation of the whole. 

"O how my heart swells within me when I look 
upon this interesting group of young ladies and re- 
member that were it not for this school, many of 
them would not be storing their minds with useful 

Thus was the foundation of the Gainesville Fe- 
male Seminary laid in fear and trembling. 

It was a daring venture, for it was no easy task 
to look after the twenty-two girls boarding in that 
one ordinary dwelling house, they with the two 
teachers, making a family of twenty-four. The 
youngest, the baby of the school as she was called, 
slept in a trundle bed which was shoved in under 
the teacher's bed, during the day time. 

How carefully these girls and young ladies were 
watched over, and how tenderly was the health and 
comfort of each looked after. Every morning and 
evening they were gathered around the altar of 
prayer, this service being, to some of the number at 
least, very impressive. 

At each meal as the teacher laid aside her knife 
and fork, every pupil did the same, reciting in turn 

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a passage of scripture or some other good sentiment. 
What a task it must have been to look after and 
plan for the furnishing of the table, that each one 
might bring her share at the proper time and in 
sufficient quantity so that there would be no lack. 

At one time, a young lady brought four peach 
pies, and Miss Hardy remarked that there would 
be just enough so that each one could have a piece ; 
but alas for boarding-school mathematics! When 
dinner time came one of those pies was missing! 
Pour mischievous girls had slyly taken that pie and 
eaten it. How bad Miss Hardy felt that any of her 
pupils would do such a thing! They were lectured 
kindly on the effect such a course would have upon 
the reputation of the school, and there is no record 
of any further trouble in that direction. 

Thus it was that no opportunity was allowed to 
pass for instructing the pupils in correct conduct 
and instilling into their minds sound moral prin- 

Miss Hardy was thorough in her teaching. For 
example, in one of her grammar classes, the lesson 
for an entire week was the "active verb love." At 
the end of the week all of the class that could con- 
jugate the verb through all the modes and tenses 
were marked perfect. That class never had any more 
trouble with verbs. 

The two teachers worked together in perfect 
harmony, sharing in the duties and responsibilities. 
Each pupil was taught to rely wholly upon herself, 
no cheating, no deception, no prompting in class or 
in examinations was tolerated in any degree by the 

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The maimers of the young ladies were strictly 
looked after on the street, at church, in the school 
room and in the family. Their morning walks and 
exercises were a beneficial feature, the teachers in 
the lead and the pupils following. 

The building they occupied was soon crowded to 
overflowing. The people of the town were anxious 
that the teachers should erect a building and con- 
tinue their school on a much larger plan. 

Miss Hardy and Miss Eldrige were much in 
prayer with reference to the proposed project, their 
only desire being that they might establish a school 
for the higher education of young ladies, under 
deeply spiritual influences. They also hoped to make 
the expenses comparatively light, so that the school 
privileges might be within the reach of all. 

After much investigation, the Mount Holyoke 
plan was adopted, the entire work including cooking, 
dish- washing, sweeping, dusting, etc., was to be done 
by the students, each one working an hour a day, 
under the direction of the matron. In addition to 
this, each boarder was to pay one dollar and a quar- 
ter per week, besides a moderate tuition fee. In 
after years it was found that an incidental fee should 
have been charged to cover the "wear and tear." 

The proposition was at last hesitatingly made 
that, if the town-people would give f 1,000 toward a 
school building, they would go forward with the 
above plan. Almost before they could realize it, the 
money was subscribed and they were under obliga- 
tions to fulfil their part of the contract. The school 
was to be known as the "Gainesville Female Seioi- 

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H 5 

w .5 

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Miss Hardy's brother Harvey was a tower of 
strength, a constant adviser and assistant in all the 
planning and erection of the school building. The 
work was begun at once. It was an L-shaped struc- 
ture, three stories high and thirty feet wide, extend- 
ing sixty feet north and sixty feet east, and was 
located on a convenient corner in the central part 
of town. 

Sometime previous, in the summer of 1853, Miss 
Hardy had met Delia A. Jeff res (now Mrs. Catton), 
a most devoted and spiritual, as well as gifted young 
lady. Their hearts were united in lasting friend- 
ship at the time of their first acquaintance. They 
had often communed together concerning the deep 
things of God, Miss Hardy receiving this friend as 
a precious gift from heaven. When separated they 
had begun a correspondence which continued during 
all the years that followed. 

This young lady was secured as a teacher to as- 
sist the principals in the work of the school. They 
were also favored in securing a devoted and compe- 
tent matron. A music teacher and a drawing teacher 
completed the faculty of the new school. 

When the institution opened in the early fall, 
the number of students far exceeded their fondest 
hopes, the entire number enrolled during that year 
being one hundred and sixty-four. 

It was the constant aim of the founders to have 
a deep spiritual atmosphere in the school. Miss 
Hardy writes at this time : "How extremely difficult 
it is to blend the moral and intellectual interests of 
students, so as always to give the former the prefer- 
ence. I fear I have been too eager to have the stu- 

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dents attain a high degree of scholarship, yet we 
have two regular prayer meetings each week, besides 
morning and evening prayers. The young ladies are 
encouraged to have frequent meetings in their rooms. 
I do feel an earnest desire for the spiritual pros- 
perity of our school." 

The Bible was regularly taught, each student 
being required to prepare these lessons as a part of 
her school work. Miss Hardy had charge of this 
work and also led a prayer meeting each Sabbath 
morning in the principals' private room. 

The students attended services on the Sabbath 
at the various village churches, as their parents 

This first year, as well as those following, were 
years of care and hard labor. The government of 
the school devolved largely upon Miss Hardy, while 
Miss Eldrige, being less reserved, was more familiar 
with the students, more easily winning their affec- 
tions. The latter had entire charge of the book- 
store where all supplies for the school were to be 
purchased. Miss Hardy had the care of the day- 
book, and all other financial affairs of the school. 

Each teacher was taxed to her utmost in the 
number of branches taught. Miss Hardy at one time 
heard nine recitations each day, including French, 
German, Bhetoric, Grammar, Physiology and Pen- 
manship, beside all her other duties. 

Sometimes the principals found it difllcult to 
keep the school work running smoothly in connec- 
tion with the boarding department, the work being 
done by so many different ones. 

Some of the students were a great care, but so 

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far as can be learned not one was ever expelled or 
sent home in disgrace. The teachers had constant 
recourse to prayer, and in one or two instances at 
least, they continued all night in supplication. The 
principals, especially, were continually burdened for 
the conversion of the students. At the beginning of 
one term there were only six in the school family of 
eighty that professed religion. Talent, wealth and 
beauty were congregated there. What a field of use- 
fulness for these Christian teachers ! 

Parents, hearing of the advantages of this school, 
sent their daughters from many different states, and 

One of the Canadian girls furnished much amuse- 
ment by playing "Old England, bright gem of the 
ocean," on the piano, with all the enthusiasm of a 
loyal subject of Queen Victoria. 

Among the students enrolled in those early days 
were the daughters of Miss Hardy's sister Samantha, 
as well as those of her brothers Stephen and Lorenzo 
Dow. As early as the second year every room was 
crowded, and not one more boarder could be com- 
fortably accommodated. More teachers were em- 
ployed, and two hundred and sixty-four pupils were 
enrolled, including ninety in the boarding depart- 

Although there was an Advisory Committee, com- 
posed of six leading men and women from the vil- 
lage, still the entire responsibility of the school, its 
success or failure, rested entirely with the two prin- 
cipals. This allowed them great freedom, but also 
involved great responsibility. 

When the building was completed and furnished, 

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they found themselves about |4,000 in debt, including 
a mortgage of |2,500^ held by Mr. Harvey Hardy. 
This debt was being reduced gradually from the in- 
come of the school. The principals held the property 
in their own name and were themselves responsible 
for all financial obligations. 

Miss Hardy had a vivid sense of her duties as a 
teacher, and often trembled lest she should leave 
wrong impressions; but she did not shrink from 
duty. Her trust was in God alone. 

She writes : **0 for power to labor and wisdom to 
direct, so that the young ladies shall go out from 
this school to wield a powerful influence for good. 
God is giving us favor in the eyes of the people, but 
what matters all other prosperity without genuine 
spiritual prosperity? I feel fully determined to do 
all in my power for the spiritual welfare of the 
young ladies. It is astonishing how extensive an 
influence the school has already. All seem pleased 
with the arrangements, but how insignificant I feel 
in view of it all. I want to hide away from public 
view and do my work unseen and unknown. While 
attending a camp meeting I was introduced as prin- 
cipal of Gainesville Seminary. I felt that I wanted 
to hide my face. Our prospects in a worldly sense 
are flattering, but all indications of prosperity 
humble me in the dust, for I know it is not of human 

David Starr Jordan, the president of Leland 
Stanford Jr. University, who was brought up in the 
town of Gainesville, and who, as a special favor, re- 
ceived his college preparatory training at the semi- 
nary in company with another yoqng man, was a boy 

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about twelve years of age at this time. He speaks 
of Miss Hardy in the following words : "To me, as 
a boy, she looked fabulously strong and confident, 
in charge of the school of girls. We looked upon her 
with great reverence; she showed much earnestness 
and devotion in her conduct of the school." 

Miss Hardy was of necessity surrounded by mucli 
that tended to divert her mind. Cares and anxieties 
filled her time, so that she often missed the custom- 
ary seasons of quiet communion with God. She be- 
came very weary, and her nerves were over-taxed by 
excessive care. The constant temptation was to 
train up fine scholars at any sacrifice. The public 
literary society and the public examinations were a 
source of anxiety. It was with great diflSculty that 
the tendency toward display and unholy rivalry 
could be checked. Yet in the midst of all she kept 
the assurance of her Heavenly Father's smile and 
was never happier than when leading a seeking stu- 
dent to her Savior. 

One of the severest trials of her life came to her 
during the first year of the school. It tested to the 
utmost the consecration made at Lima on that 
memorable April day — to be God's faithful witness 
to his truth. 

It was at a time when the teachers were specially 
concerned for the work of the Lord among the people 
of the town as well as in the school. Much prayer 
was being offered for the conversion of souls. 

One Sabbath morning as the school family bowed 
at morning prayer, the spirit of the Lord rested 
upon Miss Hardy in a glorious manner. Every one 
present was melted to tears by the heavenly influ- 

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ence so richly poured upon them, and she felt at 
once that it was the preparation for some coming 

That very morning was heard the death knell of 
a young lady in the village^ and although she was 
not a student of the school, still circumstances were 
such that it seemed best for the school to attend the 
funeral in a body. This young lady, belonging to 
a prominent Universalist family in the town, died 
happy, the result, no doubt, of a trust in Christ to 
save, although the IJniversalists attributed it to a 
faith in their doctrines. 

Miss Hardy felt keenly the responsibility of al- 
lowing those under her charge to be exposed to the 
subtle influences that must of necessity be felt in 
attending a Universalist funeral and listening to 
that doctrine. She felt it would be a triumph for 
Universalism, unless the Lord should raise up some 
one to bear witness to the truth. At once the ques- 
tion came to her heart : "Will you be a witness to 
stand for God and truth?" She dared not refuse, in 
view of her former vow ; yet O, how heavy the cross 
looked! She asked that if possible, the cup might 
pass from her, yet felt like saying, in view of the 
disastrous result if the truth were not spoken, "Thy 
will be done." 

Her position seemed to her like that of Luther 
at Worms, she dare not remain at home. 

The hour came and teachers and school repaired 
to the church, where a large audience was already 

The text was, "As we have borne the image of 
the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the 

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Heavenly" (1 Corinthians 15: 49). The 8i>eaker un- 
dertook to prove that all would be saved on the 
hypothesis that St. Paul changed his theme at the 
35th verse of the chapter, "How are the dead raised 
up?" etc., from the resurrection of the body to that 
of the future condition of the soul. 

So carefully were the false arguments drawn, 
and the conclusion reached, that the congregation 
was completely enveloped in the darkness of this 
modem infidelity. 

Miss Hardy saw her duty so clearly that she dare 
not hesitate. At the close of the sermon she arose 
and asked permission to speat a few words. It 
was granted. 

Ah, the loneliness of that moment! It seemed 
as though not one breath of prayer was in the room, 
although scores of Christians were present. She 
missed the bracing influence of prayer that she had 
felt when called to witness at Lima. At first she 
was confused, but was soon enabled, through grace, 
to rise above opposing influences, and followed the 
speaker's line of thought showing the fallacy of his 
argument. She had meant to give only an exhorta- 
tion, but her mind would not be controlled. 

She had spoken but a brief moment, when her 
brother Harvey, prompted by others, came to her 
and advised her to say no more. At the same time 
a leading Universalist arose and objected to more 
being said. What could she do further? She said 
a few words in conclusion and sat down. What a 
position had she taken ! She was approved by none 
but God. Many of the students were angry, con- 
sidering themselves disgraced. They seemed to have 

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lost confidence in the one they had previously vene- 

Her beloved brother Harvey, feeling that he 
could not trust himself to speak to her personally, 
had mailed her a note in which he remarked that he 
thought it would take years for her to regain in 
infiuence what she had lost by that movement. 

She writes to an intimate friend: "I feel, I 
think, some as Elijah did, could I find some cave 
where I could retreat honorably, it would be a de- 
sirable place for me. Yet I do not feel thus for my- 
self, but because others feel disgraced. I do feel like 
glorying in the cross of Christ. I have no fear that 
the Lord will suffer my reputation to be ruined, only 
as I become with him of no reputation. I have the 
unclouded witness of purity of intention, and I can 
leave all with him. I shrink from coming in con- 
tact with the gazing throng. I am, as it were, being 
weighed in the balance of public opinion. I have 
renounced all for Jesus' sake. All I may yet be in 
the estimation of the people, I fully believe all, all, 
will be peculiarly the gift of God." 

For a short time the entire town was stirred, and 
criticism of Miss Hardy's course was heard on every 
hand. Then, suddenly, all became quiet, and soon, 
instead of censure, the various orthodox churches 
began to realize how she had stood alone as a cham- 
pion of truth, and they gathered about her with 
words of praise and commendation. 

Her students also, realizing to some extent what 
heroism she had shown, in being thus true to the 
principles of the Bible, rallied around her with a 
renewed spirit of confidence and devotion. 

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Truly, in being willing to lose her life she had 
found it. God had cared for his own. 

Still, so great had been the trial and the sense of 
loneliness that her heart instinctively exclaimed, 
"Let me go to my heavenly home, away from the 
cold criticism of the multitude. I feel that I could 
greet the stern messenger with a smile. Barely be- 
fore have I thought of the blessedness of heaven, for 
the work to be done has so occupied my thoughts; 
but since that funeral, my soul has sighed for home. 
No longer is my soul fettered to earth by one tie." 

Another great sorrow came to Miss Hardy during 
this eventful year. On the morning of February 8, 
1855, her beloved father was suddenly called from 
earth. He had gone to the village mill, apparently 
in as good health as usual, but, after handing the 
miller one sack of grain, he fell backward dead, with- 
out a struggle or a groan. 

A father's gray hairs had fallen by the hand of 
death, and she was fatherless. Nevermore would 
she behold the countenance of him who had watched 
over her in infancy, childhood and youth, with a 
solicitude felt only by a parent. 

Nevermore, while tabernacled in this earthly 
house, would she hear his voice. But the hope of 
immortality sustained her and she was comforted. 

In her journal she records her growth in grace 
during all these trying scenes. 

"Blessed Jesus, thou Bridegroom of my soul, con- 
tinue thou to dwell within, and reign unrivaled in 
this, thy temple. Without thee I'm wretched; but 
with thee I'm blessed.' The way of obedience to 
thy gentle voice, though it be that of the despised 

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cross, is dearer to me than the titled honors of earth. 

how can I sufficiently praise thee for what thou 
hast wrought in my poor heart. Once the smile of 
scorn possessed a dread to me. I feared the curled 
lip of scornful pride and withering voice of ridicule. 
My reputation, ah, with what tenacity I once clung 
to my reputation, but few can imagine. The being 
willing to be counted a fool for Jesus' sake, was the 
most humiliating of anything connected with the 
crucifixion of the carnal mind. I had fondly cher- 
ished the idea of being something in this world, but 
glory to all subduing grace! My heart at last ex- 
claimed with entire submission, *Go cherished 
schemes of earlier years.' They are gone. No lin- 
gering desire is left in my heart for the honor of 
this world. The narrow, secluded way where Jesus 
trod is now most lovely to my sight. I said no de- 
sire for honor is left. There is not, but my shrink- 
ing flesh complains when a view of the responsibil- 
ities of a public career is presented to my mind, and 

1 instinctively cry out, ^Keep me little and unknown, 
loved and prized by God alone.' I sometimes fear 
I shall yet yield and shrink from duty, so does my 
whole being dread, at times, the thought of being 
prominent. But when I hear the voice of my Be- 
loved calling to follow him through the gazing crowd 
or ranks of accusing priests and pharisaical de- 
famers, my willing heart exclaims, 'I will follow 
thee even unto death.' O that I could express the 
weight of gratitude I feel for all that Jesus has done 
for me. O my Savior, help me to show forth thy 

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A Call to Service. 

The seminary continued to prosper during the 
following years. As the cares and responsibilities 
increased, Miss Hardy's health became more and 
more aflfected. Her nerves were overtaxed by the 
continual load of care and her frail strength was 
giving way. She was, however, increasingly inter- 
ested in the work of God at Gainesville, and 
throughout the church. 

She was clothed with more power to labor for 
God than in the past. The Spirit was poured out 
upon the people, and during the revival held at this 
time she was enabled to labor in a special manner. 
Never had she exercised such strong faith before. 
It seemed that she could act for a universe of sin- 
ners. She could believe for the salvation of every 
soul, so infinite appeared the atonement and so free. 
In childlike confidence she claimed the promises. 

At this time Betsey Sherwood, one of the semi- 
nary students, was led, through Miss Hardy's pray- 
ers and efforts, into the experience of holiness. 
Betsey later became one of her most intimate and 
faithful friends. 

Miss Eldrige, her beloved friend and co-worker, 
was also enabled, after years of seeking to "Plunge 
beneath the purple flood, and rise in all the life of 


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God." Although a member of the Baptist church, 
she became a clear witness of full salvation. 

So great was the burden of soul for the work of 
God to go forward in Gainesville that Miss Hardy, 
with three other sisters, spent one entire night in 
prayer and supplication. The morning found them 
still pleading. That morning was the anniversary 
of the memorable eighth of April, when she coven- 
anted to be a faithful witness to God's truth, when- 
ever and wherever he should direct. There was no 
disposition to evade that vow, she felt like saying 
renewedly : 

"Give me thy strength, O God of power. 
Then let winds blow or thunders roar, 

Thy faithful witness will I be, 
*Tis fixed, I can do all through thee.*' 

The Spirit of God clearly indicated to her mind 
a more extensive field of usefulness than any she had 
yet occupied. When she would be called to enter it, 
she knew not, but she committed it all to God, feel- 
ing that if she might but be permitted to gather 
sheaves for her Master's garner, it would be enough. 

There was no lingering wish to be or do anything 
only as God might be honored. Her heart prayed, 
"O God, lead me in that way in which I may most 
glorify thee, though that may be, to become a poor, 
wayfaring pilgrim, having my only business here 
below to cry, ^Behold the Lamb.' I care not whether 
^Storm or sunshine be my earthly lot, bitter or sweet 
my cup.' If I may but know I am winning souls for 
thee, O Christ, it is enough." 

She looked abroad upon the work to be done be- 
fore the kingdoms of this world should become the 

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kingdoms of Christ, and her spirit burned within 
her to spread the news of a risen Savior to earth's 
remotest bounds. Still her heart lingered most 
around the Israel of God. She felt an unutterable 
yearning to see the church apprehend more fully the 
hope of her calling. She realized the deplorable 
condition of the Christian church; how the spirit 
of the world had crept in and was excluding Christ 
from the hearts of many of his professed followers. 
She felt that nothing short of the spirit that glowed 
in the martyrs could save the church from the depths 
into which it had fallen. But she also knew that 
that spirit glowed in some hearts, and that the flame 
was still spreading, though opposed as it has ever 
been, by many of the great ones of earth. 

Her own personal experience was being deepened. 
She saw such fulness in Christ, that all she had be- 
fore attained seemed but a drop in the boundless 
ocean of love. She was lost in astonishment that 
she remained so near the shore. Her soul was 
athirst for God, to be lost in the infinite ocean, to 
go down into the glorious flood of love divine. She 
felt that although God was doing for her more than 
she could ask or think, still she was, as it were, only 
realizing the starlight, compared with the glory un- 
revealed except by faith. All earthly glory was but 
a mortal breath. How time dwindled to a point and 
eternity unfolded to view as she contemplated the 
plans of God, the glory of the unseen ! 

At other times she would be assailed by the fiery 
darts of the enemy, being left with such an absence 
of emotion that she could scarcely tell whether she 
loved Qod or not. But, after days of walking by 

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faith, the clouds would disperse and peaice would 
reign throughout all her borders. 

Miss Hardy's most intimate friends now began 
to feel that God was calling her to another field of 
labor. She was nowhere so much in her element as 
when leading sinners to the cross, or believers to the 
fountain of cleansing. Sometimes, when busied 
with school duties, her mind would be almost un- 
consciously longing to be laboring more directly 
for the salvation of souls. The growing conviction 
upon her heart that she was soon to have a different 
work, was strengthened by letters from those who 
had known her for years and with whom she coun- 
seled freely. 

One writes, "I could not believe when you opened 
your school, that your life work was to be there. 
Spiritual impulses have been at work in your heart 
for years that have pointed another way. Your 
present employment may be a process of moral as 
well as mental discipline, to fit you for another 
sphere, but God has so endued you with a power to 
labor for the spiritual good of others that he will 
lead you where your whole soul may be given up to 
the work of rescuing the lost. 

"Moreover, your employment is so wearing to 
your nerves, I think any unbiased medical adviser 
would remonstrate against such protracted mental 
effort and so much confinement from the open air. 
You must have relaxation or your nervous system 
will be prostrated." 

In opening her heart to Miss Eldrige, the latter 
acknowledged that her selfish heart had kept her 
from admitting before, that she had felt for some time 

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that Miss Hardy was like a caged bird in the school- 
room. She at last was willing to give her up, to 
go wherever the Lord should direct, although it 
would emphatically be giving up her Isaac. 

In a letter to an intimate friend Miss Hardy 
writes, "I still feel desires burning within me to 
work more exclusively for the direct promotion of 
God's cause, but I am enabled to leave the future 
all with him. I feel no attachment to any earthly 
position, I could at any moment, set aside every 
earthly consideration and enter at once upon the 
work of God by way of spiritual effort, should the 
door clearly open. These aspirations of my heart 
I realize are continually increasing. What there is 
before me, I know not, nor am I anxious. I am 
leaving all with God. If he has a peculiar, public 
work for me, he will let me know beyond the pos- 
sibility of doubt." 

In the midst of this united foreshadowing. Miss 
Hardy was taken suddenly ill. While in great phy- 
sical agony, the question came to her mind whether 
this might not be God's way to lead her out of the 
school into another field of labor. At the close 
of one week's illness she tried to resume her labors, 
although she was far from well. Again she was 
prostrated. Three times did she attempt to con- 
tinue her work, only to have her sufferings relieved 
by prompt medical attention. 

Thus the term passed. The spring term began, 
but her health was such that her physician and Miss 
Eldrige herself, agreed that it would be impossible 
for her to remain longer in the school. Her nerves 
that had so long borne the heavy load of care and 

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anxiety were prostrated, and on Friday, February 
11, 1859, she left the seminary home, and the work 
upon which God's blessing had so manifestly rested ; 
but from which his providences were now calling 

Her father had made arrangements before his 
sudden death, that his son, Harvey Hardy, who had 
so faithfully remained at home, should have the 
old homestead, with the understanding that he was 
to provide a home for his aged mother, for Mariet, 
and for the brother Charles who was still living, but 
unable to care for himself. 

The old home had been sold and Harvey, with his 
wife and family had moved into town, not far from 
the seminary. 

It soon became evident, however, that Miss Hardy 
must have an entire change of surroundings, her 
brother's home being so near the school that she 
still felt its care and responsibility. Accordingly 
she was taken to the home of some dear friends in 
Covington. Her nerves were prostrated, but how 
kindly did these dear friends sympathize with and 
care for her. This kindness was never forgotten. 

While here she held heart communion with Sis- 
ter Martha Kendall, one of her most intimate friends. 
She remarked to her that she felt her life work was 
but just begun. Although she was not certain of 
the exact character of the work before her, yet she 
felt she had still a great work to do. She also spent 
some time with dear friends at Lima, the place sur- 
rounded with so many hallowed associations. 

She felt an independence, even while among her 
dear friends, that would not allow her to become a 

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burden to others, and as a result she was constantly 
overdoing in her efforts to do enough to pay her 
way. At last she was forced to admit that she was 
almost helpless. This was a great trial to her, but 
she reached a place of mental rest and ceased all 
physical work. 

She soon began to rapidly improve in health, and, 
although she had scarcely been able to attend a 
meeting of any kind for nearly three months, she felt 
drawn to attend the Bergen camp meeting. The way 
was made so plain that, although her health was 
frail, she could not doubt but that it was in order 
for her to go. 

She was made to feel that she should go forward 
in the path of duty and trust God for strength to 
do whatever he gave her to do, leaving even her 
health in his hands. She ever after found that her 
strength was proportioned to her labor. Never was 
she led to attend any meeting or to take an active 
part in any, but that she found «^trength was in- 
variably given, so that she really felt better in health 
after than before. Thus was God true to his prom- 

She had been much tempted to discouragement, 
and had become somewhat confused in her exper- 
ience, until while spending a few days in Pavillion 
at the home of Brother and Sister Heath. This man 
of God was enabled to lead her out of this state into 
the clear light. The lessons of wisdom gained while 
beneath that friendly roof, were never forgotten. 

After an absence of many weeks, she returned to 
Gainesville. Here she was assailed by fierce tempta- 
tions; but, when tested in the most trying manner, 

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all was calm and joyous within. She felt led to 
pour out her heart in supplication for her loved 
school, and felt assured that Heaven's blessing would 
continue to rest upon it, although it was doubtful 
if she ever again would labor there. 

After a month in Gainesville, she spent two weeks 
in Buffalo at the home of Rev. B. T. Roberts. Here 
she met Doctor Redfield for the first time, and was 
much benefited by the truth heard from his lips. 

Previous to this time, in 1856, Miss Hardy writes 
to a friend, "The Nazarite Methodists, so called, have 
issued a pamphlet which you have doubtless read. 
One thing is evident, the Lord is with those con- 
nected with this movement, and where God is the 
really devoted will be. I feel an earnest sympathy 
with the movement and bid it Godspeed." 

Thus she was already united in spirit with those 
in the front ranks of this holiness work. 

A view of the revival of holiness through the ef- 
forts of these representatives of the truth, was given 
her while at Brother Roberts' home. It was like a 
vast panorama. She saw influences emanating from 
these people which, in their final result, were des- 
tined to go to the uttermost parts of the earth. 

As one of the messengers for Jesus, she saw her- 
self going here and there. She felt that the great 
burden of the work was to be performed, not by the 
ministry alone, but that God was about to thrust 
out laborers from the unlearned as well as the 

Later, while at the Bergen camp meeting, she 
received remarkable views of God's word. She says 
concerning them, "Could the successive views of the 

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Bible I then had, pass before my mind slowly enough 
for me to write them out, they would fill a volume." 

This meeting was made memorable to her by 
many other experiences in things divine. From there 
she went in company with Sister Martha Kendall, 
to attend the Layman's camp meeting at Black 

Here she was led to look over the matter of her 
duty and to inquire more definitely with reference 
to God's will concerning her. She felt that she must 
have such evidence of her duty with reference to 
work of a more public character, as should forever 
satisfy her soul. She presented her request to God, 
and, quick as thought, the answer came, "1 have 
chosen thee from thy birth for a special work." Then 
the light shone all along her pathway from child- 
hood to that present hour. She saw clearly how all 
her past life had been marked by the special provi- 
dences of God, indicating his will concerning her. 

Her heart exclaimed, "It is enough, I can never 
again doubt the path of duty." Meridian evidence 
put all doubt to flight. She felt set apart for God. 
Her time was no longer her own, but God's. She 
felt she was not again to engage in secular employ- 
ment, but that she should devote herself to spiritual 
work. She did not feel called to the regular minis- 
try, but to write, pray, exhort, reprove, instruct, in 
public as well as private. She felt called to be a 
practical teacher of the gospel, rather than a 
preacher of theological sermons. 

Some months before, while attending the Gasport 
camp meeting, she had made a consecration that 
was to be tested anew. While there her attention 

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was called to peculiar demonstrations of the Spirit. 
She had retired to rest for a few moments when sud- 
denly she was aroused by a scream. She was startled 
and was tempted to regard such an expression of 
feeling as fanatical. How ridiculous it looked to her 
for any one to be engaged in such exercises. Im- 
mediately the question was spoken to her heart, 
"Would you be willing to trust yourself in the hands 
of God to be used in such an objectionable manner?" 
She became convinced that such manifestations were 
endorsed by the Bible in the text that speaks of 
souls being filled with joy unspeakable and full of 
glory. She found there was no small opposition in 
her heart to such manifestations, but waited before 
the Lord to know if such were, indeed, God's will 
concerning her. 

The next morning while listening to a sermon by 
Brother Roberts, and seeing that he was not entirely 
free, she felt constrained to exclaim, "Lord, help!" 
As she did so, she glanced around and seeing all eyes 
fixed upon her, she restrained the Spirit's prompt- 

She began to pray earnestly to be shown how it 
could glorify God for individuals to be thus exer- 
cised. In a moment the answer came. She saw 
that the great obstacle to God's work was the dead 
formalism so universally prevailing in the Christian 
church. Man's order had so taken the place of God's 
order, that the power of Omnipotence was stayed, 
only as those could be found who were willing to be 
used instrumentally in such a manner as to break 
up man's order. She saw this was the method God 

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employed to destroy the wisdom of man, in building 
up his kingdom in the earth. Every doubt was dis- 
pelled, every question answered by the view then re- 

She consecrated to obey God at any cost, but it 
was not until after long weeks of conflict that she 
was led to count the cost as fully and carefully as 
in the consecration at Lima, to witness in the public 
congregation. The time of decision finally came, 
and she committed herself into the hands of God to 
be used in any way, even the objectionable way of 
unusual exercises. There was never any controversy 
in her heart after that consecration, and the Lord 
protected her from fanaticism or demonstrations of 
human origin. 

At the time of leaving Black Creek camp ground, 
she went to labor for a while at Belfast. She felt 
for the first time that she was going to a people 
simply as a laborer in the vineyard of the Lord. 

The burden of breaking in upon the dead formal- 
ism that prevailed in the church there, by speaking 
out in the public congregation in responses and 
ejaculations, was laid upon her. The weight of the 
cross was crushing, but she was enabled to bear it 
fully. As a result, the bands of formalism were many 
of them broken. She continued to labor there under 
the direction of the pastor, holding prayer meetings, 
conducting altar services, etc. 

In spite of some opposition with reference to a 
woman being called to such public duties, she had 
the great joy of seeing several sanctified and others 
justified during her stay in Belfast. 

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She again returned to Gainesville and was en- 
abled to gain new victories over the tempter, in 
bearing the cross there. 

On Friday evening, August 5, 1859, she left 
Gainesville to attend^a general quarterly meeting at 
Varysburg. This meeting was held by Rev. Joseph 
McCreery and Rev. Levi Wood. 

On Saturday morning as they went to the 
church for service, Brother McCreery met them in 
the hall, saying Brother Wood had not arrived and 
some one would have to preach. Turning to Miss 
Hardy he remarked that she might be the one. She 
replied by questioning the propriety of her so doing. 

Brother McCreery said, "Watch the leadings of 
the Spirit." 

The morning meeting continued until it was too 
late for an afternoon service. At its close, Brother 
McCreery announced that some one would preach in 
the evening, he did not know whether it would be a 
man, woman, or child. He again spoke Jo Miss 
Hardy after the service, but she made no reply. 

She began to look the matter over and to question 
whether such a course was in accordance with her 
convictions of duty. She did not feel called to 
preach, as it is generally considered, still she felt 
that to address the people in a way similar to that 
employed by Phoebe Palmer of New York City, was 
embraced in her call to labor. 

After further conversation with Brother Mc- 
Creery, at the beginning of the evening service, he 
publicly called her forward into the altar to ad- 
dress the people. She did so and spoke for a half 
hour or more, her remarks being principally founded 

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upon the words, "I have somewhat against thee be- 
cause thou hast left thy first love" (Rev. 2:4). By 
request she also took charge of the altar service, in- 
viting seekers to come forward. This was her first 
effort in taking the place of a minister. 

She was occupying a new position for a woman. 
Not one who had identified herself with the so-called 
Nazarite movement in Western New York had, as 
yet, taken a similar position. 

There was more or less opposition to her course, 
but the Master enabled her to trust it all with him 
and to feel that his full approbation rested upon her. 

She did not again speak from a text until Febru- 
ary 19, 1860. She then addressed the people at a 
school-house near Bear Ridge, and again in Pendle- 
ton she spoke from the words, ^The path of the just 
is as the shining light" (Prov. 4: 18). 

The following Wednesday, February 22, at the 
request of Rev. B. T. Roberts, she spoke to the people 
at 13th Street Church, Buffalo, from the text, 
"Whether ye eat or drink or whatsoever ye do, do all 
to the glory of God" (1 Cor. 10: 31). The following 
week at Lockport she used the text, "Except ye re- 
pent ye shall all likewise perish" (Luke 13: 3). 

She writes at this time, "I have no doubt as to 
whether I am in God's order in taking this cross, 
the light has shone so convincingly upon my soul 
respecting it. I doubt not that I shall have much to 
do in this direction before I die." 

An aged pilgrim, James M. Cusick, who heard 
her in these first efforts to proclaim the gospel, says : 
"At a camp meeting held in Clarkson, New York, 
Miss Hardy was present and took an active part in 

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the services. At the close of the camp meeting she 
preached several times in the *Brick Church' in the 
neighborhood. I was impressed with her ability and 

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In every life there are heart experiences too 
sacred for the public eye. Nor would we lift the 
veil that conceals the hidden secrets of the one whose 
life is here portrayed. Yet when thus far every im- 
portant step had been divinely guided, could there 
be any doubt that her Heavenly Father would direct 
in the most critical decision of her life? 

In the choice of a life-companion, as in all other 
matters, Miss Hardy committed her way unto the 
Lord. For a long time the language of her heart 
had been, "Thou, God, that knowest the hearts of 
all, and art thereby qualified to choose for me, as I 
cannot for myself, as thou in thine infinite wisdom 
seest best, I leave with thee to choose for me, since 
thou alone art prepared to choose wisely.^' 

Although naturally endowed with strong social 
instincts, she cheerfully resigned all choice in the 
matter to God, indifferent as to what that choice 
should be, only happy in the consciousness that his 
will was being done. 

Step by step she was gently led, until she felt 
divinely assured that God had chosen for her. 

In the midst of the conflict between formalism 
and holiness, when the hearts of all were being 
tested to the utmost, her heart was united to the 


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heart of a fellow-soldier, who, like herself, was 
called to be a messenger of the gospel. 

Meanwhile, the battle was being set in array. 
For some time Miss Hardy's mind had been much 
exercised with reference to the condition of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

At one time there was not one preacher of holi- 
ness on the Wyoming district where she resided. 
She had felt the opposition to vital godliness during 
her school days at Lima, and her heart had wept 
between the porch and the altar. It seemed to her 
almost impossible that the fearful slumber which 
so palsied the church about her, could be broken by 
the voice of truth as proclaimed by those in author- 
ity. She longed to labor with those who were stri- 
ving to arouse the church to a sense of its true con- 

Many times when, in answer to prevailing prayer, 
the Spirit had been poured out upon the people of 
her native town, the work had been hindered by 
ministers who were not in sympathy with the opera- 
tions of the Holy Spirit. 

How her heart was gladdened when she attended 
meetings elsewhere and listened to the stirring ser- 
mons of Fay H. Purdy, Loren Stiles, B. T. Roberts, 
William C. Kendall, Joseph McCreery, Eleaser 
Thomas and others of like character. She realized 
the work of God was moving on in the Genesee dis- 
trict, and its mighty throbs were being felt else- 

Rev. Asa Abel, a man of God, seemed to early 
foresee, as others could not, a conflict in the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. 

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In view of the desolation of Zion, Miss Hardy ex- 
claimed in the words of Bramwell, "Nothing short 
of a moral earthquake can break the fearful spell." 

War was declared between spiritual religion and 
dead formalism. The powers of darkness raged. 
Miss Hardy writes to a friend, "I am a Methodist, 
but as such I can not endorse the dead forms and mal- 
administration of discipline with which the church 
is rife. I say a holy war, even within the church, is 
bettier than unrighteous peace. Nobody gets saved 
fully here now without being branded as a fanatic. 
How infidelity is strengthening its bands and 
lengthening its cords in our land through the deadly 
influence of formalism. May the Lord raise up a 
people who shall not shun to declare the whole 
counsel of God, practically as well as theoretically. 
Do not understand me as advocating secession, but 
salvation, and that of God." 

In another letter she says, "Oh, how my soul 
longs for the gospel in its purity, simplicity, and 
power! When will Zion's watchmen awake to a 
full realization of their responsibility as shepherds 
of Israel? There is so much effort among the min- 
istry to gain the honor that cometh from men, that 
I almiOst feel like exclaiming at times, ^By whom 
shall Jacob arise, for he is small?' 

"I believe, with Sister Kendall, that we need grace 
to face mobs in these days. I do feel, as far as I 
am concerned, that Through grace I am determined 
to conquer, though I die.' " 

In speaking of Mrs. William 0. Kendall, and 
other sisters who were active in bearing the burden 
in those days, she says, "It is wonderful to see what 

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God can do with weak women. It is true that many 
denounce Sisters Kendall, Roberts, McCreery and 
others as fanatical, but I am not able to discover 
anything that is not scriptural in their course. I 
should say that I am in the same condemnation, for 
doing the same work, namely, exposing the sad de- 
parture among us from the old paths." 

A noble band they were ! Truly, "The Lord gives 
the word, the women that publish it are a great host" 
(Psa. 68:11, R. V.). 

Mrs. Ellen Lois Roberts, a queen among women, 
was well fitted for the place that came to her in the 
conflicts of those days. She proved herself a heroine, 
always ready to encourage her husband, Rev. B. T. 
Roberts, and to lead him to a closer walk with God. 
She was clear in her testimonies and exhortations 
and later, at times, took a text and held a service, 
taking the place of a regular preacher. She en- 
couraged others that were hesitating and weak to 
put on courage for the battle. She had remarkable 
spiritual discernment, seeming to know the right 
course to be taken at the right time. 

Although she was not clothed with the minis- 
terial functions as fully as she should have been, 
she was eminently worthy. 

In this same revival of holiness, in the western 
states was found Mrs. Martha B. Hart, wife of 
Rev. E. P. Hart, a "Saint Courageous," indeed. Ever 
ready to drive the battle to the gates, she feared 
no hardships nor privations if the cause of God 
might be advanced. Her earnest exhortations, 
fervent prayers, and ability to lead seeking souls, 
especially in connection with altar services, will not 

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Martha Kendall LaDue. Mariet Hardy Freeland. 

Ellen Lois Roberts 

Minerva Wood Cooley. Ellen Fuller Mathews. 


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soon be forgotten. She stood nobly by her husband's 
side as he battled for the truth. Hers was an ag- 
gressive spirit, often, like the wife of Luther, in- 
spiring courage when the outlook seemed dark and 
foreboding. She is still actively interested in the 
cause of God. 

Ellen Fuller, later the wife of James Matthews, 
was the youngest of the pilgrim band and had been 
a pupil in Miss Hardy's school. She had been 
gloriously saved and sanctified in the early days of 
the revival of old-time religion under the labors of 
Rev. William C. Kendall. Her family opposed 
Bible salvation, turning her away from home for 
Jesus' sake. She was mighty in prayer and testi- 
mony, as well as in exhortation and exposition of 
scripture. She much resembled Nannie Cutler in 
the days of Wesley, being very successful in assist- 
ing in revival meetings. Many were brought under 
conviction and saved through her instrumentality. 

Mrs. Emeline Smith was another acceptable work- 
er who, later, with her husband, spent years in la- 
boring for the rescue of the lost, in the Jerry Mc- 
Auley Mission in New York City. 

Mrs. Jane Dunning was a woman of more than 
ordinary gifts, an able and successful preacher of 
righteousness. She was one of the first to become 
identified with the pilgrim church. She was a tower 
of strength in the pulpit, as well as in other depart- 
ments of gospel work. For a number of years she 
was superintendent of Dr. Sabine's "Providence 
Mission" for colored people in New York City. Her 
labors were owned of God in the salvation of many 
souls. For some years she was Chaplain of the 

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Magdalean Asylum, New York City, preaching there 
on the Sabbath and holding social meetings during 
the week. 

Mrs. Minerva Cooley, wife of Eev. William 
Cooley, who was expelled from the Methodist Epis- 
copal church at about the same time as B. T. Rob- 
erts, was wholly sanctified at what was called the 
"Rainy Gamp Meeting," and was ready to stand with 
her husband in the front of the battle. She was a 
sister of Rev. Levi Wood, and was naturally gifted, 
as well as devoted. Being clearly called to preach 
the gospel, notwithstanding the prejudice that ex- 
isted in those early days against "women preachers," 
she entered many open doors, and received the en- 
dorsement of the Spirit in seeing souls saved and 
sanctified under her labors. The power of God 
would so come upon her at times that she became a 
terror to the wicked as she declared the judgments 
of the Lord. At one time she was so burdened for 
the lost that two sisters, one on each side, supported 
her, as she gave the message to sinners. 

Mrs. Belden, wife of Rev. William Belden, a 
Presbyterian preacher, was recognized as one of the 
valiant soldiers in many battles. 

Mrs. William C. Kendall (afterwards Mrs. T. S. 
La Due), was one of the choicest of these early 
saints. Charges had been preferred against her 
husband, William C. Kendall, one of God's noble- 
men, but he was called home before suffering the 
penalty that came to others — expulsion from the 
church. In all his preaching and labors for the 
cause of holiness, his faithful wife Martha was a 
true help-meet. "She was naturally very timid, but 

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her determination and, above all, the gift of grace, 
gave her a remarkable, holy boldness in declaring 
and defending the truth either before great congre- 
gations or in private. Her plain, neat attire, with 
her kindly, determined face, gave her the appear- 
ance of what she was in reality, a Methodist of the 
old stamp/' 

Mrs. Delia Jeffres Catton, the intimate friend 
of Miss Hardy, was also a companion in the work 
of the Lord. Of deep spirituality, she mourned over 
the condition of the formal churches, and was early 
identified with the holiness movement. Her fervent 
prayers, clear testimonies and exhortations, were 
often heard at camp meetings and in revival serv- 
ices. She also felt the call of God to special work, 
and often took a text and preached effective sermons, 
nobly battling for the truth. Later she became the 
first principal of Chili Seminary. She was after- 
ward married to Rev. T. B. Catton, and assisted him 
in the work of the gospel. She is still living, al- 
though in feeble health. 

Mrs. Olive Teft Steele, a woman of "lofty and 
refined Christian character," was one of the earliest 
women in the Free Methodist church to be regularly 
licensed as a preacher of the gospel. She was di- 
vinely called to the work of the ministry, conducting 
revival meetings at which the church would be 
thronged and many converted and sanctified. Her 
heart is still in the work of saving souls. 

Mrs. Janet Osmun, wife of Rev. J. D. Osmun, 
was another handmaiden of the Lord who did 
prophesy. Quiet and gentle in manner, but earnest 
and full of zeal when proclaiming the gospel message, 

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her life has ever been a living witness to the truth 
she still teaches both with voice and pen. 

Many others^ equally devoted, might be men- 

We honor our church f athers, recounting their 
deeds of devotion and self-denial, and telling of the 
baptism of the Holy Ghost that enabled them to be 
valiant for the truth. This is well, but let us not 
forget our church mothers. Let a halo of glory sur- 
round their memory, and let not one of us shun a 
cross or compromise a principle for which they suf 

Thus was the Spirit poured out upon both sons 
and daughters, as foretold by Joel, and they did 
prophesy. As in the days of Wesley, and in every 
revival of spiritual, aggressive religion, the hand- 
maidens were called to labor side by side with their 

Many, however, were opposed to the active part 
taken by women, considering them entirely out of 
order. Thus these devoted sisters were obliged to 
meet a spirit of opposition, not only from the formal, 
but from those within their own ranks. The Meth- 
odist Episcopal church did not license women to 
preach at that time. 

Bishop W. T. Hogue thus aptly represents the 
condition before and after the organization of the 
Free Methodist church: 

"There were two classes among us at that time — 
those who believed in and those who opposed women 
preaching. The opposition was largely due to that 
of ancient customs and suspicions of whatever has 
the semblance of an innovation. Many, however. 

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Delia Jeffres Catton. Mrs. Jane Ihinning. 

Martha Bishop Hart 

Mrs. William Belden. Mrs. Janet Osmun. 


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conBcientiously believed that both nature and the 
Bible restricted women to the domestic sphere/' 

Bev. B. T. Eoberts was ever the chivalrous cham- 
pion of woman in her right to exercise her call to 
preach the gospel, and encouraged his devoted wife, 
as well as other elect ladies, to be true to their con- 
victions of duty. 

Miss Hardy, keenly sensitive to every feeling of 
opposition, often endured intense suffering because 
of the spirit manifested by those in whom she had 
confidence. At the many camp meetings held in 
those days she would often feel led to bear witness 
to the truth in the public congregation. 

On page 128 in "Why Another Sect," is found the 
following mention of her testimony at the Qasport 
camp meeting: "On Sabbath morning, after 
Brother Boberts had concluded his sermon, Miss 
Hardy, a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and a graduate of Genesee College, arose and de- 
livered an affecting exhortation before the vast 
auditory. I am glad to see this feature of Methodism 
revived among us. When Methodism was young and 
vigorous, we had female class-leaders and exhorters." 

At another Bergen camp meeting, soon after Bev. 
B. T. Boberts had been expelled from the Methodist 
Episcopal church) she was led to witness to the 
truth. Before going to the meeting, she felt that 
she was to have some heavy cross to bear, and con- 
^tinually prayed for grace to be true when the test 
came. The time came during a morning love feast. 
The preachers' stand was filled with the leading 
ministers in the holiness movement, including Bevs. 
B. T. Boberts and Loren Stiles. 

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There was a spirit of uncertainty among the pil- 
grims with reference to the cause of the action taken 
in expelling ministers from the church. Suddenly 
the Holy Spirit flashed the light upon Miss Hardy's 
mind, showing her that organized secrecy, in t]xe 
form of Free Masonry, was the real cause. She 
arose and testified to the view she then received. 

It was as if a bomb-shell had been exploded in 
their very midst. Many present, sympathizers with 
the holiness movement, were Free Masons, and it 
was hoped they would soon identify themselves with 
the nucleus of the new church that was rapidly 
forming. One after another testified, opposing the 
statements made by Miss Hardy, who had sat down 
nearly crushed under the opposing influences that 
she felt. 

At length an influential brother arose and sanc- 
tioned what she had said, stating that he had felt 
the same convictions. Suddenly as if a mighty 
wind had blown across the vast congregation, begin- 
ning near Miss Hardy, an outpouring of the Holy 
Spirit came, as on the day of Pentecost. She was 
filled with uncontrollable laughter, others wept, 
many fell to the ground, some shouted, danced, and 
leaped for joy. The preachers looked on in wonder, 
not one in the stand being affected by this mighty 
outpouring. Thus did the Holy Ghost set his seal 
upon the truth. 

In all the opposition and conflict of that forma- 
tive period, Miss Hardy was sustained by the thought 
of the final triumph of righteousness. She realized 
that Heaven was no imaginary fancy, but a divine 
reality. She exclaimed, "O what will be the scene 

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by and by, when I am permitted to gaze on the un- 
folding beauties of the heavenly world! Faith 
whispers, *I shall see that land/ I realize that each 
succeeding conflict and victory brings me nearer the 
object of my faith." 

One of the old songs that thrilled her heart was, 

''Pilgrim art tliou, liere a stranger, 
Not to fear tlie tempest's power, 

I have not a thought of danger, 
Though the sliy more darlily lower, 

For I'm going, yes, I'm going 
To the land that hath no storm." 

Among the many that were touched by the holi- 
ness revival, was a young man living in the town of 
Allegany, New York. He had been clearly saved 
when nineteen years of age, and had united with the 
Methodist Episcopal church. In connection with 
seeking the blessing of holiness, some time after his 
conversion, he had felt the call of God to become a 
minister of the gospel. 

His early life had been spent amid the hardships 
of the frontier, subject to the rigid discipline that 
such a life imposed. Although his educational ad- 
vantages had been confined to those afforded by the 
district school, still his natural ability and the 
training acquired by a self-imposed education were 
such as to indicate a fitness for the great work to 
which he was called. The Holy Spirit rested upon 
him and led him to see clearly the path of duty in 
connection with the holiness revival then in progress. 

At the time of the expulsion of B. T. Boberts and 
others from the Methodist Episcopal church, he was 

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holding a local preacher's license and laboring more 
or less as a minister of the gospel. He attended the 
Black Creek camp meeting in July, 1859, and there 
first met Miss Hardy. A mutual attachment was 
the result. Although the young man was at the 
time an entire stranger, she was made to realize 
that God had chosen for her. Views of his future 
usefulness were unfolded to her mind by the Spirit, 
so that, as when David, the youthful shepherd, was 
chosen to be king instead of his brothers more 
promising in appearance, so now she saw in the 
"boy preacher" one who was to become a chosen 
Tessel of the Lord. Their friendship rapidly ma- 
tured into a deeper, holier relation, and love, the 
most sacred feeling that can inspire the human heart, 
now glowed upon the altar of their affections. 

The following October, at the Brockport camp 
meeting, their somewhat romantic courtship re- 
sulted in Miss Hardy's betrothal to Rev. Jonathan 
Barney Freeland, the messenger of the gospel men- 
tioned at the beginning of this chapter. 

The time for their anticipated union was set at 
no distant date, leaving but little opportunity for 
the interchange of thought by means of correspond- 
ence. Still, a small packet of letters, almost too 
sacred for even the eye of a daughter to look upon, 
has been carefully preserved. 

The wedding day arrived, Wednesday, November 
2, 1859. On the morning of that day Miss Hardy 
writes thus in her diary : "This is to me the morn- 
ing of important events. My vows are plighted to 
become another's on the evening of this day in the 
holy bonds of wedlock. May Ood help me to be a 

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faithful wife to him with whom I unite interests 
this day. I am only his in Jesus." 

At an early hour in the afternoon the groom ar- 
rived at the home of Harvey Hardy, accompanied by 
his sister, Vina E. Freeland, now Mrs. V. E. Worth- 
ington. Iliey had driven a span of black horses, 
hitched to a platform buggy, with one seat and 
plenty of room for a trunk, or grip, or whatever 
the bride might wish to carry back with them. They 
were strangers to all the family but one, and that 
one invited them in and at once introduced them as 
Brother Freeland and his sister Vina Freeland, from 

Preparations for the evening ceremonies being 
completed, and the expected guests having arrived, 
the bride, becomingly attired in a brown pongee 
silk, accompanied by the groom, entered from an up- 
per room. 

It was a quiet wedding, only a few choice friends 
of the bride being invited. There was the aged 
mother, her brother Harvey and wife, Miss Eldrige, 
Miss Delia Jeff res (now Mrs. Catton), Miss Betsey 
Sherwood, Rev. R. E. Thomas the officiating clergy- 
man, and his wife, besides the groom and his sister. 
The exercises were simple, consisting of singing 
and prayer, followed by the impressive marriage cere- 

After a short time spent in congratulations, all 
were invited to the wedding supper. This was as 
elaborate as the bride felt was consistent with her 
convictions. Her brother Harvey and his wife vain- 
ly urged that they at least be permitted to have 
frosting upon the wedding cakes. 

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The following day the company of three jour- 
neyed toward Allegany, where a reception, or "in- 
fair," as it was then called^ was held at the home of 
Mr. James Freeland, father of the groom. A num- 
ber of guests had been invited to become acquainted 
with the new daughter. The bride immediately took 
the family of her husband into her heart and ever 
loved them and prayed for them as she did for those 
of her own family. 

A few days later she writes in her journal : **1 
do realize that I have an unspeakable treasure in 
my husband ; never did I realize such a union of 
soul with any earthly being. Our hearts are ce- 
mented into one by the power of Jesus' love. I 
know, too, that my husband's presence could give 
me no joy, if I realized at the same time that God's 
approval did not rest upon us." 

Thus she was not to go forth upon her life-work 
alone. Her usefulness was to be increased by the 
protection and companionship of a true yokefellow. 
They were to go forth as co-laborers in the vineyard 
of the Master, with no earthly ambition to accumu- 
late wealth or to secure for themselves the comforts 
and luxuries of this life. Their only aim, their 
highest ambition, was to be counted worthy of as- 
sisting in building up the Master's kingdom on 

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In the Itinerant Banks. 

As in the days of the disciples, when they were 
sent out two by two, with no scrip for their journey, 
and with the order to make their home where they 
labored, so now Mr. and Mrs. Preeland went forth to 
labor, as the way might open, under the direction of 
the Layman's Convention or of others in authority. 

They set out on their journeys in an open buggy, 
driving one horse and holding meetings in private 
dwellings, unused churches and most frequently in 
school-houses. They were entertained in the homes 
of the pilgrims, who like the early Waldenses, made 
it a part of their religion to entertain the brethren. 

Often Mrs. Freeland expressed thankfulness for 
so many warm friends, and never murmured at the 
inconvenience of having no certain dwelling place. 
She was still frail in health and soon returned to 
her brother's home for rest and medical attention, 
while her husband continued his labors among the 
people. She often sent him encouraging letters, 
urging him to be true to his convictions of duty, 
and not to think of taking any other course than 
that of a holiness minister. At one time she writes, 
"O what a certainty I feel all through my soul that 
God will guide us into the exact position where we 
can glorify him most if we only continue to commit 


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all to him. And this we do intend to do, God being 
CUP helper. There is a place in the vineyard of our 
God for which we are designed, I fully believe. We 
have crowns of glory awaiting us when our work is 

Their unsettled condition, and the violent con- 
flict going on in the church, together with various 
other circumstances, made the first months of their 
married life times of great temptation, especially 
to discouragement. 

Sister Betsey Sherwood was a faithful friend 
during those trying times. By her faithful, fervent 
prayers, and comforting words, she often enabled 
Mrs. Freeland to keep from yielding to the many 
trials that beset their path. 

Although in poor health, Mrs. Freeland accom- 
panied her husband on several trips, assisting in 
the preaching as well as in other services. Brother 
McCreery arranged many appointments for them. 
At one time Brother and Sister Cooley accompanied 
them on quite an extensive tour, and made seven ap- 
pointments for Mrs. Freeland. 

In April, 1860, Mr. Freeland received his first 
regular appointment from the Layman's Convention 
to West Falls. Here was their first home, in two 
partly furnished rooms, in the home of A. W. Perry. 
Some furniture belonging to Mrs. Freeland was 
brought from the seminary at Gainesville, also a 
cow that was her property. Busy hands soon made 
the home nest attractive, while the kindness of 
Brother and Sister Perry made them feel welcome. 
In her diary Mrs. Freeland writes, "To-day we ate 
pur first meal together in our home, May the Lord 

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enable us to glorify him in this new capacity. I 
realize a sweet rest in Jesus. My little household 
duties require considerable time, but the Lord en- 
ables me to feel contented and happy in our new 
home. All I ask is to see souls saved and believers 

In May, they attended the Methodist Episcopal 
general conference at Buffalo, where B. T. Boberts' 
appeal was denied. 

The new pastor and his wife labored faithfully 
at West Palls and on other points of the circuit. 
Bands were organized, and a weekly band meeting 
was held at their home. Mrs. Freeland was for 
many years her husband's chorister. Being familiar 
with all the old tunes, she could easily lead the sing- 
ing. At a camp meeting that summer, she was in- 
stantly healed of a serious cold that was affecting 
her lungs. From that time, throughout her life, the 
Lord was her physician. 

During the year, from August 6, 1859, when she 
first took a text and addressed a public congrega- 
tion, until the summer of 1860, she records thirty-one 
different times when, by the appointment of others, 
she conducted a service, speaking from various texts 
of scripture. 

But now a new responsibility came to her. On 
the twenty-fifth of August, 1860, a tiny, brown-eyed 
baby boy was laid in her arms, and the crowning 
glory of a woman's life was hers, the glory of moth- 
erhood. At first this gift was received with ques- 
tioning, for she wondered if it might not be a snare 
to hinder their usefulness. But the mother pon- 
dered all these things in her heart and, Puritan-like^ 

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vigUantly watched lest she should think too much 
of the lent treasure. 

At this very time, on the twenty-third of August, 
a convention met at Pekin, New York, to organize the 
Free Methodist church and adopt a discipline. It 
was something of a disappointment to the father 
that the advent of the little stranger hindered his 
attendance at this historic gathering. 

On the twenty-third of September, at the urgent 
request of her husband, she again addressed the 
people at West Falls, using as a text, 1 John 5 : 2, 3» 

A few days later Rev. B. T. Roberts organized 
the band at West Falls into a Free Methodist 
church. Brother Roberts also baptized James Ken- 
dall, the baby boy, as he afterwards did all of their 
other children. 

Mr. Freeland attended the first session of the 
Genesee conference, held at Rushford, New York, 
in October, 1860. He joined the conference at this 
time, being admitted on probation. Mrs. Freeland 
also soon joined the Free Methodist church, taking 
her letter from the Methodist Episcopal church in 
Gainesville. Mr. Freeland was stationed at Cary- 
ville and Shelby, their home being at Caryville. 
Here they lived in two rooms partitioned off on the 
first floor of a building, the second story of which 
was used for the church. Later a small bedroom 
was added. 

Meantime the cow had been sold, and a bureau, 
a set of flag-bottom chairs, dishes, etc., purchased 
with the proceeds. More of Mrs. Freeland's furni- 
ture was brought from the seminary at Gainesville, 
and theip home was made cozy and comparatively 

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■a ^ 


to ' 

^ s 

o ^ 



o « 

2 § 

6 fe 

'^ p. 

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comfortable. Of this home Mrs. Freeland writes, 
**I find there is more willingness in my heart not to 
have any home, than to barely have a stopping place 
with scarcely any accommodations for friends. But 
I am dying to all such thoughts. I will rejoice if 
counted worthy to suffer shame for Jesus' sake. I 
used to think if I had a home of my own I should 
want it to look about right, but anyway only so 
Jesus is honored. If I were to have some homes for 
mine, I presume I would think too much of my 

Here they incurred their first and last debt, 
throughout many years of service that followed. 
The horse they had been using was one that Father 
Freeland had loaned them. It now seemed impera- 
tive that they have a horse of their own. The open 
buggy was also exchanged for a covered one. They 
soon saw the wisdom of making it a rule never to 
run in debt whatever might seem the necessity. This 
rule was never broken. Mr. Freeland rented a garden, 
and by the strictest economy they succeeded in 
making their salary of one hundred and seventy-five 
dollars meet all their expenses, besides paying thirty 
dollars towards the new horse and buggy. 

Many an evening the little family group might 
have been seen gathered in the one room that served 
for kitchen, parlor, dining-room and study. The 
father, busied with his conference studies, rocked 
the cradle to and fro, while the mother was occu- 
pied with other household cares. 

Vina Freeland, the sister, was ever the good 
angel of the family. She took James Kendall," or 
"Kennie," as he was called, as her special charge. 

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When the mother's strength would fail, she stayed 
with them for weeks at a time, and then at her 
urgent request, she would be allowed to carry the 
baby home with her for a visit at Grandfather Free- 

Thus the year passed, filled with labor, special 
meetings and preaching at new points, the mother 
often filling one of the appointments on the Sabbath. 
The Lord gave them souls for their hire, a number 
being saved and sanctified. 

The next year they were stationed at Lyndon- 
ville, in Orleans county, and the blessing of the 
Lord continued to rest upon their labors. Here 
they had a more pleasant home. The preacher's 
salary was three hundred and sixteen dollars, which 
enabled them to make a few additions to their furni- 
ture. Here the pastor's wife made her first rag car- 
pet, and for more than twenty years no carpets but 
those of her own making graced their floors. 

In the month of April a baby daughter came to 
the parsonage. Years before, the mother had al- 
ways signed her school compositions with her favor- 
ite name, "Emma," declaring that if she ever lived 
to have a daughter, that should be her name. Conse- 
quently there was no lengthy discussion over the 
name of the new arrival. 

When the baby was a few weeks old the pastor 
and family attended the Akron camp meeting. 
During this meeting a terrible hurricane struck the 
camp ground. As the storm approached it had the 
sound of a fierce battle's roar. Large trees were 
blown down by the score, and many tents were laid 
low. Providentially one comer of Mr. Freeland's 

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tent had been fastened to a small tree, so that 
comer was not blown down. Here, during the hurri- 
cane, the mother sat safely, holding the baby, while 
the father with Kennie in his arms, was keeping 
watch of the storm, on the outside. Marvelously, 
but one life was lost at this time. 

In those days itinerating was faithfully practised, 
and at the next session of conference Mr. Freeland 
was stationed at Porter and Wilson in Niagara 
county. Both he and his wife made it a rule never 
to express a preference to the stationing committee, 
leaving the matter entirely in their hands, and ac- 
cepting their appointment as from the Lord. This 
course they pursued throughout their many years 
of service in the church. This dependence upon 
God to direct, is seen in the following lines written 
by Mrs. Freeland at conference time: "I feel much 
drawn out in prayer with reference to the future. 
Much is pending in the matter. This has been a 
day of blessing to my soul. I feel deeply with 
reference to our next field of labor, whether it shall 
be here or elsewhere. May the Lord graciously di- 
rect in the matter.'' 

Mrs. Freeland, through modesty, was not ap- 
pointed to a circuit as a supply, although it was un- 
derstood that she would assist her husband as she 
was able. 

Mrs. M. M. Robinson, who knew her in those early 
days, says with reference to her ministry, "I remem- 
ber how I hung upon every word that fell from her 
lips, and even watched her very look. Her deep ear- 
nestness and spirituality impressed me deeply. 
Some of the truths she uttered while preaching one 

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afternoon at a camp meeting from the tezt^ ^Have 
faith in God/ have been helpful to me all through 
life, one sentence in particular^ Taith leaps a chasm 
that reason cannot fathom/ has been especially 
blessed to me in many a trying experience. She was 
all in earnest to assist in spreading the glad tidings 
of salvation and to help souls into the way of life." 
Thus, although incurring more or less disapproba- 
tion and even persecution while going forward in 
response to the call to public service, her labor was 
not in vain. 

While living at Wilson, Mrs. Freeland's aged 
mother died, leaving a great loneliness in the daugh- 
ter's heart. It was a source of comfort to the mother 
to have seen Mariet's husband and two children, and 
to know that her daughter had a kind companion 
to care for and protect her. 

The family remained two years at Wilson, and 
in April of the second year another daughter caipe 
to gladden their home. The mother was taken very 
sick with lung fever, and the life of both mother 
and child was despaired of. The disease went to 
the brain, and for days the mother was in a delirium. 

During this time a camp meeting was held at 
Charlotteville, on their charge. Mrs. B. T. Boberts 
and Mrs. Belden became very much burdened for 
the healing of Mrs. Freeland. They retired together 
each day to pray for this, and after several days 
they received the assurance that their prayers were 
heard. They immediately drove to Wilson and in- 
sisted that Mrs. Freeland be taken to the camp 
ground. At first this seemed impossible, but as she 
seemed willing to go, she was carried there on a bed. 

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Prevailing prayer was offered, the power of disease 
was broken and she began to amend. The tiny baby, 
Mary, coughed constantly, and it seemed that she 
could not live. Kind friends ministered to them in 
their need and tender nursing, with the blessing of 
the Lord, brought her safely through the crisis. 

Mrs. Freeland's nerves were still very weak and 
she was tempted to wish that she might have gone 
home when so ill. One day the Spirit whispered to 
her heart, ^*If you live your children will be more 
likely to be saved, as no one can plead the promises 
for them as their mother can." From that time she 
began to take a new interest In living. 

The following year they were stationed at Go- 
wanda and Collins. At the former place, Rev. B. T. 
Roberts' father and mother lived and at the latter 
a Brother and Sister White. Both of these families 
were a great help to the minister financially and 

Mr. Preeland's health had been overtaxed by hard 
labor. There was much to be done and he did not 
seem to know how to spare his strength, for he was 
satisfied only when the work committed to him was 

Being unable to take work in the conference the 
next year, he was superannuated and moved to Alle 
gany. This was a great disappointment, but the 
Lord was merciful to them and provided for all 
their needs. Mr. Freeland was able to do consid- 
erable canvassing for sacred engravings during this 
and the following year and his efforts were unusual 
ly successful. At the same time Sister Betsy Sher 
wood, a faithful helper, took the frail baby Mary 

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to her home for some weeks. Thus was their 
Heavenly Father mindful of his own. 

In October of that year, 1865, another baby boy 
was added to their circle. He seemed the most 
promising of all their children, and in fond hope of 
future usefulness they named him Hamlin Bedfield. 
But, alas ! when but seventeen months old, after an 
illness of a few days, he was taken from them. This 
occurred while Mr. Freeland was spending part of 
his time as supply at Cohocton, in Steuben county. 
The mother wrote at this time, "My heart never felt 
so heavy a stroke before, but I do bow in humble 
submission and earnestly implore grace and wisdom 
to apprehend and profit by the lesson designed in 
this aflfliictive dispensation." 

One day, a short time after his death, as she sat 
weeping, she looked upward and saw the most beau- 
tiful vision. There was Hamlin enveloped in a cloud, 
looking inexpressibly happy. He stretched his little 
arms toward her; but as he saw her weeping, a 
shadow came over his face and a look of reproof, as 
if she should rejoice instead of weep. Her tears 
were dried ; never did she weep for him again. She 
could trust her Heavenly Father to do what was 
best. Often afterwards she related how she was 
comforted by the thought that had he been spared 
he might have been a drunkard. She had earnestly 
prayed with reference to each of her children, that 
if God saw that they would not grow up to serve 
him, he would take them before they came to the 
years of accountability. 

Mr. Freeland now joined the Susquehanna con- 
ference and was stationed at Binghamton. Warm 

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friends greeted them, one of the most devoted being 
Mrs. Sarah Stilwell, mother of Professor A. H. Stil- 
well, of Seattle Seminary. 

Of her work here Mrs. Preeland writes, "I want 
to say to the glory of God that the first four months 
we spent in Binghamton were in many respects the 
best of my life thus far. My convictions concerning 
public labor have been confirmed, as never before. 
God has wonderfully blest me in giving instruction 
to the people publicly respecting their souls' eternal 
welfare. Four weeks ago to-morrow I did what I 
never had done before; went among almost entire 
strangers, there being but one sister I had ever met 
before, and held meetings. 

"In the morning the meeting was at one place, 
and at another in the afternoon. In the latter place 
1 was obliged to do my own singing, praying, etc., 
but it was the best Sabbath of labor I ever exper- 
ienced. Though the crowd c^me as usual to see and 
hear a woman, God did so wonderfully help that all 
were held quiet and apparently convicted of the 

The pilgrims here had suffered much persecu- 
tion. At one time, when meetings were being held 
in the old Court Street church, a crowd of rough fel- 
lows loaded a cannon with stones and other missiles 
and pointed it directly at the church. The pilgrims 
within, when they understood what was being done, 
fell upon their knees and engaged in earnest prayer. 
Those intending harm, worked a long time trying 
to fire off that cannon, but in vain. It stood there 
loaded for months, a mute testimony that God 
answers prayer. This was an earnest band of work- 

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ers and Ood sent them an almost constant revival. 
The Monday evening holiness meetings, held at the 
parsonage, were especially blest of God to the good 
of many. 

In October, 1869, another bud of promise came < 
to them. When but nine months old, however, after 
several weeks of suffering, little John Fletcher weni 
to join Hamlin in heaven. The mother writes, "Had 
I no hope beyond the tomb, my grief would be in- 
consolable, but I have a hope that reaches beyond 
the grave. Blessed be God forevermore !" 

During their stay in Binghamton, Mrs. Freeland's 
sister, Mrs. Abby Burt, was called to her eternal 
home. Her loving heart could not be denied the 
privilege of at least attending the funeral, and she 
went in spite of circumstances that clearly indicated 
it was unwise for her to attempt the journey. When 
she found that in doing what she thought was best 
she had grieved the gentle Spirit, she became some- 
what discouraged and it was some time before the 
tempter's power was broken. 

When a distribution of her sister's wardrobe was 
made, the daughters kindly sent Mrs. Freeland, 
among other things, a beautiful Victoria cape and 
muff of mink fur. At that time mink was very ex- 
pensive, and the set of furs could not have cost less 
than two hundred and fifty dollars. She sadly 
needed the furs and wore them a few times. But 
she thought what an example she was setting before 
that band of pilgrims. How would people know 
the furs were given to her? It was costly apparel. 
So at last, after much praying, in spite of the fear 
that she might grieve the kind nieces that had sent 

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them, the furs were returned and the reason care- 
fully explained. 

After tWQ years spent in Binghamton, it would 
seem a little hard to leave such congenial company, 
but Mrs. Preeland went smiling, rejoicing that she 
had been permitted to meet the many friends in 
Binghamton, and also rejoicing that she would soon 
meet new friends and do more work for the Master. 

It seems almost incredible, but she was so lost 
in the will divine that she was never known to weep 
or murmur when called to leave one place, to make 
her home on another field of labor. Others might 
weep, but she would encourage them, and sing some 
of the old battle hymns as they separated. 

Their next home was in Rose Valley, on a cir- 
cuit having four appointments. Mr. Preeland had 
a young minister to assist him part of the year, but 
many times Mrs. Freeland was called upon to fill 
one of the appointments. She records twenty-one 
such occasions in her diary, and says, "I have been 
much blessed in public labor this year, I never had 
such enlarged views of truth with power to present 
them to the people.". On Thanksgiving day, her 
husband was unexpectedly called away to attend a 
funeral, and it fell to her lot to deliver the Thanks- 
giving sermon. 

While living here she was surprised by a visit 
from her brother Harrison, who had gone to the land 
of gold in '49. He was so tall and straight that he 
was obliged to stoop in order to enter the parsonage 
door. None of her six brothers was less than six 
feet tall, the tallest one being six feet four inches 
in height. 

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Her brother, William Harrison Hardy, was on 
his way to Washington as a territorial delegate from 
Arizona. How breathlessly the children listened to 
the bloody stories of Indian warfare and shuddered 
as he exhibited the scalp of an Apache Indian. Then 
he put his hand into his pocket and drew out a hand- 
ful of gold pieces, giving his sister a flfty-doUar 
gold piece. What a mine of wealth that represented 
to them! How far the money went and how many 
things it purchased! What cared the children now 
for poverty; they could boast among their school- 
mates of a rich uncle who, they hoped, would do 
fabulous things for them some day. 

The people on this circuit were kind, and the 
pastor and his family were not allowed to suffer 
want. The work of God prospered at the various 
points and they were encouraged. 

At this place the last member was added to the 
little flock, a plump little lady, named Sarah Stil- 
well, in honor of the one who had been so kind to 

Mr. Freeland was next elected district chairman, 
or elder, as the office is now called, and the family 
removed to North Chili, residing there two years. 
Here Mrs. Freeland was unexpectedly called upon 
to fill a vacancy in the faculty of the seminary at 
at that place. She describes her experience at this 
time as follows: "My strength of body was very 
frail. I was scarcely able to do what was neces- 
sary for my family. The unexpected resignation 
of the principal rendered it necessary for the trustees 
of Chili Seminary to secure other teachers. One 
called to see if I could give any assistance. I re- 

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plied that I was already bending under the weight 
of family cares, and how could I take more upon 
my hands? As I thought about it, however, and 
looked to the Lord to know his will, I saw light in 
that direction and felt it was little with him to give 
me strength to render any assistance in the school 
that was really needed. 

"Time passed. All efforts to secure teachers from 
abroad failed and Brother Boberts felt he must take 
charge of the school until further arrangements 
could be made. I was again called upon to assist. 
Still I declined, feeling that it was more than my 
faith could grasp. I soon saw, however, that I was 
looking at matters from a human standpoint, and 
must change my position and look by faith. 

"There was a little niche in the school that was 
thus far unfilled. In the providence of God I was 
prepared to fill it. Was it not duty to try and trust 
in the Lord for help? I soon saw the path of duty 
clearly and determined to do the best I could. 

"During the fourteen weeks of the term just 
closed I have not been absent from my classes but 
twice because of physical inability. I record this 
to the praise of God. Truly none goeth a warfare 
at any time at his own charges. I can say from a 
full heart, this has been one of the best, if not the 
best winter of my life. God hath dealt very gra- 
ciously with me. Blessed be his holy name. I have 
grown in grace and in the knowledge of the truth. 
I have never been enabled to gain so many decisive 
victories in my religious experience, in the same 
length of time. All glory to my covenant-keeping 
God! I have been enabled to make the Most High 

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my habitation in a deeper and fuller sense than 
ever before. My place of defence is the munition of 
rocks. My bread is given me and my water is sure. 

Thus she renewed her youth as she instructed 
classes in grammar, German, spelling, etc., as in the 
days when she labored so faithfully in her beloved 
seminary. Many are now living who were in her 
classes then, and they bring loving tribute of her 
kindness and faithfulness to them. One, especially, 
states that she was the chosen instrument in leading 
him to Christ. 

After completing her term of teaching at the 
seminary, she assisted in supplying the work at 
Canandaigua. She also addressed the people a num- 
ber of times in the church at North Chili while re- 
siding there. 

Those were days of self-denial and privation. 
Mr. Freeland was absent on the district much of 
the time, his collections were largely used for travel- 
ing expenses, leaving but little for the home needs. 
Yet the Heavenly Father was mindful of them and 
they were not allowed to suffer want. 

They next moved to Cortland, Mr. Freeland 
having been elected chairman of another district. 
It was the wish of the people as well as the pastor, 
Rev. J. A. Odell, that Mrs. Freeland should act as 
supply in assisting to fill the appointments on this 
large circuit. This she did faithfully and accept- 
ably, speaking to the people over forty times during 
the year. The financial assistance received as a re- 
sult was a great help to the family. 

Puring this year Betsy Sherwood, being in poor 

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healthy came to visit Mrs. Freeland^ thinking a 
change might benefit her. On the contrary, she grew 
rapidly worse in spite of all that loving hands could 
do, and after a few weeks of suffering, her spirit 
passed away. Mrs. Freeland mourned as for an own 
sister; the bond of friendship that had united them 
was touchingly beautiful. She writes in her diary 
on her birthday, September 12, 1873, a few days 
after the death of her friend, as follows : "The past 
year has been one of peculiar experiences to me. 
This concludes the forty-fourth year of my natural 
life. Through grace 1 have been enabled to reach 
some points in experience of utmost importance to 
me. My soul is deeply humbled in view of my slow- 
ness to fully apprehend the divine will and leadings. 
I have striven for the experience expressed by the 

'Let me into nothing fall, 

Let me lose myself in thee.* 

And again by the word of the Lord: ^Casting all 
your care upon him.' God has been graciously lead- 
ing me to this point of rest many times in the past. 
I have found it for a little time, then been afloat 
again or drifted from my moorings. The principles 
by which I may be enabled to keep my rest in God 
are more clear to my mind now than ever before. 
He does give me rest from my enemies, and shows 
me how to keep it. Blessed be God ! The Spirit said 
to me 'Eetum unto thy rest, O my soul, for the Lord 
hath dealt bountifully with thee.* The enemy with- 
stood my return, but God has helped and Satan has 
been subdued. 

"The sickness and death of my dear sister^ Bet- 

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sey E. Sherwood, has been the means of much good 
to me. O that I may ever bear in mind her counsels, 
prayers and testimonies. We are still one, though 
she has passed on before." 

Mr. Freeland was next appointed local chairman 
in charge of the work at Utica. The three years 
spent there, either as pastor or as traveling elder, 
were years of blessing. A gracious revival was 
granted in answer to the prayers of pastor and 

Mrs. Freeland, as was ever her custom, made her 
husband's work the burden of her heart. She could 
not rest content until victory crowned their efforts 
in the salvation of the unsaved and the sanctifica- 
tion of believers. Her prayers always accompanied 
him at the time of his preaching appointments 
whether as pastor or away on the district. As she 
pleaded at the throne of grace that help might be 
given to him, he was often specially helped and en- 
couraged. She never tired of his preaching. Al- 
though she might have heard the same sermon many 
times, it was always new to her. 

During the many years while he was away on the 
district the burden of the home cares came upon her. 
He would often return from an absence of several 
weeks, worn and almost sick. How tenderly she 
ministered to him, relieving him of every care pos- 
sible. Then the laundering of his linen was always 
done by her own hands; his clothing cleaned, 
mended, and pressed that he might start on another 
trip in good condition. She herself packed his 
satchel, knowing exactly the articles needed and how 

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best to arrange them to occupy the least space. Often 
Mr. Preeland would feel so poorly as the result of 
his constant labors, that the saints would be called 
in to pray for him before he would be able to go on 
his next round of quarterly meetings. She was his 
"private secretary," keeping him informed with 
reference to everything in which he was interested, 
and forwarding his mail promptly, as he traveled 
from place to place. 

It was genuine self-sacrifice to have her husband 
away from home so much, but she would cheerfully 
say, "Other women spare their husbands for finan- 
cial interests, how much more should I be willing 
to be left alone that my husband may engage in the 
Master's work." 

From 1876 to 1879, they resided again at Bing- 
hamton, Mr. Freeland being local chairman one year 
and the next two years traveling on the district. 
While there the new church was built and the work 
much strengthened. 

Mrs. Preeland found "Mother Stilwell," the same 
kindred spirit as before and often did they pour out 
their hearts together for the upbuilding of the Re- 
deemer's kingdom. "Mother Stilwell" never forgot 
the needs of the pastor and his family, bringing to 
the parsonage panfuls of the most delicious cookies, 
and always at Easter time, ten or twelve dozen eggs, 
that the children might have all they wanted. 

In the year 1877, Mrs. Freeland received her first 
evangelist's license from the quarterly conference, 
provision having just then been made in the dis- 
cipline for this official recognition of woman's call 

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to preach. In 1879 she received a conference evan- 
gelist's license, which she continued to hold through- 
out her life. 

About this time Rev. B. T. Roberts published a 
pamphlet entitled, ^'The Right of Women to Preach 
the Gospel." This was a great encouragement to 
Mrs. Freeland as well as to other women who felt 
the call of God upon them. It helped to remove the 
prejudice against such laborers. So great had been 
the feeling against the public work of women in some 
places where she had been called upon to occupy the 
pulpit, that a large part of the congregation would 
leave when she arose to speak, rather than listen to 
a woman. This became so embarrassing that she 
made it a rule never to take the place of a preacher, 
unless it had been previously announced that she 
would do so, thus allowing those to remain away 
who were prejudiced against such efforts. 

She also made three other rules that relieved 
her from many temptations of the enemy and gave 
her peace and courage as she went forward in ac- 
cordance with her call to public work. 

First, she would enter every open door. Second, 
she would open no doors. Third, she would accept 
her husband's decisions with reference to her public 
work as the will of God for her, and leave the 
responsibility there. 

Much of the time during those early years, when 
the children were small, she found it necessary on 
account of frail health and weak nerves, to have 
hired help in caring for her family. She was care- 
ful to have only Christian helpers, and those be- 
longing to the Free Methodist church when possible. 

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Many were the noble, self-sacrificing young 
women who became members of the home circle from 
time to time, thus making it possible for the mother 
to spend time with her husband in pastoral visiting, 
or to accompany him on the district, attending quar- 
terly meetings, camp meetings, etc. 

A rollicking band of youngsters the children 
were, enough to wear out the nerves of one who had 
not already used up her nervous energy in school- 
teaching. Many could not understand why she was 
able to go away to preach, or "to speak to the peo- 
ple,'' as she always modestly called her efforts, when 
she could not do her home work alone; but a short 
time spent away from the care of the family would 
enable her to come back refreshed and strengthened. 
As soon, however, as the children were old enough 
to assist in the work, no more hired help was needed. 

No one ever offended the mother by the gift of 
partly worn clothing or anything that would be 
serviceable in meeting the needs of the family. They 
were in the Lord's work and whatever way he chose 
to supply their needs was all right. She would say 
when any gift was received, "Praise the Lord and 

thank ," naming the one that had so kindly 

remembered them. 

Many amusing incidents occurred at the par- 
sonage of which the following is an example: A 
couple, somewhat advanced in years, had come from 
a distance to be married. After the ceremony, the 
bride and groom were left alone a few moments in 
order that the finishing touches might be given to 
the supper the minister's wife was preparing for 
them. Soon they were heard singing among other 

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hymns^ ''This is the way I long have sought, and 
mourned because I found it not." The combined 
authority of father and mother was necessary to 
keep the children from embarrassing the couple 
with their suppressed mirth. 

The family were often imposed upon by religious 
tramps and irresponsible people who made the min- 
ister's home their headquarters. Only once did the 
mother begrudge a meal to satisfy hunger. She had 
carefully prepared dinner for the children, placing 
the beefsteak in the oven for a few moments while 
waiting their arrival from school. The outside door 
of the kitchen had been left ajar while she stepped 
into the other room. She returned just in time to 
see a half -famished dog vanishing through the door, 
the entire beefsteak in his possession. She tried in 
vain to stop him and at last, when she saw it was of 
no avail, she exclaimed, "I am righteously indig- 
nant." That was the nearest she was ever known to 
being angry, and she apologized to the children for 
not being more patient then. 

Thus the years rolled by. Prom Binghamton 
they moved to Syracuse, the change of residence 
being made necessary by Mr. Freeland's being elected 
chairman of the Syracuse district. Two years were 
happily spent here, Kev. W. H. Clark being the pas- 
tor. He often called upon Mrs. Freeland to occupy 
his pulpit, advising and counseling with her. She 
constantly carried the work upon her heart, and the 
minister says that he felt his sermons were always 
"backed up" with her "Amens" and personal in- 
fluence and that she was ever the center of helpful 
influence, never the opposite. 

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The pastor^s wife, Mrs. Ella Southworth Clark, 
thus expresses Mrs. Freeland's deep interest in her 
welfare: "Can I ever forget while life lasts that 
when 1 was only a girl as yet, and far away from my 
own mother, this dear mother, who had three girls of 
her own to bear on her heart to the Lord, added me to 
her own in daily prayer and intercession. She was 
an inspiration to me, and many a kind, motherly 
bit of advice did she give me. There was always a 
word of encouragement and an earnest exhortation 
to keep to the 'old ways' and stand by the 'ancient 
landmarks.' It was always a source of strength to 
be in her company. Her loyalty to her convictions 
and to the church and the gladness with which she 
followed the same were a great uplift to me." 

Mrs. Freeland labored earnestly in the Sabbath- 
school and in the social means of grace, being espe- 
cially anxious that every member should be clear 
in the experience of holiness. 

Those were close years financially, and little did 
the people realize the "poverty burden" that was 
being borne so uncomplainingly. 

The following year Mr. Freeland's health, which 
for some time had been failing under his abundant 
labors, again gave way, and he was superannuated. 
The family removed to Clyde, circumstances making 
it necessary for the two older children to do the 
packing and moving alone. 

The next year, while still superannuated, he was 
appointed a supply on the Dunkirk and Fredonia 
charge in the Genesee conference. 

Mrs. Freeland tenderly cared for her husband 
during these years of failing health, and did much 

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to relieve him in the hard work of the circuit, preach- 
ing many times during the year. 

In the fall of 1884, Mr. Freeland again joined 
the Genesee conference, and was elected district 
chairman of the Chautauqua district, the family 
living at Forestville. Here Mrs. Freeland assisted 
in supplying the pulpit, preaching about twenty-five 
times during the year. 

Twenty-six years had now passed since the two 
co-laborers entered upon their work for the Master. 
The blessing of the Lord had rested richly upon them 
and many had been saved and built up in holiness 
as a result of their labors. They had had no certain 
dwelling-place, neither had they laid up any treasure 
upon earth; but they felt that they had laid up a 
little treasure on the other shore, and that the ap- 
proval of their Heavenly Father rested upon their 

Mrs. Freeland, although often frail in strength, 
had been faithful to the charge committed to her. 
Her earnest sermons, clear testimonies, shining 
face, and plain, neat appearance made her always 
welcome as a pastor's wife. No charge ever hesi- 
tated to accept Mr. Freeland as a pastor because of 
any objection to his wife. Thus had God blessed 
her and made her a blessing. 

The consecration of her love of home made in 
earlier years had been tested, but God had "kept 
that which had been committed to his care." 

Rev. M. N. Downing, who often listened to her 
sermons at camp meetings and other general gath- 
erings, thus speaks of her: "Of all the women 
preachers, of the Free Methodist church in those 

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years, she was superior. First, in being more meth- 
odical, having ability to see her points clearly and 
to present them in snch a manner as to be clear to 
others. Second, she was sound in doctrine. For ex* 
ample, when speaking on the subject of Perfection,' 
she first classified the various kinds of perfection — 
Absolute, Angelic, Adamic and Christian. Then she 
proceeded to show clearly what was and what was 
not meant by Christian perfection. She was a re- 
markable illustration of the benefits of early piety 
during a long life in many departments of work for 
the kingdom." 

The following is an outline of one of her sermon 
sketches: Text, Matt. 21:28— "Go work to-day in 
my vineyard." 

1. Introduction — The gospel invitation is two 



To get good. 


To do good. 


is the work? 


Exclasive — My vineyard, 







How is it to be done? 












In faith. 

4. Why must the work be done? 

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1. Our own souls will be lost. 

2. Others will be lost. 

3. We shall lose the reward. 

5. When is the work to be done? 

1. In time. No work in the grave. 

2. To-day. 

6. Results of working. 

1. Our own souls will be kept in health 
— "He that watereth shall be watered 
also himself." 

2. Others will receive good — "He that 
goeth forth and weepeth," etc. 

In closing this chapter it may be of interest to 
notice some of her favorite texts: 

Isaiah 8 : 20 — "To the law and to the testimony." 
John 18 : 38— "What is truth?" 
1 Peter 2 : 9 — "A peculiar people," etc. 
1 Kings 18 : 21 — "How long halt ye between two 

Habakkuk 3 : 2 — "O Lord, revive thy work." 
Joshua 24 : 15 — "Choose you this day whom ye 
will serve." 

Isaiah 61 : 1, 2— "The Spirit of the Lord God is 
upon me." 

Hebrews 13 : 8 — "Jesus Christ, the same yester- 
day," etc. 

1 Chron. 29:5 — "Who then is willing to conse- 
crate," etc. 

Luke 12 : 32— "Fear not, little flock." 

John 5 : 39 — "Search the scriptures." 

Matt. 11 : 28-30— "What is it to be a Christian?" 

Rev. 2 : 4 — "I have somewhat against thee." 

Isaiah 12 : 2 — "I will trust and not be afraid." 

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A MoTHEE^s Problems. 

If one should succeed as a student, a writer, a 
teacher, or even as a preacher, and yet fail as a 
parent, the whole life would be marred and pa- 

At the risk of personalities and of revealing what 
may seem private affairs, yet without which the 
most charming pictures of this life history would 
be incomplete, the author has attempted to give some 
glimpses of this mother-heart in its inner sanctuary, 
its holy of holies. 

To Mrs. Freeland, as expressed in her own words, 
^The estate of motherhood is more exalted than that 
of any earthly potentate. Hers is a school of no 
vacation for many long, weary years. But not so 
long if the mother's heart be filled with tender love 
and patient hope for her child. Mark the interest 
taken in the first apparent recognition of mother's 
face. Ah, what joy beams from that careworn 
countenance) when infant lips first lisp the moth- 
er's name. Happy the mother who is able to answer 
the queries of her little one with a full knowledge 
of the Father's love and will in her heart. Ah, who 
may venture upon the holy precincts of motherhood, 
without the preparation found alone in personal 
piety! 'Tis hers, then, to launch the tiny barque 


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upon life's rough sea, and to pilot it until capable 
of self-management." 

Bealizing thus her responsibilities and priv- 
ileges, she considered the claims of her children as 
second to none. Each of the six children committed 
to her care was consecrated to God in earliest in- 
fancy. She had no other ambition fpr them than 
that God's will should be accomplished in their lives, 
and to this end she prayed, toiled and suffered. 

The principles which she early adopted as a 
means for securing what she most desired were: 
First, Consecrating the children to God in baptism ; 
second. Instructing them and praying for and with 
them; third, Training them in harmony with Bible 
teaching; fourth. Mighty faith in the promises of 

When still too young to understand, the mother 
would take her little ones with her into the secret 
closet where she poured out her heart to God in 
earnest supplication. They were surrounded from 
infancy with an atmosphere of prayer. As soon as 
they could lisp the words, they were taught, "Now 
I lay me down to sleep," being encouraged to add 
petitions for each member of the family as they knelt 
at night at mother's knee. Then, after a good-night 
kiss from each one, to both father and mother, the 
little ones would be sung to sleep with, "Hush, my 
dear, lie still and slumber," and other favorite lul- 
labies. At the morning worship all joined in repeat- 
ing "the Lord's prayer." 

Through all the years spent at home, often the 
first sound that would greet the children in the 
morning, would be mother's voice as she would rise 

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early to have undisturbed communion with her 
Heavenly Father. 

The most sacred hour of the week^ around which 
hallowed memories cluster, was the twilight hour 
of the Sabbath day. No matter how pressing other 
duties might be, or what company was in the home, 
the mother would gather her little flock around her 
and as carefully and prayerfully instruct them as 
if she were in reality tracing lines upon pure white 
marble, never to be effaced. How they enjoyed sing- 
ing with her, even before they could frame the words, 
only catching the inspiration of the hymn! Then 
would follow the catechism of her own making, be- 
ginning with, "Who was the first man? Who was 
the first woman?" until as they grew older, it ex- 
tended to the kings of Israel and the twelve apostles. 
What enthusiasm to see which one could answer the 
most questions without a mistake! 

Next came the Bible verses, after which the 
mother would tenderly question them about their 
conduct during the past week, pointing out where 
they might improve. Often the children would be 
in tears, asking first the mother's forgiveness and 
then the forgiveness of each other, as they remem- 
bered acts of unkindness and selfishness. Then they 
would all kneel in prayer, while the mother prayed 
for each one by name, telling the Heavenly Father 
of each child's weaknesses and needs. 

The children would follow, confessing their sin- 
fulness and asking forgiveness. How near heaven 
seemed then, how easy to ask and receive in child- 
like faith! They would arise with shining faces, 
joyfully telling of the blessing they had received. A 

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weekly revival was often necessary to keep the 
heart-records clean. 

As the children grew older and understood what 
real conversion and Christian service meant, they 
tvonld sometimes hesitate and draw back. Still, 
however indifferent and thoughtless they might be 
at other times, when the Sabbath hour came, no 
one was excused from at least a form of prayer, that 
served to hold them from drifting far away. In 
times of real decision and of crisis in their lives, it 
was at this hour that consecrations were made and 
a mother's burdened heart would wrestle with God, 
Jacob-like, taking no denial. She would often say 
in the words of Mrs. Booth of the Salvation Army, 
"I cannot, and I will not raise a child for the devil." 
This was the desperation of faith. 

At one time, when she and her little ones were 
visiting friends that were unsaved, and where there 
was no family altar, she went quietly to each bed 
where her children had been tucked away and, 
gathering them in her own room, had prayer with 
them before they were allowed to go to sleep for the 

Both father and mother believed heartily in the 
annual "Feast of Tabernacles ;" it was their custom 
to attend, as a family, at least one camp meeting 
each summer. The mother called these gatherings, 
"Free Methodist picnics," and maintained that as 
the church did not believe in picnics the children 
had a right to attend camp meeting. 

Many weary days of toil were necessary to pre- 
pare clothing sufficient for a ten days' camping in 
the hot summer time, besides the extra cooking; 

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but it was in the Master's service and fop the ad- 
vancement of his kingdom. 

And how the children enjoyed it! The clean, 
white tents, beds of fragrant straw and hemlock 
boughs. Then when all was quiet at night to listen 
to the crickets, katydids and chipmunks as they 
echoed their familiar calls. There was an atmos- 
phere of worship, yet not the reverence felt in the 
church at home. They were permitted to run about 
and gather berries and wild flowers between services, 
but during service they either attended, or remained 
quietly at their tent. 

The children's meeting was their special delight. 
Little did the ministers, who did their best to make 
the gospel plain for the children, realize the harvest 
that would come from the seed they were sowing in 
the many young hearts. 

As a result of the sacrifice and effort necessary 
to take all of the children to these means of grace, 
two of them were first clearly converted at camp 
meetings. The parents were not content until each 
child had a clear witness of sins forgiven. They 
might be vascillating for some years, but if once 
clearly saved, they could never doubt the reality of 
conversion. Father and mother also believed that 
the lambs should be in the fold, and as a result of 
their faithful prayers and labors all were members 
of the Free Methodist church before fourteen years 
of age, one joining when eleven, and another when 
twelve years old. This was an anchor that held them 
many times when discouraged and tempted to give 

The following account of her son's conversion is 

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given in the mother's own words : "We had brought 
up our children strictly, believing the scripture, 
^Train up a child in the way he should go ; and when 
he is old, he will not depart from it.' I do not believe 
this scripture means that our children should spend 
their lives in sin and be saved in old age, but that 
they shall be kept from sin and saved to the work 
of God. 

"We had not allowed our son to go out at night 
with the young people of the town as so many Chris- 
tians of to-day do. When he grew older he felt the 
restraint and asked to be allowed to go with the 
other boys. We always answered him firmly, giving 
him the reasons. Finally the test came and he said, 
*If you will not let me go, I will run away.' I said, 
*No, my son, we can never give our consent for you 
to do wrong or to start in a downward course.' Here 
is where so many parents and teachers fail. They 
argue, 'If he should break away from discipline, by 
running away, it would be far worse than being al- 
lowed to remain at home or in school and compro- 
mising the matter.' And so they yield, with what 
sad results. The child has the consent of the parent 
to do wrong and he obtains that consent by a threat. 
The parent has lost his ground of faith, and the 
child starts on a course from which only God in his 
mercy can save him. 

"But I did not stop here. I went on my face in 
the closet before God and pleaded with him all night 
to save my boy. I had done my duty and claimed 
the promise. God did the rest. Our son did not 
run away, but was saved the next night. 

*TJf any parents who do not yield to their children, 

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but hold them strictly to the line of duty, fail in 
faith in the darkest hour, and the child breaks away. 
Many are the wrecks because of the failure of parent 
or teacher at this point." 

Once, after the son had been converted some 
months he became discouraged. The father was 
away from home and the mother was sick. One 
night, after coming home from school, he brought 
in his pet bantam rooster, its head all bleeding. In 
answer to his mother's questions, he explained that 
he had cut the comb off, as the other boys had done, 
so that it could fight better. He was called into her 
room and remained alone with her for more than 
two hours. It was years after before anyone else 
knew what took place during that time. 

It was a soul battle, a crisis, the turning point 
in the child's life. As the mother pointed out the 
wrong he had done, and reasoned with him of the 
right way, he would reply, "There is no use, I can't 
do right; I can't be a Christian." The mother an- 
swered, "You belong to the Lord; you have given 
yourself to him and your parents have consecrated 
you to his service; you cannot backslide, you must 
be a Christian." Thus they talked, the mother being 
courage and determination for the son in his dis- 
couragement, surrounded by many influences in the 
city that tended to lead him astray. Then they 
prayed, and she brought divine help very near as 
she presented the case before the Father's throne. 
The Holy Spirit inspired new courage, and the son 
with a contrite and broken heart, pledged anew 
fidelity to his heavenly Master. From that time the 
matter was settled; and although tempted and dis- 

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couraged at times, he never gave up his profession 
of religion. 

The mighty faith of that mother, although weak 
in body and unable to do for her family as she felt 
they needed, had prevailed. God did fight the battle 
for her and break the cruel power of Satan. He 
proved himself to be a **God of the families of Is- 

Often, in later years, she would encourage other 
mothers to lay hold on the mighty promises of God, 
for their children. 

In the earlier years of married life, the mother's 
weak nerves were often the cause of her speaking 
to the children in what would seem an irritable and 
fault-finding manner. She did her best, by prayer 
and watchfulness, to overcome this habit. At last 
she thought, "If I continue to speak in this manner, 
my children will think me cross, and will lose confi- 
dence in my religion and become infidels.'' 

She resolved that she would ask their forgive- 
ness whenever she felt that she had spoken in a 
wrong manner. Often at evening prayers, she would 
mention the times during the day when she felt she 
had not spoken as kindly as she should, and humbly 
ask her children's forgiveness. They were touched 
with her conscientiousness, and respected and loved 
her more for her humility. 

She also formed the habit of keeping perfectly 
quiet when things were going wrong and words 
would not help matters any. Thus, with divine 
help, she gained such control over her words. that 
for years nothing but expressions of gentleness and 
kindly forbearance were ever heard from her lips. 

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The Holy Spirit who in past years enabled her 
to be a faithful witness in the public congregation 
now gave her grace amid the daily trials of home- 
life to be a gentle, patient, unselfish witness of God's 
keeping power. 

But the children were not only to be trained in 
the way of early piety, but they must be taught 
correct habits, and be made useful members of the 
home, as well as given wholesome amusement and 
recreation. When with her children, the mother 
threw aside her natural reserve, playing with them, 
singing, telling them stories and sympathizing with 
all their joys and sorrows. 

When one of the children had been sick — and 
they had all the diseases to which childhood is heir 
— as a special treat, she would take a small white 
paste-board box from the top bureau drawer and sit- 
ting down with the children around her, would take 
out the treasures she had kept from girlhood. Each 
one had its own peculiar charm. 

There was the curious glass locket given her 
when a little girl by one of her brothers, the quaint 
metal coin box bearing the date 1836, the **hair 
book," in which she had curiously plaited and woven 
locks of hair given her by schoolgirl friends as well 
as by aunts and cousins, then the "sampler" on which 
she had spent so much time when a little girl, also a 
piece of blue satin left from the famous steel bead 
pocket, and last her mother's needle-book, made from 
cloth that her mother had woven and which con- 
tained brown thread that her mother's own hands 
had spun. 

After these had all been carefully examined and 

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explained, they were replaced in the box, not to be 
disturbed again for a long, long time. 

How the children delighted to smooth their moth- 
er's shining brown hair; how they would coax to 
be allowed to comb it "just once!" 

Sometimes, in winter, she would join in their fun, 
even condescending to let them draw her on their 
sleds; then there would be special treats of home- 
made candy or loaf-sugar. The mother frowned up- 
on "store" candy as too highly colored and made of 
unknown concoctions wholly unfit for a child's 

Mrs. Kittie Wood Kumarakulasinghe, a former 
playmate, writes thus of her memories of those days : 
"I had been down to see my little playmates, and 
their mother. Sister Freeland, gave us some spiced 
cherries, made with her own hands. She was the 
soul of order, and it seems to me I can see now the 
shining glass and the spicy fruit. Then we played, 
and played, all that we could think of, until finally 
a prayer meeting was proposed. Kendall was ap- 
pointed leader, and we all went to the bam and knelt 
in the hay. 

" ^Sister Wood, lead us in prayer,' said the leader; 
but ^Sister Wood' di&n't; she put her head in the 
hay and was ashamed to pray. That was the first 
of a conviction which later resulted in conversion. 
The other children all prayed, but * Sister Wood' 

The crowning joy of the year came at Christmas 
time. Then the mother would plan to remember each 
one with some simple presents. 

Among the gifts one Christmas, were two china 

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« 1 

2 o 
^ s 

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doves for the girls. As they were admiring them, 
the mother remarked, ^'I hope my girls will be as 
kind and gentle to each other as the doves are." 
Those words, and the constant presence of those 
doves, 4id more to check the habit of quarreling 
which, it must be said, had become a great problem, 
than any punishment they had received for that 

If they were given permission to visit a play- 
mate, it was always for a definite time, a failure to 
return promptly being punished by a loss of that 

The mother watched. carefully over the compan- 
ions of her children. They were allowed to be inti- 
mate with none until she had formed their acquaint- 
ance and decided whether they were suitable friends 
or not. 

At one time the son had a schoolmate of whom 
he was very fond; but the mother had discovered, 
that he was disobedient. She could not allow them 
to associate together, only as they came to the par- 
sonage and were within her hearing. 

This care with reference to their associates was 
a great trial to the children then; but they have 
since learned to be thankful that they were not 
"turned loose" in the various cities where they lived. 

The same care was exercised over the children's 
reading matter. For years, when money was scarce, 
both father and mother decided that suitable read- 
ing must be provided for them. The Illustrated 
Christian Weekly was subscribed for, and the num- 
bers of each year were bound, which provided a con 
stant source of enjoyment. 

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The Advocate and Chiardian, pablished by the 
"Home for the Friendless," in New York City, kept 
them in touch with the unfortunate ones of earth. 

Their Sunday-school papers were all preserved, 
and the mother carefully stitched them together with 
twine to be used as picture-books. She encouraged 
them to read the Bible, by promising a new Bible 
and one dollar in money to those who read it through 
in a year. One child, at least, received the reward 
before reaching the age of ten years. The habit of 
Bible-reading thus formed, has never been long laid 

In the government of the family the father and 
mother were of one mind ; at least the children never 
knew anything to the contrary. Strict obedience 
was required of each one and disobedience was al- 
ways followed by punishment. The old-fasliioned 
Bible method of correction was administered firmly, 
but in love, the punishment being usually followed 
by prayer with the cliild. 

Nothing was ever kept under lock and key or hid- 
den away lest the children should touch what was 
forbidden. No landlord ever complained that the 
children injured his house, for they were taught 
from babyhood not to mar or scratch anything about 
the house. They were early trained by the mother 
to habits of order and industry. "A place for every- 
thing, and everything in its place" was a law never 
to be forgotten. She patiently taught them to share 
in the various household duties, from folding "lamp- 
lighters" to the more difficult tasks of sweeping, 
dusting, ironing, washing and sewing. 

Perhaps in the matter of dressing her children 

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the mother's grace and wisdom were most severely 
tried. She had always been conscientious in having 
everything about her home and family scrupulously 
neat; but in matters of adornment, whether at 
themselves or of the home, she still followed the rule 
adopted so many years ago — "Whether ye eat or 
drink or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of 
God." She made it a rule never to put anything 
upon her children's clothing that she could not con- 
scientiously wear herself. Time was too precious 
to be spent in tucking and embroidering dainty gar- 

Her children's clothing was always neatly made, 
simple and comfortable, the work of her own hands, 
unless sometimes when kind friends lent assistance. 

All went well until the girls became older and 
had a preference of their own. It seemed hard to 
them when other children in the church were not 
dressed plainly. In vain did they argue and plead 
for just a little trimming. 

Then the sisters in the church would interview 
the pastor's wife, telling her she was driving her 
children away from the church. It would be all 
very well when they became older and could decide 
for themselves. It was cruel to make them appear 
so different from their schoolmates now. But if 
there was one quality in the mother's character 
stronger than another, it was fidelity to what she 
believed to be right and nothing could move her a 
hair's breadth. 

At one time when the father and mother were 
absent from home, a happy thought occurred to one 
of these girls. Some one had given her a black 

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ostrich plume for her dolls. Although it was sum- 
mer and her hat was of simple white straw, she de- 
termined that she would wear that feather. Care- 
fully concealing it in the folds of her dress until 
the young lady who was caring for them had entered 
the church, she stopped in the hall-way and, after 
adjusting her feather, marched slowly up the aisle. 

Soon their care-taker became aware of curious 
eyes directed toward their seat, and of suppressed 
laughter. Turning toward the children she discov- 
ered and removed the cause of disturbance. That 
was her first and last feather. 

As the girls became established in their exper- 
ience and united with the church, they had not one 
article of worldly adornment to lay aside. Their 
mother had borne that cross for them through all 
those early years, and now they wished no other 

In her years of seminary life at Lima and in her 
own beloved seminary at Gainesville, the mother had 
realized the value of Christian influence and asso- 
ciations during school life. 

As her children grew older it was the constant 
desire of her heart that they might attend a Chris- 
tian school. But their means were so limited, how 
could it be accomplished? Yet with self-denial and 
diligent effort, much praying and planning, and the 
closest economy, each one of the children was grad- 
uated from one of our Christian schools. 

An extract from a letter written to one of the 
children while away at school will show the solici- 
tude and prayerfulness with which she watched 
over them: "But as to the future life work before 

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you, I have thought frequently of writing you con- 
cerning it, since you were home last. It is an im- 
portant matter, and, as I have said to you many 
times in the past, it is something God alone can 
enable you to decide aright. But he can, bless his 
name ! If you go to him with an earnest willingness 
to know and do his holy will, and ask him in faith 
to teach you and help you to come to right con- 
clusions, he will show you the path most pleasing 
to him. You nor any one else can afford to make a 
mistake in this very important matter of life work. 

"We have only one life to live on earth and then 
the unending future before us. I have prayed 
earnestly and still pray the Lord to give you your 
work. When I see how great the harvest is and how 
few the laborers are, I can but feel a desire that all 
our children should be real workers for God in some 
way. May our Heavenly Father guide you and each 
of our children to right decisions. I do not believe 
in choosing our own work. I never dared do it 
since my soul was enlightened concerning it, but 
kept crying to the Lord to choose my inheritance 
for me. I fully believe he did direct in the great 
matter of life-work, so far as my position is con- 
cerned. I shall have enough to do to understand 
daily duties and meet them successfully. 

"Form habits, my dear child, of holy confidence 
in God and simple-heartedness in coming to him 
with all your wants. Pour out your whole soul to 
him who understands all about your needs as no 
one else can. We have such an high priest as is 
touched with the feeling of our infirmities. Are you 
weak? he is strong : are you ignorant? he is all-wise : 

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are you sinful? he is righteous: are you impure? he 
is holy; in all things he waits to impart his divine 
nature to hungering, thirsting, seeking souls. What 
unexampled heights and depths are before you! 
Press forward, to the mountain of his holiness. Up, 
up, up, let your footsteps tend. You will never 
reach the limits of Infinity, even to all eternity. My 
soul exults at the thought. I see researches worthy 
of the immortal powers that God has given us. In 
no other direction can we look for that which will 
fully satisfy. The human mind may plunge into 
the depths of science and quench its thirst at its 
fountains and still the soul be left unsatisfied. It is 
only when we find God in science and all native 
mystery is illuminated by his sacred presence that 
the soul is satisfied. When we look through nature 
up to nature's God and recognize his handiwork in 
creation, then it is we enjoy life. We enjoy God 
here and become prepared more and more for an 
eternity of blessedness at his right hand. 

"I commend you to God, my child, and to the 
word of his grace which is able to keep you from 
falling and to present you faultless before him at 
his coming. Trust in him and obey him, so shall you 
be happy here and forevermore. Look for a baptism 
for labor and watch carefully for opportunities for 
usefulness. Time flies and your year at school will 
soon be gone.'' 

Again she writes, "I seem to feel myself young 
again as I consecrate my children all to God. O, 
how gladly do I give you all up for the Master's 
service, here or in distant lands. Time is so short 

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that it matters but little whether our paths be 
smooth or thorny only so that we get safely through 
to heaven ourselves and take as many with us as 

When her children were leaving home to attend 
school, to teach, and later to make their homes far 
distant, the mother's face was always smiling. 
Never did she allow a tear to sadden their hearts at 
such a time. 

By some mysterious telepathy or, perhaps, be- 
cause of her constant communion with her Heaven- 
ly Father, this mother seemed to know as by intui- 
tion the needs of her children, although separated 
from them by long distances. They might conceal 
their troubles from her, thinking to spare her anxi- 
ety, but a letter would soon come, asking what was 
wrong, and telling of a special burden of prayer in 
their behalf. 

Thus she carried them constantly on her heart, 
whether near or far, jealously watchful lest the 
enemy should lure them from the narrow path of 
duty, or hinder God's best will from being accom- 
plished in them. 

"The ear of heaven bendeth low 

When mother prays. 
And I am better then, I know, 

When mother prays. 
The disappointment of the day, 
The worry of the toilsome way. 
The fretfulness and longing cease — 
Heaven breathes my troubled soul to peace, 
And love and trust in God increase. 

When mother prays, 

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''A Sabbath day it seems to me 

When mother prays» 
A day of rest and purity, 

When mother prays. 
Faith whispers from the trembling lip 
And angels in glad fellowship, 
With loving ministrations bear 
The myrrh and frankincense of prayer 
To Him who doth all burdens share, 

When mother prays. 

"Gennesaret's storm-tossed waves grow calm 

When mother prays. 
And Gilead yields a healing balm 

When mother prays. 
Upon the slopes of Olivet 
I see His form through lashes wet. 
Who toiled in dark Gethsemane 
And bore the cross to set me free; 
And I am near to Calvary 

When mother prays/* 

— jy. 8. WUkinaon. 

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Home Missionary Work. 

"To the land of the Dacotahs, 

Through interminable forests, 

Through uninterrupted silence, 
Yet the way seemed long before him, 

As he Journeyed without resting." 

— Longfellow, 

In 1884, in accordance with the advice of Rev. 
B. T. Roberts, the son, James Kendall, had gone to 
South Dakota. He had consecrated his life to the 
ministry, and joined the South Dakota conference. 

As he saw the great need for more workers in 
this field, he often wrote to his parents, urging them 
to come and help carry the gospel over the vast Da- 
kota plains. But the father's health was frail and 
they had not the means to undertake such a long 

One of Mrs. Preeland's oft-quoted maxims was, 
"When God calls a person by his Holy Spirit, to a 
given work, usually his providences and the church 
are in harmony with that call." She could see no 
providential leadings in the direction of Dakota, 
and discouraged her son in his oft-repeated requests 
that they come to that f ar-oflf field. 

In the year 1885 General Superintendent B. T. 
Roberts was to preside over the South Dakota con- 

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ference. In June, while looking over the work, he 
realized the urgent need for more workers. He 
wrote to Mr. Freeland, explaining the situation, 
stating that he thought the invigorating climate of 
that country would be beneficial to his health and* 
urged him to prayerfully consider the matter. Other 
ministers wrote from that conference, stating their 
great need and, although strangers to Mr. Freeland, 
united in the same request. This was all unexpected 
to them. 

What could it mean? Were they to leave their 
friends in the East, where they had labored so long, 
and go to the frontier, with all its hardships, when 
they had already passed the fiftieth mile-stone in 
their life journey? They could but answer that 
they would pray as requested. 

Conference came, and was presided over by Gen- 
eral Superintendent E. P. Hart, at Parma Center, 
New York. Rev. J. G. Terrill was a member of the 
stationing committee, as was also Mr. Freeland. 
When talking over the work in Genesee conference, 
Mr. Freeland told the committee of Superintendent 
Roberts' letters, and said that he and his wife were 
prayerfully waiting to know God's will in the mat- 
ter. Rev. J. G. Terrill, who knew the needs of 
Dakota, at once felt that God was calling them to the 
West. Meanwhile, Mrs. Freeland was much alone 
with God, pleading that his will might be made 
clear. At last came a heavenly view of the work 
and, over all, the radiance of the western sun in its 
glory. It was enough ; she was ready for any hard- 
ship, for she had proven that God's will is always 

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Mr. Freeland also clearly felt God's call and was 
ready to answer, "Here am I, send me." 

The Genesee conference appropriated fifty dol- 
lars of home missionary money toward their moving 
expenses, and at the close of the Sabbath morning 
service, fifty dollars more was raised. 

Mr. Freeland took his certificate of standing, 
and sent it at once to Superintendent Roberts, say- 
ing that he would be in Dakota ready for work. 

They were now busy preparing for their long 
journey, leaving New York about the first of October. 
One Sabbath was spent in Evansville, Wisconsin, 
where their three daughters were, one teaching in 
the seminary and the other two students there. On 
Sabbath evening, Mrs. Freeland preached in the 
seminary chapel from the text, "Seek ye the Lord 
while he may be found" (Isaiah 55:6). One, at 
least, of the students who heard that sermon, writes 
of remembering it during all these years. 

They soon reached their new field of labor, making 
their home at Sioux Falls during the first two years. 
Mr. Freeland was absent on the district much of 
the time, Mrs. Freeland accompanying him when 
circumstances would permit. 

In this new country, among entire strangers (for 
only one person had she ever met before) she was 
still a faithful witness, addressing the people forty- 
one times during that first year. 

It would be diflScult to picture the hardships 
endured by the frontier settlers of those days. Many 
of them lived in sod houses and "dugouts," of but 
one room, with twisted hay for fuel during the long, 
cold winters. Their homes were so scattered that 

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many bad not attended a religious service since 
coming to that country. 

Mr. Freeland and his wife felt that they were in- 
deed home missionaries, and their hearts went out 
in sympathy and compassion for these needy ones. 
As in the early years of their ministry, so now, much 
of the traveling was done with a horse and buggy, 
no railroads reaching many of the most needy points. 

God wonderfully blessed and encouraged Mr. 
Freeland and his wife during those first months of 
toil. In December of that year, a gracious revival 
crowned their efforts in what was known as the 
**Drown neighborhood," near Artesian. During 
those meetings Mrs. Freeland prevailed with God 
for souls when alone in her room. God so mani> 
fested himself that this room was ever afterward a 
hallowed spot to her. 

One who was saved at that time, Mrs. Sarah F. 
Drown, thus describes the work accomplished : **The 
word was preached in its purity. The Holy Ghost 
came in power, souls were saved, family quarrels 
settled, neighbors were seen going from house to 
house, making wrongs right and praying for the un- 
saved, until nearly every home for miles around had 
an altar of prayer. H. L. Torsey was powerfully 
sanctified and called to preach the gospel. My hus- 
band also, F. W. Drown, was brought out into the 
clear light. 

^*I was still in the dark. My husband entreated 
the minister and his wife to come and help me. They 
came, and I looked at Sister Freeland in admira- 
tion, as she laid off her wraps in her orderly way, 
her face lighted up with a heavenly radiance. Then 

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she began to talk of my husband's new-found joy. I 
invited her to spend the afternoon with me, while 
the rest attended the prayer meeting. She did so, 
and I sat in wonder and amazement as she told me 
of her life, of the glories of the cross and the beauty 
and satisfaction in the plain way. It was the first 
time I had ever heard such a message. I could 
hardly understand how these things could be, nor 
was it easy for me to accept the light. Two or three 
weeks after, however, at the family altar, I was 
sweetly saved in Jesus. 

"About two months later, I saw my depraved na- 
ture and, at the district quarterly meeting, hastened 
to her who had been my previous helper, as a child 
to its mother. When she told me how God could 
cleanse my heart, how eagerly I believed her, and 
that evening my heart was cleansed." 

As Mr. and Mrs. Freeland mingled with the peo- 
ple and saw how few educational advantages the 
young people enjoyed, Mrs. Freeland's heart began 
to be burdened with the need of a Christian school. 

When they visited Mrs. Densie Slocum Gaddis, 
the one person she had known before in the East, 
she spoke to her of her convictions. To her delight 
she found that Sister Gaddis had long felt the need 
of such a school. Together they talked over the sub- 
ject until their hearts were all elated over what they 
felt to be God's will. Mr. Freeland smiled at what 
he called their "castles," and remarked, "You can 
fairly see the bricks going up, can't you?" As Mrs. 
Freeland replied, "Yes, we see them by faith," the 
blessing of the Lord came upon her. How her heart 
was burdened. She prayed, talked, and planned un- 

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til she could go no further. Then, in answer to her 
prayers, the burden came upon Mr. Freeland, and 
together they talked of the school wherever they 
went, until the seminary was talked of throughout 
the conference. Others became interested, subscrip- 
tions were given, and a board of trustees was elected. 
The first president of the board. Rev. G. C. Coffee, 
labored long and earnestly in connection with the 
establishment of this frontier school. 

In 1887 the school was opened at Wessington 
Springs, being held the most of the year in the first 
story of the new building, playfully called "The 

James Kendall and his wife, Clara B. Freeland, 
were the first principal and preceptress of the school 
and were assisted by Mary M. Freeland. Thus Mrs. 
Freeland was ready to help answer her own prayers 
by encouraging her children to sacrifice for the 
cause of Christian education. 

Meanwhile, in 1887, Mrs. Freeland had been ap- 
pointed supply for the Mt. Vernon circuit, and the 
family removed to that place. Here she not only 
acted as pastor, preaching twice each Sabbath, but 
she also taught a Bible class in the Sunday-school. 

During that year a new church was finished and 
dedicated at this place. The pastor subscribed 
twenty-five dollars which she paid the next year by 
doing washing and ironing, assisted by her youngest 
daughter, who was then at home. 

In October of that year, 1888, the second daugh- 
ter, Mary, was married to Bev. W. N. Coffee. The 
wedding was quiet and simple, but another member 

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of the home circle went forth to follow in her moth- 
er's footsteps, to sacrifice and suffer in the Master's 

Later that fall the family moved to Wessington 
Springs. The best empty house to be found was 
primitive enough for any missionary. One large 
room downstairs and a small one divided off by 
a board partition ; one room upstairs with a smaller 
one curtained off — no plaster, and the cracks so 
wide that the snow sifted in. 

How they worked night and day, papering the 
walls with building paper and newspapers, trying 
to make the house comfortable! In winter the 
kitchen windows were covered with frost an inch 
thick, and the water ran down the walls as the frost 
melted. Here the washing was done to pay the sub- 
scription on the church. The circumstances are 
described as follows: "The steam of washing, the 
frozen clothes, sheets like boards, damp clothes hung 
all around the stove, wind whistling, and Mother 
Freeland smiling and reckoning how much the work 
done would mean on that subscription. She said 
once in reply to a question, 'Oh, yes, I'm tired. It 
is hard work, but this will soon be over, while the 
good done by the subscription will mean something 
lasting.' " 

While in this home, one day a dreaded prairie 
fire came sweeping over the hills. School was dis 
missed and all were out on the hills fighting the 
fire with wet carpets and sacks. A heavy wind was 
blowing directly toward the town, the seminary, 
and their home. Mother Freeland was on her knees 
in the kitchen, asking God to save the seminary, the 

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town, and their little home. Suddenly the wind 
turned and blew in the opposite direction as fiercely 
as it had been blowing toward the town, and all 
was safe. She arose from her knees, praising God 
and singing the doxology with uplifted hands. 

In this same little home, the first grandchild, 
Mildred Freeland, was bom. 

It now became evident that they must have a 
home of their own. But where should the home be 
built? Mrs. Freeland selected a lot directly across 
from the seminary as the location that would please 
her, saying, '^Every school must have a father and 
mother, some one who will sacrifice, labor, and pray 
for its success. We must be near enough to attend 
meetings and help push the work along." 

A neat little cottage was built, the first home in 
all these years that had not been rented. 

How Mrs. Freeland enjoyed that home! She 
set out flowers, shrubbery, berries and currant 
bushes, patiently watering them during the long, hot 
summers. Within, as was ever the case in her home, 
all was the perfection of neatness and order. 

Among the first Free Methodists in the town was 
Mrs. Anna Seger. She was a congenial spirit, one 
with whom Mrs. Freeland soon felt the "divine 
agreement." With her she could claim the promise, 
"If two of you shall agree on earth as touching any- 
thing that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of 
my Father which is in heaven." This communion 
served to lessen the loneliness caused by Mr. Free- 
land's frequent absence from home. He was obliged 
to take long drives, remaining away from home weeks 
at a time, that he might hold his quarterly meetings, 

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and visit the scattered members as well as attend to 
matters in connection with the school. One winter 
was spent in the East obtaining financial assistance 
for the seminary. 

Meanwhile the school was well established and 
there was much of soul-burden to be borne for the 
people gathered there. 

Mrs. Freeland was appointed class-leader, and 
for a number of years she met the class in the dining- 
room of the Seminary every Saturday night. The 
rows of chairs around th^ room were usually filled, 
and any tempted or discouraged one was always sure 
of a word of advice or kindly sympathy. 

What blessed meetings they were ! She was ever 
on the watch for their spiritual welfare. If any one 
was losing in experience she would encourage such 
to tarry after class and pray through to victory. 
Then she would go home rejoicing, for it was her 
delight to help souls to a closer walk with God. 
Often as she would leave the meetings accompanied 
by Sister Seger, she would say, "O these dear young 
people ! We must hold on to God for them," — then 
in almost a whisper she would repeat, "We must 
hold on to God for them." 

Rev. N. B. Ghormley, a student of the seminary 
at that time, thus writes of her influence over the 
students: "Who could regularly attend her class- 
meetings without becoming quickened in divine 
things? Who could hearken to her admonitions and 
encouraging advice without finding Christ a present 
and complete Savior? What can any of us who 
were blessed during our student life with the influ- 
ence of her personality, and uniformly consistent 

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life, say of the abiding influence she wielded? She 
was always a spiritual and intellectual stimulus, 
an inspiration that carried us up and beyond all 
previous conceptions of culture and character. Those 
whose school days were spent under her influence 
realized a depth of purpose and a thoroughness in 
execution that was unusual, for they had seen 'the 
vision.' " 

On Sabbath morning she would often preach at 
the seminary, as Professor Preeland filled the eve- 
ning appointment, and had not sufficient strength 
for both. For years in the afternoon she conducted 
a holiness prayer meeting at her own home. These 
were seasons of great blessing and helped to unite 
the saved students in their efforts for the salvation 
of the unsaved, as well as to gain new victories in 
their own experiences. Much of the time she also 
taught a Bible class in connection with the Sunday- 
school, her earnest words stimulating the class to 
a more thorough study of the Bible. 

Mrs. Bachel Baird Ghormley, one of the early 
teachers in the seminary, describes the influence of 
these meetings as follows : "It was in Mother Free- 
land's class or prayer meetings that I unloaded my 
burdens and received strength for days to come. 
From her I learned many a valuable lesson in dis- 

"Once I was appointed with her to visit two of 
the student members who had become trifling and 
careless, even to the extent of mocking at religious 
matters. After much prayer, her own heart being 
all melted with a yearning love for their souls, we 
labored with them and prayed for them. The one 

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BD o 

^ 5 
o 2 


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talked out his heart and asked f orgiveness, the other 
seemed hard and unmoved. Mother Freeland held 
out her hand with tender pity, saying, We will pray 
for you.' Afterward she said to me, 'We must not 
be discouraged but expect God to do his part. We 
have done our duty.' At the next class meeting the 
young man, now repentant, was the first one on his 
feet, confessing and asking for prayers. As we 
knelt he pleaded with God for mercy and forgiveness 
and ere the meeting closed we were rejoicing with 
the angels over the wanderer's return." 

Another, Rev. A. M. Anderson, writes, "The Sun- 
day afternoon prayer meetings were times of great 
blessing to my soul, and to all who were privileged 
to attend. Mother Freeland knew how to exhort 
each individual as to his particular needs and to 
point out the snares and pitfalls of the enemy. 

"At one time, after leaving school, while con- 
ducting revival meetings, I was suddenly taken se- 
verely ill and was compelled to go to the hospital 
and undergo a serious operation. There was little 
hope of my recovery. I was much discouraged, it 
seemed my life-work was ended. One day a letter 
came from the seminary, saying they had just had 
a prayer meeting on Sunday afternoon and that 
Mother Freeland had spoken to the students gath- 
ered about my work and present condition in the 
hospital, and had asked all to join in special prayer 
for my restoration to the work of the Lord. The 
Lord had wonierfully blessed them in prayer. 

"That letter was like tonic to my broken nerves, 
for I knew that prayer had been heard for me in that 
Sunday afternoon meeting at Mother Freeland'» 

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home. I began to recover at once, and as I look 
back on my life I can truly say that I owe much 
to the life, prayers and exhortations of Mother Free- 

Early in the history of the school, she was instru- 
mental in the organization of a student's missionary 
society called, "The Louisa Eanf Missionary So- 
ciety." She was the first president, and through 
its influence an enthusiastic spirit of interest in the 
study and support of missions was maintained in 
the school. 

Years before, when in the Methodist Episcopal 
church, she had become a life-member of a mission- 
ary society by the payment of twenty dollars. She 
often spoke of the need of missionary societies and 
regretted that when the Free Methodist church was 
organized, no provision was made for that depart- 
ment of work. 

Through her words of direction and encourage- 
ment, her oldest daughter was led to become inter- 
ested in the organization of Woman's Foreign Mis- 
sionary Societies. 

"In the cause of missions she most remarkably 
exemplified the true spirit of Christ. Her study of 
missions included all its movements in the past and 
present. With her, knowledge of conditions and 
forces inspired faith. By intercession with God, she 
became a warrior on every mission field the world 
round. To her the battle-ground of faith was only 
limited by the extent of the atonement 

While living in Wessington Springs her interest 
in temperance work' was deepened, and for seven 
years she was president of the local Woman's Ohris- 

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tian Temperance Union, engaging with all the ener- 
gy of her being in the warfare against the saloon. 

Mrs* Emma Kennedy writes : **She not only did 
her work as president but assisted others in their 
departments. After her health would not permit 
her to go to other places of meeting, she opened her 
home and the regular meetings were held there. 

"There was always so much of the presence of 
God with us that we felt encouraged. In fact, our 
meetings seemed more like prayer meetings, and she 
always exhorted us to keep our trust in God. At 
one time she spoke personally to one of the members, 
saying, as she laid her hand on her arm, *I do wish 
you were in the true way of life. You are so faith- 
ful in the W. C. T. U. work, you could do much for 
the Master if you were in the gospel light.' " 

During the fight for State Prohibition, Miss 
Susan B. Anthony gave a stirring temperance ad- 
dress in the seminary chapel. Mrs. Freeland 
opened the meeting with prayer. At the close 
of the service. Miss Anthony came to her with tears 
in her eyes and thanked her for that prayer. "You 
do not know how much good that prayer did me,'' 
said she. Wherever the cause of righteousness was 
concerned, there were her interests. 

When her husband was a long way from home one 
bitter cold winter, she was taken sick with "the 
grip." She became very weak, and when every- 
thing possible had been done for her relief, she grew 
worse instead of better. It seemed to her that she 
was very near heaven and would soon pass over. 

On account of the snow and cold. Sister Seger 
could not come to pray with her as Mrs. Freeland 

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much desired. When Sister S. heard how ill she 
wasy she went at once to prayer in her behalf. The 
Lord inspired her f aith, giving her the promise that 
she should not die^ but live. At that very time as 
Mrs. Freeland was lying so near death, she looked 
up and seemed to see in a vision Sister Seger pros- 
trate before the throne, interceding'^in her behalf. 
The assurance came that prayer had prevailed and 
she should not die, but live. From that time she 
began to improve. A few days later Sister S^er 
called and Mrs. Freeland asked if she had prayed 
specially for her, and found that it was at the same 
time that she had seen the vision. 

Heaven was very near to her. Often after a sea- 
son of prevailing prayer for the work of God, she 
would say, "The veil is so thin between me and the 
heavenly world, I can almost see through." 

During the summer months many camp meet- 
ings and tent meetings were held, and Mrs. Freeland 
usually accompanied her husband and assisted in 
the services. Besides preaching at other times, the 
five o'clock holiness meeting was her special charge. 
She would make the way of holiness so plain by her 
sermons on the subject, that many vascillating ones 
became established in this experience. At the close 
of the meeting she usually conducted an altar serv- 
ice, insisting that the saints pray until their faith 
claimed victory for the day. "The morning meeting 
strikes the key-note for the day, we must prevail in 
prayer," she would say. 

She often held mothers' meetings, answering 
questions and telling of her own experience as a 

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mother. Many are those who testify to the benefit 
received in these meetings. 

While going from place to place during the sum- 
mer, Father and Mother Freeland (as they were now 
called, to distinguish them from their son and his 
wife) often met with young people anxious to at- 
tend the seminary, but without the necessary means, 
and many were the young ladies that Mother Free- 
land welcomed to her home, giving them an oppor- 
tunity to assist in the housework in payment for all 
or part of their board. 

Among this number was Lucy Hartman, for 
many years a missionary to Africa. She seemed al- 
most like a daughter to them, remaining in their 
home for over two years. 

As an example of Mother Freeland's interest in 
young people, the following extract from a letter 
written by Mrs. Clara Philips Harpel, one of "her 
girls," is given: "I met Mother Freeland for the 
first time in the year 1895, at a camp meeting in 
Iowa. In conversation with her, another young lady 
and myself told her of our plans to attend school in 
our home town. She urged us to go to Wessington 
Springs Seminary, and in order to help us, she of- 
fered to take us into her own home, giving us work 
for half our board and helping us in every way she 
could. We remained in her home two years. 

"In that time, and in the years that followed, 
during our school work, she became a mother indeed 
to us. She used to call us her girls, and it was always 
like going home to go to her house. I have always 
felt that had it not been for the interest she took in 

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me at the time I was deciding in regard to attending 
school, I should never have received the blessings 
that I obtained at Wessington Springs Seminary. 
It was through Father and Mother Preeland's pray- 
ers that I was delivered from the awful power of 
darkness that had rested upon my soul. 

'^The thing that impressed me most in Mother 
Freeland's Christian experience, was her charity for 
all. In all of my associations with her^ I never once 
heard her speak unkindly of any one. Instead of 
criticisms, she always had words of encouragement 
and help." 

She was ever planning for the seminary, putting 
up a few extra quarts of fruit, when fruit was 
scarce, that the students might have a treat. When 
the seminary, at one time, was passing through great 
aflBiction, a number of the students being sick with 
diphtheria. Father and Mother Preeland gladly gave 
up their home to be used as a hospital, moving what 
things were necessary for their comfort into a reci- 
tation room in the seminary. 

Once when she was at home alone on her birth- 
day, she was invited over to the seminary for supper. 
A number of friends were also present. Loving 
hands had tastefully decorated the dining room, and 
a large birthday cake, wreathed in flowers, graced 
the table. She appreciated this expression of love 
from teachers and students, saying, "This is the first 
birthday celebration ever held in my honor." 

At another time, the class of which she had so 
long been class-leader, presented her with a desk, 
which she valued highly. Thus the years passed by 
in loving service for the Master. 

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Presented by her Wessington Springrs class. 

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While living in Dakota^ Mother Freeland was 
sent as a lay delegate to the general conference held 
in Chicago, her husband being the ministerial dele- 

When the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society 
was organized in South Dakota, she was elected con- 
ference president, and continued to hold that office 
until her removal from the state. She acted as dele- 
gate from that conference to the general W. F. M. S. 
held at Greenville, Illinois, in June, 1903, in con- 
nection with the general conference held at that 

Several have mentioned Mother Freeland's testi- 
mony in a Sunday morning love feast at that gather- 
ing. The following account, written by one who 
was present, may be of interest : "A number of aged 
pilgrims had alluded to being present when this 
little craft was first launched. But she commenced 
her testimony by saying, '1 was there before it was 
launched, and well I remember how the old church 
made a mistake by dictating to God how the church 
should be run, and the little new church by telling 
him by whom it should be run. Yes, we have pros- 
pered and accomplished great things, but not as 
much as we would if we had stayed on the lines we 
were started out on by Brother Roberts; for it was 
his intention that brothers and sisters should stand 
shoulder to shoulder in the prosecution of this great 
work, both being given authority to publish the glad 

"At this time Mother Roberts was on the floor, 
putting her endorsement to this statement by de- 
claring, That's so. Mother Freeland, that's so.' And 

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the Lord set his seal on her testimony by a visitation 
of the slaying power. While Mother Freeland lay 
prostrate, there followed such an outpouring of the 
Holy Spirit on that large congregation as is seldom 
seen. There must have been no less than three hun- 
dred on their feet simultaneously, shouting and 
praising God." 

This was the last general conference that she 

In the winter of 1898, at the urgent request of 
Rev. E. L. Smith, the pastor at Ross, Washington, 
and of the principal of the seminary there, Clark W. 
Shay, husband of their oldest daughter, Father and 
Mother Freeland took a long journey to the coast to 
hold a revival meeting. God wonderfully assisted 
Father Freeland in preaching the gospel, while 
Mother Freeland, as was her custom, held on to God 
in prayer. Night after night, during the three weeks' 
meeting, the altar was filled with seekers, many of 
whom found the Savior. This revival is still re- 
ferred to as "The big revival." 

When they returned to Dakota, scattered through 
their lunch baskets, were sixty-eight testimonies, 
written by their Seattle friends, many of whom had 
been saved or sanctified during the meeting. These 
were all carefully preserved by Mother Freeland 
among her papers. 

In 1900 they took another long journey, going to 
California, where Professor Freeland was then liv- 
ing, his health having failed after nine years of hard 
service in Wessington Springs Seminary. 

While in California, Father Freeland assisted in 
revival meetings, the blessing of the Lord resting 

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upon his labors. Mother Freeland was also made a 
blessing and encouragement to many hearts. She 
was delighted with the summer-land of flowers. The 
palm^ olive, pepper and eucalyptus trees were a 
revelation to her. She carefully pressed many speci- 
mens of the leaves and flowers to take back to their 
Dakota home, thinking they would assist her in 
describing the wonderful country. 

As she traveled with her son over the wild moun- 
tains, she felt that she was in the temple of God, 
hewn by his own hands, majestically grand. 

In the spring they again returned to Dakota, 
being still interested in the seminary and the work 
of the Lord there. Indeed, so important did the 
seminary and the work accomplished by it appear, 
that Mother Freeland feelingly said, "I would sooner 
lay one of my children away, than see this work of 
God go down." But their years of toil in the prairie 
country were nearly over. For eighteen years they 
had been true home missionaries, shrinking from no 
hardship, shunning no cross, if the work of God 
might prosper. Now they were providentially led to 
dispose of their home that had become so dear to 
them, and to leave the work that was far dearer than 
their home, returning to sunny California, a haven 
of rest for weary pilgrims. 

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As Frances Ridley Havergal was led to conse- 
crate her voice to God, not to sing merely entertain- 
ing songs, but only those that were spiritual, saying, 

"Take my voice and let me sing, 
Always, only for my King." 

so Mrs. Freeland, during her school life at Lima, 
realized that her ability to write must be consecrated 
to the service of the Master. Her pen was to be 
used, always, only for her King. 

As has been seen, tempting opportunities came 
to her, if she would but use her pen to write in an 
entertaining and amusing manner. This question 
was decided, as were all others in her life, with 
reference to the final end. She did not wish to 
build hay, wood, stubble, that would be consumed. 
If she might write any words that would be an in- 
spiration to others, leading them to a life of deeper 
consecration, she felt that she, would be building 
with gold, silver and precious stones, a structure 
that would stand the supreme test in the last great 

In accordance with the suggestions made by the 
aged pastor, who had been so helpful to her in 
earlier years, she began timidly to write articles for 


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religions papers and magazines. At first she wonld 
write and rewrite an article, pmning, recasting 
sentences, and studying the correct use of words, 
nntil in later years this became unnecessary. 

Throughout her life she had a long list of cor- 
respondents. First, there were her family friends. 
At least once each year she would send a long birth- 
day letter to each of her brothers, sometimes accom- 
panied by a poem. Then, in the absence of her hus- 
band and children, they could always expect fre- 
quent letters from her, entering sympathetically and 
helpfully into all their varying circumstances. Never 
a birthday was allowed to pass without a letter from 
mother so full of love and wise counsel that it was 
carefully preserved and referred to many times. 

Her own special friends, with some of whom she 
corresponded for over fifty years, were favored with 
rare glimpses of her inner life. A large number 
of correspondents were those whom she hoped to 
benefit; young people, and others not yet estab- 
lished in their Christian experience. Lovingly, yet 
faithfully, she encouraged, reproved, exhorted, and 
pointed out the old beaten track that would lead to 
heart purity and real soul rest. She coveted the 
young people for the Master's service, and pleaded 
with them not to l^ content with less than being 
their best for God, the church and the world. 

Mrs. A. L. Beers writes thus of her influence 
over her, when she was beginning the Christian life: 
"I was converted in a meeting held by Rev. J. B. 
Freeland who was accompanied by his saintly wife 
who greatly assisted him in his work of soul-saving. 
The sweetness surrounding her every act and her pil- 

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grim garb so beautiful in its simplicity, captivated 
my young heart, and she henceforth became a bright 
and shining light to show me the heavenward path. 
When days of persecution from my own loved ones 
followed, Sister Freeland's loving sympathy and 
wise counsel were a sure guide for my unsophisti- 
cated feet. She was never too greatly occupied to 
give me all the time that I needed. What a consola- 
tion to me to sit down by her side and listen to her 
tender advice when my heart was torn and bleeding 
because my own parents did not understand why I 
should take the narrow way. She would kindly ex- 
plain the word of God to me and pray with and for 
me until the path seemed all aglow with divine glory 
and I could endure hardness as a good soldier. She 
kept in constant touch with me by means of frequent 
letters filled with godly admonition and a warm in- 
terest in all I had written her. She followed me with 
letters and prayers when I went away from home, 
being ever like a guardian angel to me. With keen 
penetration, she seemed to know at once the advice 
needed. For four years we kept up a continued and 
frequent correspondence. She has influenced my 
life as a marvelous woman." 

Professor A. H. Stilwell also says, "In looking 
back over half a century of years, I can remember 
no person except my own mother who has so pro- 
foundly influenced my life for good. To her I owe 
a peculiar debt of gratitude in that she was the 
chosen instrument in God's hands in extending to me 
a special invitation to seek Christ. That night I was 
happily converted." 

ynxile living in Syracuse, New York, she formed 

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the acquaintance of a young lady in whom she be- 
came deeply interested. To her, as to a mother, did 
Louisa Banf first confide her long concealed convic- 
tions of a call to the foreign field. Pa- 
tiently and prayerfully Mrs. Freeland bore her upon 
her heart during the months of indecision, until the 
final consecration was made. Louisa became almost 
like one of the family, and when she sailed for her 
beloved India, no one was more deeply interested 
than was Mrs. Freeland. 

When the sad news came of the accident that had 
so suddenly ended Louisa's life-work, she at once 
began to think of preserving the precious inQuence 
of that unselfish life, by preparing her biography. 

At about this time Bev. T. B. Arnold was also 
thinking of publishing a similar book. As a result it 
was arranged that Mrs. Freeland should write the 
account of Louisa's life, and Brother Arnold should 
take the responsibility of publishing it, combined 
with sketches of other missionaries, under the title, 
"Missionary Martyrs.'' 

Many weeks of thought and labor were spent in 
gathering needed facts and preparing the manu- 
script, but it was a loving service, dedicated to the 
cause of foreign missions. 

One of the great disappointments of Mrs. Free- 
land's life was the loss of the plates, through the 
dishonesty of an employee of the publisher, so that 
the book was no longer published. She had hoped 
that the record of that consecrated life would be 
widely circulated and exert a continuous influence 
for good. 8he often expressed the wish that she 
might have the necessary means to republish the 

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book at her own expense. Yet the influence of that 
book is not lost. The copies printed have found 
their way to many homes and inspired young people, 
as well as old, to lives of deeper consecration and 
greater unselfishness. 

The field of greatest influence for Mrs. Free- 
land's consecrated pen was, perhaps, not in cor- 
respondence nor even in the cherished book, but in 
the many contributions furnished to the Earnest 
Christian and The Free Methodist. 

When her children were small and she was kept 
at home during the long winter evenings, her pen 
was often busy with some message that she hoped 
would be a blessing to others. Her soul was filled 
with a passion for usefulness; she could leave no 
opportunity unimproved. If she could not witness 
by her spoken words, then the silent, white winged 
messenger would be sent, bearing testimony to the 
various truths of practical godliness, as they were 
laid upon her heart. 

Occasionally a little poem — a Christmas carol or 
a birthday rhyme — would be written as a gift for 
some of her dear ones. The following brief selec- 
tions will show the character of her later writings : 

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I will trust Him, never fearing, 
I will trust Him day by day, 

Thougli tlie storm-waves loudly roaring, 
Toss my tiny barque away. 

I will trust Him, for He's faithful,. 

Long and patiently He waits 
To deliver all who trust Him 

Till they reach the golden gates. 

All my fears 1*11 east behind me. 
All my cares on Him I'll lay, 

Thus I'll journey to the country 
Where's no night but endless day. 

And where e'er upon my journey, 
I may lend a helping hand, 

To the weary, fearful pilgrims. 

Journeying toward that better land, 

I will never fail to help them, 
Poor and needy though I be, 

For in doing good to others, 
Saith the Master, *"Tis to me." 

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Poem composed and written in Louisa Ranf' a 
Autograph Album, August, 1884. 

Far beyond the trackless ocean, 
'Neatb the tropic's snnny sky 
Lies a land of heathen darkness. 
Sending forth its piteous cry — 

Come and help us, come and help us, 

Ck>me and help us ere we die. 

Long have pagan rites and customs 
Crushed our life and stained our sod. 
Christians, help us, by your teaching. 
Point our hearts to Israel's God. 

We wUl listen, we will listen. 

We will listen and rejoice. 

Dear Louisa, while you've listened 
To this loud, sad voice of woe, 
You have felt, "1*11 go and help them, 
Jesus calls me, I must go, 

Jesus calls me, Jesus calls me, 

Jesus calls me, I must go.'* 

Farewell, friends, farewell forever, 
'Till we've gained the heavenly shore. 
Henceforth toil and pain are welcome, 
Only let me tell them o'er. 

Tell the precious gospel tidings. 

Tell the tidings o'er and o'er. 

Glad w^ bid thee, dear Louisa, 
Each a long and last adieu. 
For we hope to see thee coming 
Bearing sheaves of golden hue. 

Sad and glad are we to bid you, 

Dear Louisa, last adieu." 

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Short Selections from Miscellaneous Articles. 

In the formative days of the Free Methodist 
church woman had unlimited freedom to labor. She 
was a powerful factor in those early days. Her pub- 
lic and private ministrations, her groans, her tears, 
her shouts of triumph, her fidelity to Christ, stand- 
ing with her brothers in the battle's front, told 
volumes for the cause of right. 

When the first conference was organized, how- 
ever, woman was not counted in, and at the second 
conference she was officially counted out. But she 
went forward hopefully, tremblingly, occupying the 
position of a supply on circuits among us, with no 
official voice in our conferences. The time has come 
when an open door must be set before her to full 
membership in the conference and the right to or- 
dination. — Woman and Early Free Methodism. 

The Jerusalem of every believer is the state of 
entire consecration of the soul, body, and spirit, in- 
dispensible to the work of entire holiness. Having 
reached this point where all is consciously presented 
a living sacrifice to God, then the command to tar- 
ry at Jerusalem, that is, in this state, until endued 
with power from on high, is applicable. Tarry, ex- 
pecting to receive, and it must come. 

— Tarrying at Jerusalem. 

The trouble is, multitudes of God's people are 
spiritually dying of formalism, simply because they 
keep still when they ought to use their voices as the 
Spirit prompts. — Consecration. 

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"Purity is power," but it is negative power. One 
cannot long retain the negative without receiving 
the positive. The soul waits in conscious submission 
to all God's will, for the descent of the Holy Ghost 
to seal the covenant made. Faith is tested at this 
time, but if it remains unshaken, God will honor 
it. If the state of entire consecration is mistaken 
for one of entire sanctification, the individual soon 
finds lack of power and efficiency, and becomes con- 
fused. Wait in faith until the sanctifying power of 
the Holy Ghost comes, bringing energy and power 
not felt before. — Combined Testimony, 

In early Methodism when it was noticed that 
persons had the gift of prevailing prayer, they were 
encouraged to exercise the gift, being sent for, not 
to preach, exhort, or testify, but to pray. Thus there 
were giant prayers developed. 

It was my privilege once to listen to the prayers 
of a person of this character, an aged English lady. 
O how my soul was awed into a sublime sense of 
the presence of Deity as she talked with God. I have 
heard many prayers, but never one like that. How 
the divine blessing came in showers upon those 
gathered for prayer. She was one who was nurtured 
and developed among the English Methodists. Per- 
fectly plain in apparel, she was heavenly minded, 
meek, lowly, and humble. O that there were many 
such in these days ! — Pray-ers or Lift-ers. 

My mind has instinctively surveyed the nine- 
teenth century in search of its light-bearers. I have 
been deeply impressed with facts revealed within 

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my comparatively limited circle of observation. We 
speak of giants in the past, as though the race were 
extinct, when if we have eyes to see and a heart 
to understand, we shall find they are not all dead. 
There are giants in holiness, in faith, in fruitful- 
ness, equal to those of sainted memory in the past. 

— Light-Bearers, 

This world is a great work-shop. The bee, the 
ant, the bird, all animate nature, is full of activity. 
Man alone sometimes proves recreant to his trust 
and regales himself in self-indulgent ease, regarding 
honest industry as degrading and beneath his dig- 
nity. He flits away the precious hours in a mere 
butterfly existence, caring only for self and selfish 
aims. But work is the blessing of God and not the 
curse. Activity is indispensible to the highest de- 
gree of happiness. — Work for the Master. 

The very command, "Be ye holy for I am holy,'' 
contains, as all God's commands do, the promise of 
needed help to obey. It is like the abundant pro- 
vision for physical cleansing, only much more abun- 
dant and accessible. But as in the natural world, 
the fact of water being bountifully provided does 
not make us clean unless we use it ourselves, so is 
it in the provisions of the gospel, each must come 
for himself and wash if he would be clean. 

— Holiness. 

Many have proved by sad experience, when a defi- 
nite . testimony is withheld and one of a general 
character given, a dimness has come over the soul, 

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and an entire loss of grace, once so clearly possessed, 
if the course has been persisted in. 

The individual healed of a malignant disease 
honors his physician and not himself, when he tells 
what has been done. So when we tell of Jesus' 
power on earth to forgive sins or to cleanse from all 
unrighteousness, we do not exalt ourselves but Ood. 

— The Pure Testimony. 

The Christian's work in self-defense is three- 
fold. He is to watch for the foe, resist him at once, 
pray to the strong Deliverer for help, and thus go 
on his way rejoicing. — The Divine Trio. 

However rhetorical may be the arrangement, and 
logical the argument, if the Word be not the theme, 
the living essence, that pervades the entire discourse, 
it is empty and powerless for good. 

— Preach the Word. 

Faith is a reliance on God to do as he has prom- 
ised, not for an hour, or a day, but until he comes 
and accomplishes the work. 

— Divine Agreement. 

In entire holiness, the will is harmonized with 
the divine will, so that the spontaneous out-gushing 
of the soul is, "Not my will but thine be done." 

— Scriptural Holiness. 

How exceedingly few sacredly place one-tenth 
of their income in God's treasury, yet this is the 
least God accepted in the early ages of the church. 

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Let ten cents of every dollar received be devoted to 
the support of God's cause, daily and weekly, as God 
prospers us, and all the departments of God's work 
will be amply provided for. It is the weekly giving 
that is felt the least— iTow May We Moet Easily Sup- 
port Ood'a Cause t 

The mind of Christ is one of courage. All dis- 
couragement is from the devil. A discouraging in- 
fluence is always a source of weakness and confuses 
God's people. If we have and keep the mind of 
Christ we shall not be discouraged. 

—The Mind of Christ. 

Many times have I felt the healing power on my 
body ; but for this I should undoubtedly have finished 
my earth-work long ere this. I have, in a few 
instances, been led to remedies and realized benefit 
through the blessing of God. Once I made the state- 
ment that I would never take any more medicine, 
but I soon saw that was not a scriptural position. 
There is a safe way for all to travel. 

God has been answering the challenge of infi- 
delity; the instances of physical healing have been 
multiplied in all churches. 

— Where Are the 'Nine? 

There is a wide difference between one who mere- 
ly sympathizes with the cause of truth and one who 
identifies himself with it. The one cries, '^Hosanna ! 
Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord !" 
when the popular current runs that way; but when 
the tide turns, cries, just as readily, "Away with 

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him, crucify him, crucify him." The other is always 
found last at the cross and first at the sepulchre. 
Mere sympathizers with the truth have ever been 
great obstacles in the way of its complete triumph. 
— Sympathy and Identity. 

What then is the perfect law of liberty? It is 
the law of implicit obedience to God, prompted by 
love for all his will and way. It is the law of per- 
fect harmony with all that is good and utterly an- 
tagonistic to evil of every kind in every place. 

The writer was once standing at the window in a 
railway station, as a long passenger train came in. 
A clownish man stood on the platform and gave ut- 
terance to comical oaths for the amusement of the 

As I listened for a moment, a deep conviction 
prompted this prayer, "O Lord, make me just as free 
to praise thee as this wicked man is to blaspheme 
thy name." O how I saw and felt the bondage so 
generally felt by Qod^s people in the use of their 
voices for God; and I never rested until delivered 
from this fear of man. 

Freedom to use our voices for God as the Spirit 
prompts, is our blood-bought heritage. 

The liberty to do because we love our King and 
delight to please him in all things, is true gospel 
liberty, — Ths Law of Liberty. 

He that spake as never man spake, hurled the 
blazing arrows of truth at even the appearance of 
evil. Those theologians of the present day who 
preach against the grosser crimes and leave the little 

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foxes to spoil the grapes, avoid many unpleasant 
things. But are there any "little things," any non- 
essentials? Does any neutral territory exist be- 
tween the inhabitants of earth and the eternal city? 
Do some acts possess a moral character and others 
not? If so, where is the neutral ground? 

— Non-EasentiaU. 

How few professed Christians seem to know any- 
thing of real self-denial and cross-bearing. We must 
lift up the standard of the "Law and the Testimony," 
and hold all to strict conformity thereto. A love of 
useless ornament is one of the outgrowths of de- 
pravity. I have thought much upon this important 
subject, and have trembled for our continued suc- 
cess, when I have seen the dividing line between the 
pilgrim church and the world less and less distinct. 
— Superfliwus Ornaments. 

There is nothing like the dear old family book, 
the precious Bible, for old and young. With what 
delight its pages are perused in every department of 
life, by those who have learned to obey its precepts. 
The aged and infirm, the busy housewife, or the 
wage-earner can find spare moments for its study 
in the midst of life's cares and burdens. 

— The Family Book. 

Ood's special promises and instructions concern- 
ing children are to the parents. No one has the 
right to claim these promises that a parent has. 
The parents must realize that the salvation of the 
child depends largely upon them. It is theirs to 

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plead the promises and never let go until salvation 
comes. According to their faith it shall be done 
nnto them. — The Relation of Parents to the Conver- 
sion of Their Children. 

Self-denial is the first step for all to take who 
start heavenward. We soon find self is the greatest 
enemy for us to overcome if we would be the dis- 
ciples of Jesus. Self is the traitor within the castle 
of Man-soul, slyly watching for a chance to admit 
the besieging foe. — The First Step Heavenward. 

Who are Free Methodists? They are Methodists 
who separate themselves from the world in all asso- 
ciations that can not be engaged in to the glory of 
God. . — Who Are Free Methodists f 

The only infallible test by which to try the spi- 
rits that have come into the world, to show what 
is truth and what is error, is the love test, as de- 
scribed in the thirteenth chapter of First Corin- 

By love is not meant that sickly sentimentalism 
that smiles alike on good and evil. ^^Ye that love the 
Lord, hate evil ;" and the hatred is as intense as the 
love. — The Love Test. 

There is undoubtedly one cause more than any 
other that occasions the fearful apostasy from the 
real life of God in the soul. While minor causes 
exist, this stands preeminent, namely, resting in 
present attainments. Here lies the ^^Enchanted 

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Ground" where Bunyan's Pilgrim fell asleep and lost 
his roll. 

There is no such thing as attaining such a state 
of religious experience in this life as leaves no more 
enemies to be overcome. Bible religion can not be 
retained without a constant increasing. It tends to 
permeate the entire being of its possessor. 

— Cause of Backsliding, 

Music is everywhere in this universe of God. 
Where he reigns, there is sweetest music, perfect 
harmony. We read of only one time of silence. 
When man fell and the fearful calamity was re- 
ported in the realms of glory, every harp was si- 
lenced. But a ransom was found and a sweeter 
note added to the chorus. "Unto him who hath re- 
deemed us and washed us in his own precious blood, 
unto him be honor and praise and power." Eedemp- 
tion's song was never heard before in heaven, but 
has ever since been the theme of angels and arch- 
angels and will be forevermore. The redeemed of 
every kindred, tribe and tongue, have a part in the 
song. Hallelujah! 

There is no discord there, for sin can never enter 
that glorious place. — Miisic. 

(Probably the last article written by Mrs. Freeland, and 
left unfinished.) 

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Sunset Days. 

In the day of life there are the rosy tints of 
morning, the glory of the noon-tide, and the gather- 
ing shadows of the sunset hour. 

Our pilgrim has journeyed from the East, where 
the morning sunbeams shone upon her pathway, 
slowly during the long years, until now the sunset 
hours approach in the far western land. But it is 
a busy, joyful sunset time. 

At first, after coming to California, Mr. and Mrs. 
Preeland made their home with their son, but re- 
newed strength and vigor caused Mr. Freeland to 
again accept work as a pastor, and he was stationed 
for one year at Whittier. 

Those were days of toil and anxiety that the work 
of God might prosper, and their efforts were not in 

One of their members was James M. Gusick, the 
aged pilgrim who had heard Mrs. Freeland preach in 
the "Brick Church" so many years before. He had 
not seen her for over fifty years and was surprised 
at the great change in her physical appearance. 
Still he recognized that she had the same plainness 
in her dress, the same zeal, the same old gospel, and 
the witness of the same Spirit as in days of yore. 

One of the pleasant surprises that now came to 


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Mrs. Freelandy was a visit from her two brothers. 
Her brother Harvey had long since left New York 
state, making his home for many years in Lincoln, 
Nebraska. He had taken an active part in the cause 
of temperance, for some time editing a prohibition 
paper. While mayor of Lincoln, he was so faithful 
in his efforts to promote righteousness and over- 
throw iniquity, that "law-breakers twice fired his 
property, threw stones and shot bullets into his 
place of business, and as a crowning measure of in- 
timidation, a full-sized, empty coffin was twice left 
at his door. He sold the coffins to the undertaker, 
giving the money to the Woman's Christian Tem- 
perance Union, doubled his fire and life insurance, 
and pursued the even tenor of his way." But now 
he too was nearing the sunset days, and found his 
failing strength increased by spending the winters 
in the southland. 

Harrison, the adventurer, was not now the tall, 
straight, vigorous man of other years. His form was 
bent with toil and the adverse fortunes that had 
come to him. 

These three were all that remained of the family 
that had lived so happily in the log-cabin long ago. 
As they visited together and talked over the events 
of other years, their hearts grew young again, though 
saddened by the thought that their circle was now 
so small. 

A short time after this visit, Harrison came, at the 
invitation of his sister, to make his home with her 
in Whittier, while receiving medical care. It was 
soon found that he was suffering from an incurable 
cancer. How the sister's heart yearned over her 

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brother for whom she had prayed daring so many 
long years. Could it be that he was providentially 
brought to her home that he might find the Savior? 

At first he did not wish to be troubled about re- 
ligion, saying that the order of **Elks" to which he 
belonged, was all the church he needed. 

fiow that sister pleaded with God for weeks and 
months. 8he could not have her brother die un- 
saved. Gradually he became more interested, and 
would leave the door into his room open during 
family prayers and later joined with them in repeat- 
ing the Lord's Prayer. Soon he was under deep con- 
viction, and was anxious to have those who called 
pray with him before leaving. 

One morning, after praying earnestly for about 
ten days, as Mrs. Freeland entered his room he said, 
"Mary, the Lord has heard my prayer and given 
me peace." Oh the joy of that sister's heart! God 
had answered after these many years. Harrison 
had been a kind, good brother yet the things of this 
world had occupied his whole attention. Now, at 
the age of eighty-three, his prayer was, "In all the 
ways that I need thee, O Lord, instruct me ; O Lord, 
thy will be done." His heart was filled with peace 
and calmly he awaited the messenger that soon 
called him to the life beyond. 

Now but two of the family were left to journey 
on their pilgrimage. Harvey, although over eighty 
years old, visited his sister twice more during the 
winters that followed. 

After leaving Whittier, Mr. and Mrs. Freeland 
removed to their cottage home in Hermon, situated 

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but a few steps from Los Angeles Seminary and the 
Free Methodist church. With reference to this home, 
Mrs. Carrie Baird says, "Mother Freeland's interest 
in our Christian schools was so great that I have 
heard her say she could not feel at home in any 
place where a seminary bell was not ringing. With 
the same desire of previous years to keep her hand 
on the spiritual pulse of our Christian young people, 
she delighted to make the home of her declining 
years at Hermon, the location of the Los Angeles 
Seminary .'' Here she could be in touch with the 
young people and still bear soul-burdens in connec- 
tion with a Christian school. 

Soon after coming to Hermon, she received an- 
other happy surprise. Mrs. Calista Evans Kinney 
and her daughter visited her home. Mrs. Kinney 
was one of her first students in the seminary at 
Gainesville, and it had been over fifty years since 
they had met. In her own words, this pupil of long 
ago thus describes the visit: "What a joyful day 
that was to us. Mrs. Freeland seemed to enjoy it, 
too. She silently shed tears for a few moments 
after learning who I was (for of course she did 
not recognize me). Then she said, 'I guess you 
don't see much of my former self.' I answered, ^Yes, 
I do see some of your former looks.' 

"Together Mr. and Mrs. Freeland prepared such 
a nice dinner, which we enjoyed. After the meal 
was over, Mr. Freeland retired, as he said, *That we 
might talk over old times,' and we did talk, calling 
to mind many of her dear pupils, most of whom were 
sleeping in their last resting place. This was the 

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sad part of our talk, but it ended with a more cheer- 
ful part, as we talked of her life and mine at the 
seminary when she taught there. 

'^As the time drew near for us to depart, she 
seemed to cling to us. She took us out into the 
garden which was so pretty and well-kept, showing 
us the flowers of which she was ever fond. When we 
could stay no longer, she knelt and prayed with us. 
How very natural that prayer was, so like the many 
I had heard from her lips in my girlhood days. I 
was so glad to have my daughter meet her; she never 
could remember the time when she had not heard of 
^Miss Hardy,' for that name was a household word 
in our home. 

^^How much her influence and teaching have been 
to me. The principles which she taught in her 
school, especially the religious ones, have made my 
life far better than it would otherwise have been. 
I, and many others of her pupils, have been in- 
fluenced by them through life." 

Mrs. Kinney continued to correspond with Mrs. 
Freeland after returning to her home in Kansas 
City, and her frequent letters were a source of joy 
to her former teacher. 

The school that she and Miss Eldrige had founded 
so many years ago, was now no more. A short time 
after Mrs. Freeland had been obliged to leave the 
school on account of failing health, the seminary 
building had been accidentally burned. The friends 
and patrons of the school had rallied to replace the 
loss, erecting a building much better than the first. 
For a number of years Miss Eldrige, assisted by 
many able teachers, continued the school. It was 

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later imited with the public sdiool, thus loging its 
distinctive character as a Ladies' Seminary. This, 
perhaps, more than any other cause, led to the school 
being discontinued after twenty years of successful 

Mrs. Freeland had been cheered and comforted 
by the visit of her former pupil and the thought that 
the seed she had sown in faith had borne fruit in 
many lives. 

Although now in feeble health, she was not idle 
during the passing months. For over two years she 
was leader of a woman's prayer meeting, held every 
Wednesday afternoon at the home of Mrs. Carrie 
Fuller, who describes her work thus: "We felt 
drawn heavenward by her rich experience. She 
often exhorted us to give our voices to the Lord and 
to let him have his way in our hearts and lives. If 
there was a fearful or a doubting one, she would 
say, ^Oh, trust and not be afraid.' Another favorite 
expression was, ^How is your faith to-day? Do you 
believe the Lord is able to do just what you ask him 
to do?' Again, in times of conflict when the enemy 
would seem to be gaining advantage, she would ex- 
claim, 'There is a God in Israel that answers by fire.' 

"Before revival meetings her faith was strong 
and simple. She would tell us that we must hold on 
by prayer and faith until the Lord came, for he 
would surely come if we held on and continued look- 
ing for him. She was often burdened, not only for 
our people, but for a general revival throughout 
the land. She would tell us that she had been pray- 
ing for years and expecting to see an outpouring of 
the Holy Spirit that would awaken people as in the 

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days of Moody. 'I believe the Lord will send it, if 
we bold on by faith and prayer/ she would say. 

^^Sbe often exhorted us to keep to the old land- 
marks, and not to let a spirit of worldliness creep 
in, but to keep ourselves and our children plain. 
Her faith in divine healing was strong, and many 
received physical help in those meetings in answer 
to her prayers. No one could be in her presence 
long without feeling that she had been with Jesus, 
and learned of him. Heaven seemed nearer when 
she was with us." 

Mrs. Carrie Baird also says: '^In these meet- 
ings while her earnest prayers always included needy 
cases in town and church, her great burden was for 
the school. I never knew her to fail to mention in 
her prayer the principal of the school and she would 
often name over the teachers and a number of the 
scholars, especially any who were seeking a better 
experience or any who she had reason to believe were 
growing cold in their love to Christ. Over and over 
again she would exhort us to hold on in earnest 
prayer for the school. She would say, 'My sisters, 
we must get our shoulders under the wheel and lift 
this load.' She would also exhort us to keep on the 
plain pilgrim robe; for the young Christians, the 
students, must have examples of real plainness set 
before them. *If the Free Methodist church,^ said 
she, 'ever wanders from the plain pilgrim path and 
enters the broad road of worldliness, it will be be- 
cause her individual members put on just a trifle 
more of worldly adornment at a time. We can not 
be too careful, my dear sisters.* ** 

When so feeble that she qould hardly be about 

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the house she would ask the Lord for strength to 
rise from her couch and in faith she would go to 
lead this prayer meeting. 

She also continued deeply interested in mission- 
ary work. Slie was seldom absent from the monthly 
meetings of the Woman's Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety, of which she had been made a life-member 
while in Dakota. 

For a number of years she was also a member of 
the Advisory Board of the General Woman's Foreign 
Missionary Society, her letters and advice being al- 
ways helpful. 

The youngest daughter, with her husband, Hiram 
W. Coflfee, and their family of little ones had now 
come to California, and made their home in Pasa- 
dena. For some time all of the children with their 
families, except the second daughter, were within 
a few miles of their parents' home. 

Frequent visits, celebrating birthdays. Thanks- 
giving or the Christmas holidays, were held first in 
one home and then in another, including all the mem- 
bers of the family circle within reach. 

But the most important celebration was the 
Golden Wedding Anniversary, which occurred No- 
vember 2, 1909. Fifty years of cloud and sunshine, 
joy and sorrow, but of unbroken service for the Mas- 
ter, had passed since the simple wedding on Novem- 
ber 2, 1859, at the home of Harvey Hardy, in Gaines- 
ville, New York. Who would have thought then 
that this anniversary would have taken place in 
golden California ! 

The Golden Wedding was held at the home of 
the youngest daughter, four generations of the 

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family being represented. The entire family circle, 
including father and mother, numbered twenty-five. 

It was a time of thanksgiving and congratula- 
tions. Perhaps none of the messages received was 
more appreciated than the following from the South 
Dakota conference: ^'Inasmuch as our beloved 
Father and Mother Freeland have reached their 
Golden Wedding anniversary, we, the members of 
the South Dakota annual conference in session as- 
sembled, at Faulkton, South Dakota, wish to ex- 
press our thanks to Qod who has so graciously pre- 
served them in life and unselfish devotion to his 
cause. We recall with gratitude their many years 
of toil, their wise counsels, their prayers and tears 
and the inspiration and blessing we have received 
from them in the years gone by. We pray God's 
choicest blessing to abide upon them. We further- 
more express our appreciation and brotherly love to 
them by the token which accompanies these resolu- 
tions." The token was an excellent copy of the 

A number of beautiful and appropriate gifts ac- 
companied the congratulations from their many 

Perhaps quotations from two toasts given at the 
wedding dinner, one by the husband and the other 
by the son will show in what t^ider regard the wife 
and mother was held after all these years : 

A Toast prom the Husband 

"I can say that my highest expectations have 
been realized as you, my bride of fifty years, have 

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proved yourself superlatively virtuous and aflfec- 
tionate. Others that have selected their wives from 
the ranks of school teachers have found that they 
needed another to preside in the housekeeping de- 
partment. You have proved yourself perfectly at 
home in home-making and housekeeping. In my life 
work it has been my lot to visit and be entertained 
in many homes, but I found no home more welcome 
and attractive than the one where you presided. 
Our home has been quite movable, having changed 
our place of abode many times. 

"As an itinerant minister, stationing committees 
never had any trouble to make my appointment 
because my wife was not wanted, and was not will- 
ing to go wherever God's work demanded it. Any 
success I may have had in the work of saving souls 
and building up the church in that holiness without 
which no man shall see the Lord, has been realized 
largely as the result of your able and constant co- 
operation in all departments. 

"As the mother of our children you have more than 
done your part, having supplied my lack of service 
when I was called to be away from home most of 
the time for years; and their early conversion to 
God and gathering into the Church of Christ was 
largely the result of your faithful home teaching and 

"I have been called to pass through many severe 
attacks of disease, but your loving hands have, when- 
ever able, gladly ministered to my needs. In view of 
these and many other facts that have come to me In 
the past fifty years of our married life, I will pre- 
sent to you at this time the Scriptural toast, '^Many 

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(laughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest 
them all." 

A Toast to Mother. 

"We speak of one whose very name brings to our 
hearts a source of restful quiet. Of one whose name 
carries with it a feeling of reverent respect and of 
untold preeiousness. Of one who gathered her chil- 
dren about her in the quiet of the Sabbath afternoon 
and taught them the stories of Daniel, David, Sam- 
uel, and all the Bible worthies, and at the close of 
this quiet hour, taught the little knee to bend, the 
little head to bow, and the little lips to speak words 
of reverent prayer. Yes, of one who taught her 
children how to reach through to God himself. We 
speak of one who taught her children to be ambi- 
tious, but ambitious to be and do the right, her mot- 
to being, "Great, not like Caesar stained with blood, 
but only great as we are good." We speak of one 
who taught by precept and example, self-sacrifice 
for God's cause. God and the church first, no self- 
sacrifice too great if God's cause demanded it. We 
speak of one who, when the family romp came, looked 
on with watchful eye and word of caution, for it was 
to her that her children went with the tear-stained 
face and the torn garment. We speak of one who 
followed her children across plains and mountains 
and by intuition knew their troubles which they 
meant to bear in silence, and brought help for them 
from the Father above. We call the name of the one 
of whom we speak, one of the three most precious 
names known to mortals — Our Mother.*' 

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Thus the happy anniversary passed^ bringing new 
courage for the days to come. It was a great priva- 
tion when Mother Freeland was no longer able to 
attend church in the evening; but from her home she 
could hear the sound of prayer and singing, and, in 
time of revivals waited anxiously for the note of 
victory, which told of seeking souls finding the 

During the revival meeting held in the winter of 
1911-1912 by Eev. W. B. Olmstead, feeble as she was, 
she could not remain entirely away, but would go 
at times, sitting in her camp chair and entering with 
all her soul into the spirit of the meeting. 

She was interested in the late general conference 
held in Chicago. Although over eighty years of age, 
she eagerly read the Conference Daily, keeping in 
touch with all the work being done. She was much 
encouraged with the action taken in regard to the 
ordination of women, feeling that the official recog- 
nition of those women who had labored so faithfully 
was at last about to be realized. 

Bev. D. G. Shepard, the district elder of Los 
Angeles District, writes of the last quarterly meeting 
Mother Freeland attended : 

^The last time Mother Freeland testified in the 
church was on Saturday afternoon of the quarterly 
meeting. I called on her to testify and gave her a 
special opportunity for two reasons. First, I always 
enjoyed her testimonies so much, for I felt like 
living nearer the Lord afterward; second, because 
she could not stand long waiting for others because 
of her weak body. In her testimony she said that 

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she was glad the Saturday afternoon service was 
being continued at our quarterly meetings. She 
gave a very clear testimony to the saving grace of 
God, as she always did. 

'^Many have said in speaking of her testimonies^ 
that they always made them feel the necessity of 
greater thoroughness, deeper spirituality, and de- 
votion to God. Oh, that there were more holy, de- 
voted mothers in Israel like her ! Her life and words 
were a benediction to the church and to the world." 

When no longer able to be actively connected 
with the Sunday-school, she joined the Home Depart- 
ment of which she was a member for several years. 
She never failed to prepare her lesson each week 
until her last illness, always considering it a privi- 
lege and a benefit to be counted a member of the 

She attended every conference camp meeting but 
one, after coming to California, until the last one 
held in June, 1912. Although unable to be present 
during the entire meeting, she attended three or 
four services. The last one proved to be the last 
public service she ever attended. She gave in her 
testimony walking up and down the center aisle, 
praising the Lord with uplifted hands, although she 
had hardly been able to walk without assistance. 

Although her health was rapidly failing, yet she 
said little of her sufferings, doing her best to be 
bright and cheerful. 

Hearing from the father of her mother^s serious 
condition, the second daughter, Mrs. Mary P. Coffee, 
came from Portland, Oregon, to visit them. She 

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had been with her mother but a day or two, when 
she said, ^^I have kept up just as long as I could, 
Matie/^ From this time she grew rapidly worse. 

The other children came daily, and a telegram 
summoned the daughter from Illinois. 

. With what a smile of satisfaction did she look 
from one to another, and how her face would light 
up as she realized that her little flock were all with 
her once more. 

During the first few days of her illness, Satan 
tempted her severely. Throughout her Christian 
experience she had been subject to fiery assaults of 
the enemy. Apollyon himself, with all his dark- 
winged messengers, had withstood her passage to the 
Celestial City, and now, even when in sight of the 
heavenly land, he made his last final attack. But 
as in the past she had been more than conqueror, so 
now, even in her physical weakness, in answer to the 
united prayer of husband and children, the power of 
the enemy was broken and the peace of heaven filled 
her soul. 

Several times it seemed that she was going, but 
her strength rallied and she lingered still. As she 
realized her increasing weakness, she said, ^^I am 
like a lump of snow, gradually melting away until 
the first you know it is gone.*^ 

For three Sabbath afternoons, the father and 
children gathered in her room at the twilight hour, 
the time when for so many years they had bowed 
together in the past. As in former days, each one 
prayed, although utterance was often choked with 
tears. Then the mother breathed her petitions for 
her little flock, carrying them with her to the very 

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gate of heaven. On the last Sabbath afternoon she 
had not been able to speak above a whisper, but sud- 
denly the glory of heaven rested upon her. Her face 
shone with the radiance of an angel, heaven filled the 
room until one could almost feel the presence of the 
bright winged messengers. She began to praise the 
Lord aloud, recounting his many mercies to her. 
Until late in the evening her voice remained, when 
she sang the doxologj so that the family came in 
to know if it were really her voice, she not having 
been able to sing for months. 

One morning during her illness when asked by 
her husband if she felt as good as new, she smiled 
and said, "No, not yet, but it is coming." 

When brought some fruit and told that it was 
the first fruit from the garden, she seemed to be 
thinking and then said, "I was thinking what it 
meant — ^Christ the first fruits of the resurrection, 
afterwards those that are Christ's at his coming.' " 

Again she said, "1 have done what I could. 1 
have been true, but oh, so weak, so full of infirmities. 
The Lord has guided me every step of the way. I 
might have done better, but I might have done much 

To her husband she said, "I want you to give this 
message to the dear young people, 'Seek Qod, be 
Bible Christians.' I can't deliver any more messages 
publicly. The older ones must bear up the younger 
ones ; the parents must do all they can to encourage 
the children. Speak of this in meeting when I am 

At another time, "I am failing fast ; do not weep 
for me when I am gone. This is the victory, even 

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your faith. Eternal rest, never to be tired. The 
crossing must be near. Live for eternity. Every 
one of our family must be there. Every one must 
be urged to be there, every one. I want to see the 
family complete in the heavenly home." One of the 
children said, ^^Mother, it seems sometimes as if we 
could not get our children all through." She an- 
swered, "They are all coming in. When I was 
alone one day not long ago, I took my Bible and 
prayed for all our children and their children. There 
was no one in the house and I could pray as loud as 
I wanted to, and the Lord heard. They are all 
coming in. The Lord gave me the verse long ago, 
'Not a hoof shall be left behind.' " 

"But mother, what shall we do when you are not 
here to pray for us?" She looked up with such an 
expression of reproof on her face as she said, "Why, 
prayer lasts longer than over night." 

Again she said, "Husband, we've traveled a great 
many miles together, and we will again in the 
heavenly country. Perhaps it was a dream, but I 
thought it would not be long before I should welcome 
you to the heavenly city." 

"Mother, you will soon know what we all long 
to know." She replied, "I shall begin to know." 

"You must be near us, mother, after you are 
gone." She said, "I do not know what my duty and 
privilege will be in the other world." 

"At eventime it shall be light. Because he lives 
I shall live also. It is all light. Peace I leave with 
you, peace I give unto you. The conflict is past. I 
trust it all with him, anyway; Lord, thy will be 
done in me and through me and by me. Amen. 

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'The Lord grant that my mantle may fall on the 
young pilgrims, a double portion of the Holy Spirit. 
May they go everywhere Jesus bids them^ not shrink- 
ing from the least or greatest cross. 

"Tell the students the importance of right habits. 
Do not let life's work be done haphazard. Learn 
how to work, then you can be useful. Do not say, 
*I forgot ;' it is your business to remember. 

"I do want my testimony to count for Jesus, if 
only in tract form ; to count for Jesus, in the earth. 
How it was Qod could take a poor country girl and 
save her, and give her grace, and keep her all these 
seventy years is a mystery of grace. 

"The Lord showed me that the best time for me 
to have secret prayer was t^i o'clock in the morning, 
because that was the time I would be least likely to 
be disturbed. The children knew it was mother's 

"I want out of my life, and death whatever it 
comes, that there should be a fellow-feeling among 
the mothers, of the importance of prayer for their 
children. I want that there shall be a badge or but- 
ton showing common fellowship; do not charge for 
it. Mother's hour at ten o'clock; I would like to 
meet with them if I could." 

She often spoke of the importance of love, saying 
"It is the beginning and end of true religion." 

"Love is the pole star of the universe. When the 
world was created there was no other moral element 
but love. How grand and glorious it will be to get 
into a country where there is nothing but love." 

When reminded of her position in the missionary 
society, and asked if she had a parting message, she 

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immediately dictated the following: "The prospect 
never was so bright for foreign missions. 'Let us 
not be weary in well doing, for in due season we 
shall reap if we faint not/ In proportion as the 
spirit of self-denial increases, the work will go on. 
It must be self-denial on every hand, to save the pen- 
nies and the dimes. Teach the children to deny 
themselves. The pennies are too precious to waste 
for needless things.'* 

She requested that the twelfth of Isaiah, her fa- 
vorite chapter, be read to her, and later that the 
song, ''There is a land of pure delight," be sung. 

Once she said, "I know there is such a thing as 
taking a course through life to heaven, for I have 
seen heaven. It is indescribable, words can not tell 
it. I saw Jesus, he ever liveth to make intercession 
for us." 

Again, "I am full of courage, I would like to live 
and labor for the Master a hundred years longer if 
it were his will." 

She talked calmly of the various matters^ in con- 
nection with her departure, as if taking a journey; 
among other requests she desired that no flowers be 
placed upon her coffin and that there be no floral 
display at her funeral. As the disease progressed 
her mind became affected and it was necessary to 
use anaesthetics. Her family expected that she 
would never regain consciousness again. The dear 
sisters in Hermon, however, with whom she had met 
for prayer so many times, gathered together in 
earnest supplication that Mother Freeland might be 
herself again before leaving her family. Unexpected- 
ly to the loved ones by her side, she knew first one 

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and then another until the entire f amily, one by 
one, had gone softly to her bed-side to receive her 
parting message and blessing. 

On the morning of August 29thy when her voice 
was so nearly gone that it was diflBcnlt to catch the 
whispered words, she said, ^'Once more I am well 
enough, have prayers," meaning that she was able 
to have the usual morning worship in her room. She 
joined in repeating the twenty-third Psalm and the 
Lord's Prayer, although only the movement of her 
lips could be distinguished. Many times during her 
illness she repeated the words, "Thy will be done," 
"I am thine." When the precious voice was gone, 
her lips still framed the word, "Amen." 

During all the afternoon and evening before the 
last cord was severed that held her to earth, her 
little flock were in her room singing her favorite 
hymns, "O think of the home over there," "I will 
sing you a song," "Guide me, O thou great Jehovah," 
"On Jordan's stormy banks I stand," "Jesus, lover 
of my soul," "Rock of Ages," "O come, angel band," 
"My faith looks up to thee," "Is there any one can 
help us?" and many others. 

If the singing stopped, for the sobs would come, 
her speaking blue eyes would wander questioningly 
from one to another, until, realizing that it was the 
last that they could do for that precious one, the 
tears were forced back, and they would begin another 
hymn. Then a smile would rest upon her face, and 
she was satisfied. 

The companion who had borne life's burdens with 
her so long, was ever in her thoughts. She was plan- 

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ning for his comfort until the last. It seemed they 
could not be separated^ but the husband with tender, 
loving messages, soothed and comforted the weary 
pilgrim so soon to enter the Celestial City. 

^^She remained conscious until so far in the val- 
ley that sight -was dimmed and hearing was lost in 
the crossing." 

Quietly, as the congregation gathered at the 
church for the usual Thursday evening prayer meet- 
ing were singing a hymn, the words floating in at 
her open window, her spirit passed into the glories 
of the unseen world. The funeral was held in the 
Hermon church that she had loved so well. Bev. 
M. !N. Downing, who had known both Father and 
Mother Freeland since before their marriage, spoke 
words of comfort and inspiration from the text, 
Psa. 50:5, "Gather my saints together unto me; 
those that have made a covenant with me by sacri- 

The large congregation joined in singing, "There 
is a land of pure delight," "Servant of God, well 
done," and "I will meet you in the morning," while 
the pastor. Rev. B. J. Vincent, and the elder, Rev. 
D. G. Shepard, assisted in the services. 

In accordance with Mother Freeland's last wish 
there was no display of flowers, but all the arrange- 
ments were plain and simple. 

As the procession accompanying the precious 
body passed over the smooth pavement of Orange 
Grove avenue, it seemed a fitting pathway for the 
last journey. On either side were the costly man- 
sions, velvet lawns, and rare flowers, but our pil- 

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grim bad entered into the city whose gates are pearls, 
whose foundations are precious stones, and whose 
streets are of pure gold. 

In Mountain View cemetery, the casket that had 
contained the jewel of her immortal, redeemed st)irit, 
was laid peacefully away. Since her conversion she 
had lived with this hour in view. It had been her 
aim that life's sun for her should not set in clouds, 
that she should have an abundant entrance into the 
heavenly city. She had faithfully followed the path 
that led to this end, and she was not disappointed. 
For her earth's sunset was the dawn of heaven's 
eternal day. 

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Waiting at the Gatb. 

I dreamed one night, and lo, it seemed 

I stood at heaven's gate; 
And saw a being clothed in white 

Beside the portals wait 

A crown of glory decked her brow, 
She waved the victor's palm. 

And sang the praises of her King 
In notes of sweetest psalm. 

I marked the radiance on her face, 
Which shone with heavenly light; 

A radiance from that glory world 
To which there comes no night. 

I asked her why she lingered thus 

Beside the Eastern Gate, 
She smiled and said : "Tis for the loved 

Ones that I watch and wait 

"I left them weeping on the shore 
When sailed my fragile barque. 

My Pilot brought me safely o'er, 
Across the waters dark. 

"He led me through the gates of pearl. 
And up the streets of gold. 

Beside the crystal fountains clear 
Of waters pure and cold. 

"I've tasted of the fruit that grows 

Beside the stream of Life, 
And rested in the pastures green 

Beyond the toil and strife. 

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*'And then, oh, wondrous, wondroos grace! 

He led me to the throne. 
And to the holy angels said 

This is my v^ry own! 

" 'On earth she folly followed me, 
Nor blushed to own my name; 

She bore the cross, and laid aside 
All thought of worldly fame. 

** 'And now, before my Father's throne 

I own that she is mine. 
Enter, my child, on the reward 

Which is forever thine.' 

"Oh, could they know the Joy I feel, 

The glory of this place. 
The bliss unspeakable to look 

In my Redeemer's face! 

'*I long to take them in my arms, 

To fold them to my breast 
And say, It pays a thousandfold 

To stand the fiery test; 

"To walk the self-denying path 
By saints and martyrs trod. 

The path which surely leads al last 
To the Paradise of God. 

*'Th^'re coming soon, yes, soon will cease 

The crosses and the tears; 
For life's short span is but a drop 

In the ocean of God's years. 

"I want to greet them when they come, 

*Tis why I linger here, 
That I may smile a welcome home 

To those I hold so dear. 

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"In tears they bade farewell, but on 

That glad reunion day 
There'll be no tears, for God himself 

Shall wipe them all away." 

The vision vanished from my sight, 

As sinks the setting sun. 
May the reality be ours 

When life's short day is done. 

■^Mra, Edith C. Davis. 
Hermony California, 

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Mrs. M. H. Frbbland — A Tribute. 


I first met Mrs. Freeland in the summer of 1868, 
at a camp meeting held near my father's farm in 
Lyndon, New York. I was then but a lad of six- 
teen years. I had been clearly converted, but was not 
living so near the Lord at the time as was my privi- 
lege, nor as I had been in the past. I was much im- 
pressed by the deep and earnest seriousness which 
both she and her husband manifested, and by their 
concern for the salvation of all whom they met, as 
manifested in their direct and earnest personal ef- 
forts to lead them to Christ. They carried with 
them such a savor of the heavenly world as brought 
me under conviction, and yet as made me shy of 
them because of my unwillingness to respond to the 
light that was shining upon me regarding my call 
to preach the gospel. 

Some years later I visited them in their home in 
Syracuse, New York. Brother Freeland was then 
seriously ill with heart trouble. At that time I 
had more sense of appreciation of their faith and 
godliness than when I had met them some years 
earlier. I perceived that Sister Freeland was in- 
deed a woman of faith and of deep spirituality; 
that hers was the grace that shone in the home and 
under trial equally as bright as it did in more public 
places and under more favoring circumstances ; that 
she eminently exemplified ^'the ornament of a meek 
and quiet spirit, which in the sight of Ood is of 
great price;" in fact that she was a living example 

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of scriptural holiness, a woman wliose life was ''hid 
with Christ in God." 

In the later years I met her often in camp meet- 
ings, conferences, and at general conference. She 
was ever the same dignified, simple, sweet-spirited, 
zealous, uncompromising Christian woman that she 
appeared to be when first I met her. Holiness was 
her constant theme. When so advanced in years that 
most women and many men of her age would have 
regarded themselves as quite excusable for remain- 
ing in bed during early service at the camp meetings, 
she was accustomed to get out and, with the fresh- 
ness and vigor of a much younger woman, lead the 
5 : 30 a. m. holiness meetings each morning, preaching 
with effectiveness, and then laboring with her accus- 
tomed zeal to help those who presented themselves 
as seekers. 

Mrs. Freeland was a woman of rare intelligence, 
of fine education, of excellent social qualities, very 
motherly in manner, kind to everybody, "easy to be 
entreated" in all things non-essential, but firm as the 
everlasting EiIls in her adherence to her convictions 
of duty and to all the principles of righteousness. 
She might have shone among the worldly and the 
fashionable of society, had she been so inclined ; but 
she chose rather to follow the meek and lowly 
Savior in the path of unworldliness and self-denial, 
and to consecrate her powers to the loftiest service 
of God and humanity. She was content to let others 
illustrate the character of "the new woman," and as 
for herself, to illustrate how "holy women of old" 
walked with God and lived before the world. In 
spirit, manner, conversation, dress, and general bear- 

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ing she was an admirable representative of New 
Testament saintliness. '^A mother in Israel" was 
removed from the Church militant to the Chnrch tri- 
umphant when Mrs. M. H. Freeland was translated. 

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1 hereby pledge myself to pray once a day, 
at the hour of ten a. m. if possible, for the 
immediate salvation of my children. 

**B6hoId. I and the children whom Ood 

hath given me." Isaiah viii : 18 
"Prayer lasts longer than over night." 

—Mother Freeland 

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MoTHBR^s Hour Circle. 

In accordance with the desire expressed by Mrs. 
M. H. Freeland a few days before her death, an in- 
formal organisation of Christian mothers has been 
planned. Any mother who wishes to join the circle 
may do so by sending for and signing a card of mem- 
bershipy receiving a badge of membership with no 
expense except an inclosed stamp for reply. 

Already between two and three hundred mothers 
have joined the Mother^s Hour Circle and some chil- 
dren have been clearly saved in answer to the special 
prayers offered. 

All mothers are earnestly invited to unite in this 
effort for the conversion of their children, specially 
those belonging to Christian homes. 

For card of membership, address, Mrs. Mary 
Freeland Coffee, 225 Bast 55th street, North, Port- 
land, Oregon. 

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